Build stable foundations in the Moon and Mars colonize "in a matter of 15 or 20 years" the next steps of an expansive process are "inevitable" for humanity, because the Earth "It is too small for us", he explains in an interview Mikhail Korniyenko, cosmonaut from Roscosmos, the Russian Space Agency.
However, these deadlines are only met "if all countries and space agencies agree and stop investing so much in the military field and more in cosmonautics".
Korniyenko insists on the need to "stop messy Earth and fights for it "and joins forces to" discover new research areas "to go to the Moon and a Mars for what we can imagine.
This flight engineer and ex-military recognizes that being cosmonaut it was his dream "from childhood, like that of all children born in the Soviet Union" in the sixties of the last century.
Together with the North American Scott Kelly, beat in 2016 the record of uninterrupted stay aboard the International space station (EEI), with a stay of 340 days.
The ISS, which turned twenty on November 20, is an international project that "works one hundred percent for scientific purposes", explains Korniyenko, using weightlessness to examine substances such as superpure insulin, new energy processes or traumatological rehabilitation techniques.
His own stay of almost a year in the station, for what was prepared for 13 years, served to study the biological adaptation of the human body to the conditions of space.
"At the moment doctors can astronauts coming back out of space for their readjustment to the Earthbut the pilots who arrive Mars they will not have these support teams. "Hence the need to study their adaptation in these circumstances, he says.
the cosmonaut confirms that life in space is "much quieter, but infinitely more complicated" because everyday activities such as washing your hair are "an odyssey".
Fear and tension are also traveling companions. "Inevitably people start to fear their physical integrity when the flight enters the atmosphere and sees the fire from the hatch," he explains.
In one of his expeditions, the team of Roscosmos warned the crew of the ground of the presence of space debris and the risk that a piece might hit the ship.
"As is the case with a collapse in a submarine, we stepped into the emergency capsule, waiting with a lot of tension," he says, but luckily this did not happen.
Only later was the crew "aware of the danger", because those pieces traveled at a speed of 14 kilometers per second: "We did not count," he emphasizes.
Space technology "is fairly safe, but also very complex and carries a great deal of risk, so it is very difficult to rule out accidents," he warns, recalling the ruling that forced the abortion of a missile mission in October last year. Soyuz.
Nevertheless, the space community remains confident Soyuz"In the three cases of accidents in its history, the crew continued to live because the emergency protocols worked" very well ".
Outside of physical conditions, life in space is "psychologically very difficult", especially because it counts Korniyenko"You do not see one living creature in practically a year" and added: "When you wake up in the Earth and you look out the window, you see the sun and you tell it in the morning, but you get up and you're always in a dark box. "
This forces "to constantly look at the clock, to know if it is day or night, because the sense of time is completely lost".
The return to Earth, concludes, "it is very difficult" and requires three adjustment periods: an immediate ten days after the landing in which it has to be re-learned to walk or breathe normally, a second phase of clinical trials and, finally, a time comparable to the one who was in space to normalize the body.