With 49 deaths and more than 2,000 controlled people, the outbreak of Ebola epidemics has gradually increased for 18 days in the east of the Democratic Republic of Congo, weakened by violence and displacement. The outbreak reported on 1 August in the province of North Kivu killed 49 of the 90 reported cases, according to the latest bulletin "epidemiological situation" of the Congolese Ministry of Health on Saturday.
The Directorate General for Disease Control identifies 22 deaths among 63 cases confirmed by laboratory tests on specimens and 27 deaths likely due to Ebola due to an "epidemiological link" with the virus.
"The World Health Organization (WHO)" expects more cases. We do not know if all transmission chains have been identified, "said a spokesperson, Tarik Jasarevic, Friday to reporters at the headquarters in Geneva.
Most of the dead (39) were registered in the agricultural village of Mangina, 30 km south-west of Beni, where the outbreak began. Three deaths have also been reported in the neighboring province of Ituri.
Field teams also identified 2.157 "contacts" according to the ministry, ie people who may have been in contact with the virus.
Healthcare professionals do a lot of work to monitor these contacts, to continue active case-finding and to pave the way for immunization teams, "says the Congolese Ministry of Health.
Vaccination is used as in the last epidemic in the province of Equateur in the northwest of the country, the end of which was announced on 24 July (33 deaths on 54 cases in total).
Medical teams in Beni and Mangina "have started using the therapeutic molecule Mab114 as part of the treatment of patients," said the Congolese Ministry of Health this week.
Mab114 is based on "research into the serum of a survivor of the Ebola outbreak in Kikwit (central DRC) in 1995" and is "the first therapeutic molecule to be used against the virus" during an epidemic.
A case of healing a 13-year-old girl was reported in Beni.
"Two children have already died from the disease.The treatment centers for ebola in Beni and Mangina currently provide six children who are or have been infected with the disease.UVEF has so far identified 53 children who were orphaned by Ebola," said Friday a statement from the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF).
"I lost eight members of my family", a young man from Mangina testified on TV5Monde Dieudonné.
Neighboring North Kivu Uganda has evaluated the possible response plan for the epidemic. Health Minister Sarah Opendi traveled to the border in Bundibugyo to lead a large delegation, the ministerial department said on Twitter on Sunday.
The DRC (formerly Zaire) has had ten Ebola outbreaks since 1976. But this is the first time the virus has been seen in a densely populated area of armed conflicts with large population movements.
Beni and his region are under the threat of Ugandan rebels from the Allied Defense Force (ADF), reportedly responsible for the massacre of several hundred civilians since 2014, and the displacement of thousands of people.
The 26-year-old farmer, found by an AFP correspondent, claims to have sought refuge in a Protestant church in Beni after fleeing ADF violence further north in Kokolo.
"We are in this chapel a lot and the living conditions are not good, I'm afraid of my health because Ebola is more dangerous than other diseases," Micheline Kanduki worried.
In Beni several sanitary dams have been installed for washing hands with chlorinated water and taking temperature. A woman with a temperature of 39 degrees was immediately taken to the general hospital, AFP noted. "This is a suspicious case," said a health worker.
Hand washing points and a center for suspicious cases were also established in the capital of North Kivu, Goma (about one million inhabitants), one hour from Beni by plane.
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