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The figures from the National Cancer Institute (INCA) point to a warning: in 2019, 60,000 new cases of breast cancer can be diagnosed in Brazil. With the first "fright" of the patient receiving this diagnosis, many women started to search about the subject and are still confronted with false news circulating around the subject, ranging from treatments to diagnoses.
According to Evandro Fallacci, a mastologist at the Women & # 39; s Clinic of the 9 th Julho Hospital in São Paulo, this news can damage the proper treatment of the disease. "Some people even give conventional treatment and medical follow-up because of false news."
Because breast cancer is most common among Brazilian women, information is an important weapon for early diagnosis and, consequently, a better response to treatment. "The credibility of information about diagnosis and treatment should always come from doctors and specialists who treat the patient," says the expert.
Below you see the most important fake news about breast cancer and the guidelines of mastologist Evandro Fallacci on the subject:
Creams, ointments or tea can cure cancer
False. None of these substances treat or prevent the disease. Evandro Fallacci explains that the changes that cause cancer start inside the cells and promote uncontrolled growth so that they can not be avoided with alternative treatments. "There are no reports in the medical literature that creams and ointments can treat cancer.Of course, maintaining a healthy life with good nutrition, regular exercise, sunblocking and good night sleep can strengthen the body, but most cancers can not be avoided, "says the doctor. Skin tumors are an exception, because they are usually prevented by the use of sunscreen.
Having silicone makes a woman more likely to get breast cancer
False. The expert explains that there are no scientific reports that the disease is caused by the use of silicone prostheses. "What often happens is that the woman worries about the aesthetics of the breast and does not regularly go to the mastologist for annual examinations, so the disease can develop without early diagnosis, but not because of the prosthesis," says.
There are combinations of pharmacy remedies that replace chemotherapy
False. Chemotherapy, surgery and radiotherapy are important steps in the treatment of breast cancer. In some cases they can be combined. "Every patient must be treated in a unique way", explains the mastologist.
Only women older than 50 can get breast cancer
False. Although rare, there are women who develop the disease earlier than most by a genetic predisposition or by other factors such as overexposure to radiation in the breast region. "That's why it's very important to do self-examination and go to the gynecologist regularly", Evandro recalls.
If the result of the mammography has changed, the patient has cancer
False. Every change must be carefully watched, either on mammography or during self-examination of the breasts. However, not all are malignant (carcinogenic). The exam can also point to cysts, nodules and calcifications. Ideally, whenever a change is detected, the patient must find a mastologist for clarification and follow-up.
Only one exam is needed to get the diagnosis of breast cancer
False. In addition to mammography, other additional tests can be performed depending on the type and volume of the breast, age and presence of breast implants and family history. Ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging are examples of complementary tests.