One in five Brazilians wearing dentures is between 25 and 44 years old. The figures are from Ibope (Brazilian Institute for Advice and Statistics) and IBGE (Brazilian Institute for Geography and Statistics) and show how the Brazilian provides or does not care for oral health.
In 2017, 39 million Brazilians used a kind of dental prosthesis, either fixed or removable, to replace a number of teeth, or the total – the so-called prostheses, which replace all teeth.
Among these users of prostheses, 59% is female, 16% in classes A and B, 52% in class C and 32% in classes D and E.
The age of users also draws attention. While 80% is older than 45, at least one in five is between 25 and 44 years old. They are young people and adults who have lost their teeth and had to resort to prosthetics to guarantee the quality of life and self-confidence.
The number of Brazilians living without teeth is 16 million (11% of the adult population), according to the BIM. Of the people over 60, 41.5% have already lost their teeth.
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Poor hygiene and nutrition contribute to the loss of teeth
According to dentist Tânia Lacerda, of the Technical Chamber of Odontogeriatrics of the Regional Council of Dentistry of São Paulo, two factors can lead to tooth loss: trauma and poor oral hygiene.
Trauma is when the person loses his teeth because of a strong knock, an accident. The case of poor oral hygiene is caused by lack of or poor brushing and non-use of dental floss. Dentists recommend that a person brush their teeth at least three times a day: after breakfast, lunch and dinner. Ideally, flossing should be combined in brushing – if it is not possible that it is used at least every night.
The dentist says that poor hygiene can cause three problems that can lead to tooth loss: caries, gum disease – which is gum disease – and periodontitis (an inflammation in the bone tissue that supports the tooth).
In addition to a lack of brushing, nutrition can also contribute to the loss of teeth. Tania says that the reasons why Brazilians have lost their teeth have changed in recent years. There used to be no treated and fluoridated running water that protects the teeth. Fluoride applications at school or at the dentist, regular brushing and flossing were not common. "Nowadays, many Brazilians have these habits, but our diet is more acidic, rich in ultra-processed and carbohydrates, which changes the pH [índice de acidez] of the mouth, "he says.
According to the dentist, the high consumption of soft drinks, processed juices and isotonic drinks, more acid, can affect the enamel of the teeth, cause wear and erosion.
Some foods rich in carbohydrates can favor the appearance of cavities: they are called cariogenic food or free sugars. Among them, the loaves and pastas are made with white flour. In the mouth they attach themselves to a number of microorganisms and they undergo a fermentation process that produces acid and can affect tooth enamel and can promote the development of caries. The accumulation of dirt, plaque, also leads to inflammation in the gums and bone tissue that supports the tooth.
Loss of teeth compromises healthy aging
A study commissioned by the company Corega and developed by Edelman Insights shows that for people who are aging, tooth loss is the second problem that has the most impact on the quality of life – the first being pain in the body.
The study included 600 people aged between 45 and 70 between May and June this year in four Latin American countries, including Brazil. The goal was to understand how self-esteem, social relationships and quality of life are influenced by the loss of teeth in the third age.
Of the Brazilians, 42% said they did not live their lives because of the loss of teeth and 32% said that a lack of teeth prevents them from living healthier and more active.
For 38% the taste of food has deteriorated and 40% have trouble trying new food.
The problem also affects speech: 41% indicated that they had difficulty with a few words and 54% felt less self-confident to laugh or laugh in public.
Intimacy was also affected. The loss of teeth disrupts 43% of the interviewees when it comes to flirting or dating and 40% is ashamed to kiss in the mouth. Among married couples, 23% turned away from the man or woman after they had lost their teeth.
The dentist Tânia Lacerda explains that it is necessary for a prosthesis to contribute to the improvement of living conditions that it has been developed by a professional dentist specialist in prostheses who will study the size of the patient's face and determine how the teeth should be as close to the teeth as the person previously had.
In addition, the patient must be aware that the return to the dentist must be regular every six months for evaluation and maintenance of the prosthesis. "An improperly mounted prosthesis can cause serious problems, such as bone loss, and can interfere with speech and chewing," says the specialist.
Know the care and the risks before you do the teeth whitening: