Emotions and the heart is an area that has been studied very thoroughly lately with increasing evidence. But what happens in the case of hypertension (HTA)? Miguel Schiavone (MN 122283), head of arterial hypertension of the cardiology department of the British Hospital, provides some insights about this aspect of health.
The situations stressful they can make it blood pressure increase temporarily, but can stress also lead to long-term hypertension? Is it possible that all those high blood pressure records associated with short-term stress add up and cause long-term hypertension?
Schiavone explains: "The first thing to keep in mind is to understand that, in the presence of a stressful reaction, the body produces an increase in certain hormones. These hormones temporarily raise blood pressure, cause tachycardia and cause shrink the blood vessels. "
"Despite this, today, there is not enough evidence that stress alone leads to long-term hypertension. What has been shown is that stress generates unhealthy habits that can ultimately lead to the development of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease, "he explained.
The danger of vices
Many people try to channel stress "through harmful habits such as smoking, increasing the intake of alcoholic beverages, increasing fat intake and meals with salt." "This stress is in many cases associated with anxiety, depression and social isolation, leading to a decrease in physical activity and moments of relaxation. All of the above derives in the long term from a long-term rise in blood pressure, hence HT an established disease, "said the British expert.
In this context, and although it is crucial that every person discuss their concerns with the specialists to have a personal attention, Dr. Schiavone general advice to control stress and emotions:
* Simplify the agenda: The "adrenergic" discharge produced causes heart palpitations or increased blood pressure. That is why it is advisable to take a few minutes to review the list of tasks and to set priorities for the really important tasks, if you feel "rushed".
* Breathe to relax: Taking deep, slow breaths can help reduce stress, reduce heart palpitations and lower blood pressure.
* Do physical activity: physical activity is a natural way to combat stress.
* Yoga, reiki, meditation or mindfulness: these techniques strengthen the body and help relax. They can also lower systolic blood pressure.
* sleep: A lack of sleep can cause problems to appear worse than they actually are and, on the other hand, a good rest ensures that the body can metabolize situations that are experienced during the day.
* Change the perspective of the problems: Recognize the feelings about the lived situation and then concentrate on finding solutions.
"These tips do not exclude each other and each person must evaluate what the best solution is in their case. The most important thing is that you choose the strategy that you like best and put into practice," the cardiologist commented.