Dengue records grow by 18% in Pernambuco

Among pregnant women suspected of having arboviruses, dengue also has a higher incidence

Among pregnant women suspected of having arboviruses, dengue also has a higher incidencePhoto: Arthur de Souza / Archivo Folha de Pernambuco

Increased photo's of dengue, zika and pregnant women with red spots throughout the body are the highlights of the last bulletin of monitoring arboviroses from the Ministry of Public Health Pernambuco (SES). The survey, in which data is collected from January to the last day of August 18, indicates an increase 18.7% in suspected cases of dengue fever compared to the same period last year. They are 15,683 suspected cases of dengue fever now by 13.212 in 2017.

In a relationship for zika the increase was unremarkable – 3.1% –, going from 611 last year to 630 now, but it demonstrates virus persistencethat was related to a series fetal malformations when it infects pregnant women. about notification of pregnant women with a symptom of dengue, zika or chikungunya the number of women who are screened and supervised is also higher. During the year 2017, 239 cases were investigated with suspicion of some arboviruses. In the first eight months of 2018, 302 records.

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The control group of the state Arboviroses, Claudenice Pontes, explains that the scenario of pregnant women with exanthema (red spots on the body), in 2017 fall into the general number of women who decided to conceive and this may have affected the fewer reports with this target group.

Another point, emphasized by Claudenice Pontes, concerns the refinement of the search for pregnant women with presumptive arboviruses. "Now we are looking for information about the largest possible banks. Today, to save the pregnant, we Sinan (Notification Aggravation Information System), what the case report would be, but we will also look into the environment manager of the laboratory of the Lacing. All exams that have been taken to testengue, chikungunya or zika in which it is marked as a pregnant patient, we are saved. Changed the road to triage, but we noticed that increased the number of pregnant women"He explains, from all pregnant women so far accompanied there is no intra-uterine microcephaly detection. Of the 302, the majority (57) tested positive for dengue, 14 for chikungunya and 10 were reactive to zika.

Like the Denguand undergoes the confirmed cases of arboviruses pregnant women, the disease has also had higher incidence in children. Among the boys and girls of 0 to 9 years, about 4,000 cases have been reported for this virus. This age group is about 177 cases per 100 thousand inhabitants, being the largest age ratio in the population. "We have observed, and this was already expected, that people born after the epidemic are more susceptible.When we look at the age group that is increasing, they are children younger than 9 years old, who had no contact with the epidemic of 1998 and 2002. , "he says.

Claudenice emphasizes that children alone are part of a risk group, but that the deterioration of the photos depends on the immune response of each individual. In the group of 10 to 19 years old, the incidence of dengue fever is also high, with a ratio of 125 per 100,000 inhabitants. In this cut there are adolescents who have passed and have not experienced epidemics. At present there is no confirmation of child mortality dengue fever. In the state this year alone a death by arbovirosis – which was due to dengue fever – whose victim was a 53-year-old woman. On the whole, 52 are suspected arboviruss.

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