Articles about the real or perceived virtues of alcohol are countless. "A glass of wine keeps the doctor away», We say: if we do not accept to definitively suppress our consumption, we like to find sanitary justifications. It would reduce coronary heart disease in women, reduce the risk of heart attacks … and would be helpful if you add a bit of moderation.
This is wrong.
Or at least it is only half true.
A disadvantageous advantage / disadvantage ratio
In a study published on The Lancet, researchers have gathered data from nearly 600 previous studies on the risks of alcohol consumption before deciding: if some benefits can be inferred, they are not sufficient to compensate for risk & # 39; s of cancer, injuries and infectious diseases.
Every year around the world, the consumption of alcoholic beverages is responsible for 2.8 million deaths. Chemicals in beer, wine and spirits are linked to nearly one in ten deaths among people aged 15 to 49 (alcohol causes fatal cases of tuberculosis, traffic accidents) and self-injury), making it the leading cause of death for this age group. For people aged over 50, the most important cause of death is related to alcohol cancer.
"The findings of the study are clear and unambiguous: alcohol is a colossal global health problemSaid Robyn Burton, a researcher from King & # 39; s College London who participated in the study. "The solutions are simple: increase the taxes to generate income for the ministries of health in difficulty and reduce the exposure of children to the marketing of alcohol, which has no disadvantages."
Moderation, commercial argument
Bloomberg observes that the reaction of the largest alcohol producers in recent years has been to glorify the merits of moderation, while selling higher-priced products that should be of a higher quality: marketing strategies that are clearly ineligible do not take health issues into account, but which gradually become part of the collective imagination.
The authors also identified the largest drinkers in the world: they can be found in European countries, where Romania is at the top: in 2016 the men drank on average the equivalent of 8.2 bottles of beer per day. Portugal and Luxembourg follow with 7.2 bottles.
When moderation risks reduce, it is therefore only those that are related to consumption. The barrel red, however small, can remain a pleasure, it will never be a blessing.