Blood Sucking & # 39; Kissing Bugs & # 39; spread the deadly Chagas disease in the United States

Silent killer infected as many as 300,000 in the United States.

A deadly disease spread by kissing beetles spreads across the United States.

According to a Forbes report, the animals spread the disease of Chagas, which is caused by the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi. Kissing bugs carry the parasite and eventually any possible infection transferred to human hosts can cause heart damage. The insects get their name because of the tendency to bite near the lips or the eyes with a so-called "kiss". The insects then pooped at the wound they left behind, which contributed to the spread of the parasite.

Previously, the disease was more present in Latin and South America, but more recently it spread to the United States. So far, at least 300,000 residents of at least 28 states have been infected with Chagas disease, according to a Fox news report. Worldwide, as many as 8 million people have contracted the potentially fatal infection. About 20 to 30 percent of people who are bitten by the insects are infected with the disease, which can lead to heart failure, stroke, irregular heartbeat or even sudden death. The condition is often called the silent murderer because it wreaks havoc in the body until it is too late.

The treatment includes antiparasitic drugs such as benznidazole or nifurtimox, as soon as possible after contracting the disease. Unfortunately, it can take up to 10 years for infected people to experience symptoms and at that time it can often be too late for effective treatment. Swelling in the vicinity of the original bite may be the only first symptom. People who suspect that they have been bitten by one of these insects should contact their doctor soon after the bite to determine the best course of treatment.

Currently the kissing bug is often found in Texas, Florida and Southern California, but it also spreads to other states. In addition to catching the disease by a bite, the disease can also be spread by blood transfusions.

While researchers are working on the development of a vaccine against the disease, the situation continues to spread – not enough people understand the devastating effects that insects can have on victims if they are not treated. In a little extra bad news, the financial consequences of the disease can cost as much as $ 7.19 billion a year, which means that the efforts to control both the kissing insects and the disease must increase.

Caryn Bern, professor of epidemiology and biostatistics at the University of California in San Francisco, said in an online statement: "Early detection of Chagas disease is crucial, allowing a rapid start of therapy when the evidence for a drug strong. "

So far, researchers have identified 11 types of kisses in the United States. Nearly 50 percent of the insects are infected with the parasite that causes Chagas disease.

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