The number of young Americans using electronic cigarettes increased by one and a half million in 2018, offsetting the years of tobacco use in high schools and universities, which were informed by the health authorities on Monday.
Approximately 3.6 million high school and university students flooded in 2018 while in 2017 2.1 million did so, a dizzying situation 71% increase. The number of smokers of cigarettes and other tobacco products remained stable in the meantime, according to a report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
"The rapid increase in the use of electronic cigarettes by young people last year threatens to remove the progress that is being made in reducing the use of tobacco for young people," said CDC director Robert Redfield. "A new generation is at risk of developing nicotine addiction. "
The authorities specifically target the market leader, Juul, whom they regularly threaten. "All options are in terms of policy", warned Mitch Zeller, director of tobacco products for the FDA, the federal agency that regulates electronic cigarettes, which already in November it limited the sale of some flavors such as strawberry or chewing gum.
Vaping started in early 2010 with young Americans, and overcame the habit of smoking cigarettes in 2014. Although the number of smokers in secondary school has been steadily decreasing since 2011, the number of vapers has risen dramatically, from 1.5% of high school students to 20.8% in 2018.
That is the percentage of students who say they have used this product in the past month. In the same period, the number of "fuel" tobacco smokers (cigarettes, cigars …) it went from 21.87 to 13.9%.
The university has also been affected by this increase, albeit to a lesser extent. The study estimates the proportion of vaping university students at 4.9%.
In the United States, the authorities include arms statistics on the use of tobacco, as the nicotine in electronic cigarettes comes from tobacco, but other countries do not classify this as a tobacco product.