The year starts with a spectacle in the air. The moon glows rusty brown for a short time. The position he takes is usually only twice a year. Also: Orion now sparkles high in the southeast.
lighting up: The new year starts with a cosmic game of light. In the morning hours of January 21, the moon wanders through the 1.4 million kilometer long shadow that throws the earth into space. At the same time, the moon will not completely disappear from the scene, but will glow at the height of this total darkness as a funnel in a more or less bright, rust-brown color. The spectacle is something for early birds, because the Trabant rages in the earth core shadow at 4.34 am. The totality lasts from 5:41 to 6:44, the output of the core shadow takes place at 7:51, shortly before the moonset. Such a total obscuration occurs when the sun, the earth and the full moon are lined up and strung like beads on a chain. This position occurs on average twice a year, only then is the earthy grave near one of the two intersections between its orbit and the & ecliptic & # 39; – the level of the orbit of the earth around the sun.
Stars and constellations: The Orion now sparkles high in the southeast. Underneath, Sirius shines in the Great Dog, the brightest star of the expanse. Further east, Prokyon flashes in the small dog, around the twins Kastor and Pollux. High in the south, Kapella lights up in the crankcase. Between the carter and Orion is the bull with the bright Aldebaran, west of it we find the Pleiades. Andromeda and Pegasus with autumn square occupy the southwestern sky stage. The drawbar of the big car points to the northern horizon, the steeple of the small car with the pole star at the top also points steeply upwards. Deep in the northwest the swan flies with Deneb. Just above the horizon that Wega shows. The "M" of the Cassiopeia glows high in the north.
Planet and moon: Mercury and Saturn are not observable in the sky during the day. Venus seems like a morning star in the southeast. In this region, Jupiter also remains in the snake carrier. On January 31, he and Venus, along with the diminishing waxing moon, shine deep over the horizon – a beautiful view of the sky at 6:30. Mars in the Fishes is the first half of the planet and starts around 20 minutes before midnight in January. New moon is on the 6th, first quarter on the 14th, full moon on the 21st and last quarter on 27th January. At night, on the 4th of January, the meteorites of the Quadrantids reach their maximum and every hour a maximum of 100 lightly mopped snouts can scrape across the firmament. On January 3, the earth reaches the smallest distance to the sun.