Maybe you have already passed a false note and you do not even know it. It was not until 2017 that the Central Bank collected almost 300 thousand simulated accounts of R $ 100 and R $ 50, the most counterfeited notes. If you do not have the habit to check, you should do that.
According to the CB it is the job of the citizen to check whether he or she receives a real invoice or not. The passing on of false invoices is a crime provided for in the Penal Code.
A message circulating in WhatsApp is intended to help people who doubt whether they have received real $ 50 and $ 100 bills. "A lot of counterfeit banknotes circulate, almost perfect notes, often even with the test pen, the watermark, etc.", says the chain.
"There is only one way to identify, in the silver part of the 50 banknotes and 100 real shows the number 50 or 100, in the hour that moves the note is written & # 39; REAIS & # 39 ;, already on the false note only the number appears. "
Can you trust?
According to experts from Casa da Moeda, the government company responsible for printing the real banknotes, the information in the current truth is true. There is only an exaggeration: the holographic bond, called "silver" by the text, is not the only one, but one of the four indicators for the veracity of the note.
"In the banknotes of $ 50 and $ 100, the holographic band reveals the respective number and the word REAIS as you move it," says Hamilton Monteiro, an expert at the Mint. "If you do not see REAIS, just the number, it's because it's a simulation, it's not worth it."
According to the expert, the degree of complexity of the national figures is very high and they are designed so that everyone can quickly determine whether the content is true or not without the need for specialized equipment.
"The first step is to feel the role: it is rough, with information in high relief," reports Monteiro.
By touch, it is possible to identify the following information in high relief: at the front (where the image is of the Republic), the caption "REPUBLIC OF THE BONZUIDE OF BRAZIL", the figure of the bottom left in all and the upper right corner the R $ 50 and $ 100 and the side ends.
The tones of R $ 20, R $ 50 and R $ 100 are still marked in the legend "BANCO CENTRAL DO BRASIL", in the figure of the animal and in the figure – everything in the back.
In addition to the relief, all notes have watermarks with their respective values and animal representatives.
"Hold the ballot box to the light, look for it and notice that figures and numbers appear in the bright area, in the case of a $ 50 bill, the jaguar, the $ 2, the turtle, and so on," says Monteiro.
Finally, it is still possible to identify hidden values in the rectangles on the right side of the image, below the numbers.
"Place the note at eye level, in a horizontal position, in a bright spot, it will show the indicative number of the value, explains the expert." These are security guarantees for all accounts, "says Monteiro.
"All this was done to be identified with the naked eye, with some equipment you can do more tests."
According to Alexandre Magalhães, superintendent of the Department of Matrices and Artistic Projects of the Mint, the person who clearly identifies at least three of these four tips can rely on the validity of the account.
"You will already be at a very high security level," says Magalhães. "Hardly, will a forger [simular todas estas etapas]. "
APPLICATION FOR ANTI-FRAUD
Experts also suggest that people who have to deal more with cash, such as traders and taxi drivers, download the "Brazilian money" application, launched by the Central Bank in 2014 and available from the Apple Store and the Google Play Store.
"You set the mood for the camera and he [o app] will give all information about the vote. What they should or should not have is very fast, "says Monteiro." I have it on my cell phone and I've used it several times, it's really efficient, "Magellan concludes.
REFUSE ERRORS NOTE IS CRIME
Intentionally passing false invoices is a crime even if the citizen has not been the author of the forgery.
According to Article 298 of the Penal Code, he is eligible for a sentence of three to twelve years and a fine "which imports or exports for their own account or for others, acquires, sells, exchanges, transfers, lends, counterfeit currency".
The citizen who receives a false entry as true and discovers his change, passes it on, can still be punished with detention from six months to two years, in addition to the fine.
It is right to bring the note to the bank to be removed from the circulation.
If you determine that you are in possession of a fake banknote after you have executed a financial transaction, your job is to go to a bank and return it.
If it is closed at an ATM (it can happen), it is your bank's account to reimburse you.
All these options can be found on the official website of the Central Bank. You do not even have to make an incident report.