São Gabriel: boys and girls must take a second dose of HPV vaccine healthcare



The Health Secretariat reports that vaccination is available in health departments for those who did not receive the first dose during the last campaign.

17/09/2018 à 15:21 | of the advice

The health secretariat of São Gabriel do Oeste has started the second phase of vaccination against HPV (Human Papilloma Virus) for adolescents who have already used the vaccine. The call comes from the Ministry of Health In Mato Grosso do Sul the expectation is to vaccinate 116,500 girls aged 9 to 14 years and 140,400 boys aged 11 to 14 years. The protection is complete only when the two doses of the vaccine are administered.

The HPV vaccine is effective and protects against various types of cancer in both women and men. To ensure vaccination of this public across the country, the Department of Health invested R $ 567 million in the purchase of 14 million vaccines. The campaign, which has no closing date, aims to immunize all boys and girls who have already received the first dose in 2017 and early 2018.

The Department of Health also informs that vaccination is available in health departments for those who have not received the first dose during the last campaign. To receive the vaccine, the adolescent must go to his health department; it is necessary to present the vaccination card.

HPV IN BRAZIL

According to a study conducted by the POP Brazil project in 2017, the estimated prevalence of HPV in Brazil is 54.3%. The study interviewed 7,586 people in the capitals of the country. The research data show that 37.6% of participants had a high risk of developing HPV for the development of cancer.

The study also indicates that 16.1% of young people have a previous Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI) or have tested positive for HIV or syphilis. The final data of this project will be made available in the report that will be presented to the Ministry of Health by the end of the year.

International studies also point to the impact of vaccination on HPV reduction. In the US, data show a decrease of 88% in the oral HPV infection rate. In Australia, the prevalence of HPV has decreased from 22.7% (2005) to 1.5% (2015) in women aged 18-24 years. Another international study shows that men in the United States, Mexico and Brazil are between the ages of 18 and 70: Brazilians (72%) have more HPV infection than Mexicans (62%) and Americans (61%).

CANCER

The HPV vaccine prevents various types of cancers from contributing to reducing the incidence of cancer in women and men. In the world, of the 2.2 million tumors caused by viruses and other infectious agents, 640,000 are caused by HPV.

The vaccine used in the country prevents 70% of the cancers of the cervix, 90% of the anal cancer, 63% of the cancer of the penis, 70% of the cancers of the vagina, 72% of the cancers of the the oropharynx and 90% of the genital warts. In addition, HPV vaccines protect against cervical pre-cancer in women 15 to 26 years of age, associated with HPV16 / 18. Vaccines are safe and do not increase the risk of serious adverse events, miscarriage or termination of pregnancy.

SCHOOLS

The Ministry of Health sent information material about diseases to the Ministry of Education. The idea is to encourage teachers to talk about the subject with students and family. Brazil is the first country in South America and the seventh in the world to offer an HPV vaccine for children in national immunization programs.

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