It is now well known that stopping can lead to weight gain (on average two to four pounds, sometimes much more). The appetite suppressant effect of the cigarette disappears, the recurring taste stimulates the appetite and the nibble makes the "caffeine break" forgotten.
Researchers wanted to evaluate the impact of such a decision on the potential development of diseases related to overweight, such as type 2 diabetes or cardiovascular disease. "Weight gain after quitting smoking could compensate for its health benefits", explain in the introduction the authors of the essay, published in The New England of Medicine.
A peak 5-7 years after stopping
The scientists relied on three different studies, all conducted among Americans, both men and women, who quit smoking. They evaluated three parameters: the risk of type 2 diabetes, the risk of death from cardiovascular disease and the risk of death from all causes.
Among those arriving, the risk of type 2 diabetes was higher among those who had recently stopped (2 to 6 years after stopping) than regular tobacco users. The risk peaks 5-7 years after stopping and then gradually decreases. The temporary increase in the risk of type 2 diabetes is directly proportional to the weight gain.
With regard to the risk of death from cardiovascular disease and the risk of death from all causes, the researchers saw no increase, whether or not cohort members increased in weight. "Quitting smoking with significant weight gain is associated with an increased short-term risk of type 2 diabetes, but it does not outweigh the benefits of smoking cessation in reducing cardiovascular and cardiovascular disease, all-cause mortality," the researchers conclude. .
73,000 deaths a year
It is therefore important to check your diet during weaning, but if the patient does not feel able, it is a lesser evil. In France, smoking is the leading cause of avoidable mortality, with about 73,000 deaths per year. It can cause multiple cancers (lung, throat, mouth, lips, pancreas, kidneys, bladder, uterus, esophagus), cardiovascular disease (myocardial infarction, stroke, arteritis of the lower limbs, aneurysms, high blood pressure) and erectile dysfunction.
Other diseases are related or exacerbated by smoking: gastritis, ulcers, type II diabetes, hypercholesterolaemia, hypertriglyceridaemia, eczema, psoriasis, lupus, ENT infections (nose-throat – ears) and dental, cataract and age-related macular degeneration (AMD) can lead to blindness. Not to mention periodontitis, gum disease that lets go and causes tooth loss.
Are you interested in this topic? Come and discuss it on our forum!