This Wednesday (29) the country celebrates the national holiday for tobacco control. And Catanduva could not resist keeping to the date. Tomorrow (29) students of Medicine from Unifipa will be hospitalized Emílio Carlos for an awareness campaign against smoking. In addition to the guidelines for health risks and consequences of smoking, patients will be given the opportunity to perform the "spirometry" test, which can measure the lung ventilation capacity of smoking patients. Actions are planned from 7 am to 8 am & noon. The tests are available until 11:00.
According to the Padre Albino Foundation, the campaign is due to the number of tobacco deaths in the city. In recent years, 72 people have died of lung cancer, mostly caused by tobacco use. The largest part of this number (75%) is male. According to Renato Eugênio Macchione, professor of medicine at UNIFIPA, the high number of deaths in men is related to refusal of treatment: "Many patients refuse to stop smoking, even with the diagnosis of serious diseases directly related to smoking," he confessed.
With regard to women, the sector reported that from 2015 to 2017, 57% of the female sex compared with 43% of men sought the Catanduva quit smoking stop program. "Of this number, about 43% of the patients were successful in the treatment, a result that was deemed satisfactory by the Ministry of Health," said the foundation.
According to Renato Macchione, smoking is strongly associated with cancer, since about 90% of patients with lung tumors are smokers. Cigarette smoking is also directly related to various other cancers, such as the oral cavity, larynx, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, pancreas, liver, kidney, bladder, cervix and leukemias and accounts for about 30% of deaths from the disease. Emílio Carlos Hospital assists more than 35 patients in the pulmonary outpatient clinic via SUS. Some of these visits are related to cardiorespiratory problems due to tobacco.
The World Day for Tobacco Control has been established since 1986 with the aim of raising awareness and mobilizing the public about the risks of cigarette use. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), smoking is the leading cause of preventable death on this planet and therefore it is considered a public health problem. It is estimated that about 200 thousand people die all year as a result of smoking in Brazil. That figure jumps to about 4.9 million from a global perspective.
The constant use of tobacco can cause addiction due to the presence of nicotine, which is capable of causing addiction similar to that caused by cocaine. This makes & # 39; stop & # 39; a big problem. For those who want to put an end to the habit, the Unified Health System (SUS) guarantees free treatment, drug delivery and professional follow-up.