The Department of Sexually Transmitted Infections (IST / AIDS) of the Municipal Health Service (SESAU) promotes on Wednesday 17, from 8 am to 2 pm, at Ary Coelho Square – Campo Grande Center – action to combat and prevent syphilis, a disease often has no symptoms and has become scary all over the country. In addition to tests to detect the infection of the disease, tests will be available for HIV and hepatitis C. The initiative integrates the series of activities performed during the month in the allusion to the National Day against Syphilis.
The coordinator of the IST service, Denise Leite Lima, explains that there are also guidelines for prevention, distribution of condoms and educational material. In case of confirmation for syphilis or for any other disease diagnosed during the test, the person is referred for treatment.
"The safest way to protect yourself from syphilis transfer is to use condoms in sexual intercourse, Syphilis is transmitted by a bacterium and has three stages of development and can initially have no symptoms, but if left untreated, it can cause various organs such as eyes. to endanger the skin, bones, heart, brain and nervous system, "says the coordinator.
The disease can also be transmitted by sharing needles or syringes or from the infected mother to the baby during pregnancy or childbirth, in this case the congenital syphilis, which can cause abortion, fetal malformation and even the death of the baby . baby.
Day D – People & # 39; s Mutirão
On Day 20 (third Saturday of the month) Day D mobilization, prevention and testing of the disease will be held in the People & # 39; s Mutirão which will take place at the municipal school Professor Tereza Rodrigues, in the Santa Emília district.
National day to fight Syphilis
The third Saturday in October is the National Day to combat Syphilis and Congenital Syphilis. The date and month are important to alert the population to the risks of contamination and the forms of prevention.
During the month of October, prevention and diagnosis actions will be intensified in all basic health units of the municipality (UBS / UBSF), with the aim of sensitizing society on this subject.
The rapid test available at UBS / UBSF are confirmatory examinations of the disease and can be performed by people of all ages. Treatment is also performed on these sites without reference to a specific site.
These actions are focused on the Syphilis no. Project, idealized in collaboration with the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Health, whose main objectives are to reduce acquired and pregnant syphilis, in addition to eliminating the congenital form of the disease.
Syphilis has a cure and is an infectious disease caused by the bacteria Treponema pallidum and transferred from one infected person to another during unprotected sex, by the transfusion of blood and the infected mother to the baby during pregnancy or childbirth. The disease can manifest itself in three phases and the main symptoms occur during the first two phases, when it is most contagious. The third phase can have no symptoms and therefore gives the wrong impression of curing the disease.
Between 7 and 20 days after unprotected sex with an infected person, the first symptoms appear to be small wounds in the genital organs and lumps (groin) in the groin. They do not hurt, they do not tickle, they do not burn and they do not give a pus. Even without treatment, these wounds can disappear without scarring, but the person remains sick and transfers the disease to unprotected sex.
Some time after the initial period of the disease, stains on different parts of the body (including hands and feet) and hair falls may occur. These symptoms also disappear and give the idea of improvement. However, the disease can remain stationary for months or years until serious complications such as blindness, paralysis, cerebrovascular disease and heart problems occur and can even lead to death.
If there are no signs and / or symptoms, a laboratory test is required. But as the research examines antibodies against the bacteria, it can only be done thirty days after the infection.
All sexually active people should be tested to diagnose syphilis, especially pregnant women, as the congenital disease can miscarry, cause poor fetal development, and / or death at birth. The research is available to the general population of all basic health units (UBS) and family health units (UBSF) and is performed by nurses.
During pregnancy, the test should be done during the 1st prenatal visit, in the third trimester of pregnancy and at the time of delivery (regardless of previous exams). Be careful during delivery to prevent residual symptoms in the baby, such as blindness, deafness and mental insufficiency.
After the diagnosis of syphilis, treatment should be started as soon as possible and recommended by the health professional. Pregnant partners must also be tested and treated to prevent reinfection of the woman. In the case of pregnant women, it is very important that the treatment is done, because this is the only method with which the mother and the baby can be treated. In cases of syphilis in the baby, the child should be taken for treatment for 10 days. The partner must also be treated to prevent reinfestation of the pregnant woman and the hospitalization of the baby. (Advisory)