Expert revealed a high prevalence of HIV in Bulgaria – BLITZ



Bulgaria is a country with low HIV prevalence among the total population – 2.8 per 100 000, that is – twice the average for the European Union – 5.7 per 100 000 inhabitants. This is what Dr. Maria Zamfirova, head of the Department of Promotion and Prevention, Directorate "Promotion and Prevention of Diseases and Addiction", told the Ministry of Health about the opening of the National Summer Anti-AIDS Campaign.

According to her, the National Program for the Prevention and Control of HIV and Sexually Transmitted Infections in the country achieves sustainable maintenance of the low level of HIV prevalence among the general population and the development of a concentrated epidemic among the groups with the highest risk. "In the period 1986 – 03.08.2018, a total of 2,876 people with HIV infection were registered in Bulgaria, and 161 new seropositive people have been detected since the start of this year" Zamfirova.

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She specified that the number of registered cases increased year by year, with the newly registered 241 in 2017. According to her, the increase in the number of newcomers is due annually to the increase in the number of HIV cases through the active provision of voluntary counseling. and HIV testing of the groups the greatest risk. "The trend in recent years is that the number of newly registered men is many times higher than that of infected women, such as the proportion of infected men and women via HIV / AIDS." Standing 6: 1 (139 men and 22 women) , "Dr. said. Zamfirova.

According to her, 90% of the newly infected with HIV infection are sexually infected and 9% are infected with injecting drug use. "This year is most affected by the age group 30-39 years – 44%, followed by the age group 20-29 – 25%," she said. According to the surveys it is clear that the recorded cases are mainly concentrated in the larger regions of the country: Sofia – 67 persons, Plovdiv – 15 persons, Varna – 9 persons, Burgas – 7 persons, Kyustendil and Blagoevgrad – 6 persons, 5 people in the following region & # 39; s: Stara Zagora and Rousse, 4 persons in the region & # 39; s: Pernik and Pazardzhik, 3 persons in the region & # 39; s: Pleven, Vratsa, Lovech, Veliko Tarnovo , Silistra, Sofia district, Razgrad and a few cases in other areas.

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"The biggest success is that despite the still stigma and discrimination we have reached thousands of people from the most vulnerable, every year there is an increase in the number of people who have been tested for HIV and have learned their results," she said.

According to her words, more than 162,000 people have been tested for HIV from the start of 2018 to July.


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