Whether it is natural or made by man, reefs serve the outdoors. From the Great Barrier Reef of Australia to the crushed part of N.C. 70 along the "Oyster Highway" in the New River, reefs are a boon for ecology and fishing.
Of course, the oyster highway is not a reef in the strictest sense, but it does its job in the ecological world.
There are many artificial reefs in watercourses nowadays (I even have one in my pond with wetlands). The best I have ever seen, however, is in Lake Erie.
I wrote about it before, but a few years ago. In Cleveland, the Municipal Stadium of Cleveland was demolished in 1996. The concrete, brick and rock from the one-time home of the Cleveland Indians and Cleveland Browns are stacked in three places in the lake. The middle section even has a row of seats. Older fishermen can meditate on the past performance of Bob Feller and Jim Brown.
Research shows that the reefs attract 12 to 66 times as much fish as the environment, which means that more fishermen come to the area to spend money on surrounding farms. The reefs also stimulate fish production, but are not large enough to influence the populations.
Man-made reefs are useful, but the natural reefs are more amazing. The Great Barrier Reef, off the coast of Queensland in northeastern Australia, is the largest living thing on earth and even visible from space. The 2,300 kilometer ecosystem consists of thousands of reefs and hundreds of islands of more than 600 species of hard and soft coral. It is home to countless types of colorful fish, mollusks and starfish, plus turtles, dolphins, sharks and giant mussels.
Nothing matches. The closest rival is closer to us.
• BELIZE PROTECTS REEF SYSTEM: this winter paradise has become even more.
Unesco said the Belize government had taken "visionary steps" to protect the world's second-largest reef system (behind the Great Barrier Reef in Australia).
Over the past decade, the government has protected the mangroves and instituted a moratorium on exploration around the reef.
• DOVE SEASON: The "Home from the Hunt" campaign of the North Carolina Wildlife Commission reminds hunters to always exercise safety and follow state and federal laws while in the field.
The season 2018-19 for mourning and pigeon with white wings is divided into three segments: 1 september-sept. 6, November 17-dec. 1 and December 10-January. 31. All hunters must comply with applicable licensing requirements and hunting regulations.
The daily bag limit is 15 pigeons and the recording times are from 30 minutes before sunrise to sunset throughout the season, including the opening day. Hunting for migratory birds with any method is not permitted on Sundays.
The committee advises pigeon hunters to follow these safety tips:
• Never photograph low-flying birds.
• Never place baits on utility lines.
• Never combine game bags.
• Always adhere to the established safe fire zones.
It is a violation of state and federal law to catch migratory birds with the use or assistance of salt, grains, fruit or any other bait. Hunters must fully understand and inspect the hunting laws in areas where hunting is required for signs of bait.
Hunters also have to take into account that an area is regarded as bait 10 days after removal of all bait. The committee encourages hunters to ask landowners about agricultural processes for fields or to provoke hunting in areas.
Hunters can be hunted in agricultural areas where grain is divided as a result of normal agricultural activities. Information about farming and planting techniques can be obtained from a local North Carolina State Extension Service Center.
• DOGS AND SOUTH KOREA: The conditions here are more primitive than in Slovakia.
Readers may recall that in the July 29 column it was announced that the Slovaks have adopted legislation that gives dogs the status of human rights.
In the country 36,000 Americans died to save, dogs have to catch up, but they are making progress. A court has ruled that the killing of fangs for meat is illegal. Proponents of animal welfare are hopeful that it paves the way for a national ban on practice.
According to some estimates, Koreans eat 1 million dogs a year, but consumption is declining and is somewhat taboo among younger guests who listen to protests.
Glenn Ayers is director of the Lansdowne Wildlife Habitat and screenwriter for the Times-News. E-mail: [email protected] or telephone: (540) 297-7465.