According to recent findings, a sugar and fat diet not only causes overweight and diabetes, but also increases the risk of a heart attack. According to the recommendation of the German Association for Nutrition (DGE), the daily intake of fat in adults should be between 60 and 80 grams. The daily amount of sugar under 50 grams. Ann-Kathrin Krämer, food advisor at the AOK Hessen, gives an interview with information and tips about a healthy diet.
Ms. Krämer, to what extent are sugar and fat related to the health of the heart?
AK: Nutritional errors can jeopardize our health of the heart, although sugar and fat are essential to the human organism because they provide energy for many processes in the body. However, too much of it promotes weight gain. With increasing weight, the risk of a heart attack increases. High obesity leads to long-term hypertension and metabolic disorders such as insulin resistance and thus to diabetes mellitus type 2. Both are risk factors for a heart attack.
Is there a special risk group for a heart attack?
AK: People who do not move and mainly sugar-sweet and high-fat foods have the highest risk of developing a metabolic syndrome, also called a "deadly quartet". This refers to the joint occurrence of different symptoms or clinical images: obesity, high blood pressure, increased blood lipid levels and reduced sugar consumption in the body. These increase the risk of diabetes and atherosclerosis (vascular calcification), the main cause of a heart attack.
What should I pay attention to if I want to reduce my sugar and fat intake?
AK: Many foods contain fats and sugars that are harmful to the heart. the first glance is not recognizable: meat, sausage, cheese and dairy products, pastries, confectionery, fast food and end products. Especially end products are often added a lot of sugar, so it is always worth looking at the ingredients list! Sugar also hides behind terms that end with "-ose": fructose, glucose, dextrose, lactose, sucrose, raffinose, etc.
How does the consumption of fats affect the risk of heart attacks?
AK: Bei zu A high fat intake increases blood lipids (triglycerides and cholesterol), blood fat metabolism is disturbed. If this device is out of balance, it will increasingly carry LDL cholesterol in the blood. This is the amount of cholesterol that is considered the root cause of diseases such as arteriosclerosis, heart attack and stroke. Because the cholesterol in the blood vessels can be deposited and the blood vessels can close. When this happens in blood vessels that deliver oxygen to the heart and brain, a heart attack or stroke develops.
How can you use food to prevent a heart attack?
AK: A heart-healthy diet works best with a low-fat, high fiber diet and vitamin-rich diet Healthy is a high percentage of plant foods such as fruits, vegetables, legumes, whole grains and lettuce, olive oil instead of butter, cream and other animal fats, fish instead of meat. The crucial thing is not to eat unilaterally, but to eat well. The right balance has to be found between foods with a lot of sugar and fat and low-fat food.
AOK – The health insurance fund in Hesse
61352 Bad Homburg
06172/272 – 143
0 61 72/2 72 – 1 39
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