Usually the culmination of summer diseases is between June and September, when this is the most pronounced period. Dr. Radina Andonova, part of the Infectious Diseases Clinic team at MMA, said in an interview with BGN
According to her, most of our infectious diseases have seasonal character. For this reason, we can focus on what we can expect in the next season. The classical influenza virus that we observe in the winter is circulating throughout the year, but summer is much less common. "What we commonly call summer flu are other viral infections, but with flu-like symptoms, we say flu, because we always associate the flu with the temperature, with the general exhaustion expressed, with the characteristic general infectious syndrome – the muscle breakdown that the patient has , the pain in the muscles, the joints, the nausea, the anorexia that can also be seen in the patients ", the doctor added. However, all this is the toxin-infectious syndrome that is characteristic of most of our infectious diseases. "This is the flu-like symptom that, apart from the classical flu, we also perceive other diseases, so we confuse and often say: summer flu," Dr. Radina Andonova. According to her, summer viruses are other viruses, the most common are enteroviral infections
They are a large number of viruses, there are several types related to them. These are the coxaux viral infections, the strong enteroviruses, the echoviruses, the polioviruses, the poliovirus – this is a disease that we fortunately do not see in Bulgaria right now thanks to the vaccine. "Here is the time to say how important it is to place vaccines on those that are mandatory in the immunization calendar," she explained. All of them are called enrovirus because they spread and multiply in the enterocytes – the cells in the gastrointestinal tract, because we are infected by the faecal-oral route. That is, if we have not washed our hands, if the fruit or food is contaminated and we have consumed it without heat treatment or without being thoroughly washed, we can become infected. A small number of these viruses can be transmitted via air dump but significantly less often. "That's why it's more common in the summer – we prefer eating outside, eating not always well-controlled places, especially when we're on vacation, unlike in winter when respiratory infections have the upper hand because of closed spaces and closed teams," said Dr. Andonova. She also emphasized that the "summer" infection is very specific for small children in general because we can not always judge the strict control or wash the hands, what they touch
Depending on the type, enteroviral infections also have a other syndrome, but usually we see skin rash. "They can be very varied and often confused with other diseases that occur with skin rashes – work, measles, etc. It must be remembered that enteroviruses start with a very pronounced toxigenic syndrome – a temperature of 39-40 degrees, sometimes 41 degrees. When it comes to young children, they naturally have very pronounced general fatigue, severe headaches and skin rashes, where we can observe the so-called foot-and-mouth disease, which is very characteristic of the summer season, "explained the doctor.
The hergengine is also common. We say angina pectoris because it looks like high fever and sore throat, but it is actually a viral disease that is caused by enteroviruses again, "said Dr. Andonova The herbangini is again typical of small children – fever, bubbles that form in the lining of the oral cavity, and when they burst, they become very painful.Any typical symptom is diarrhea
The specialist noted that rotaviruses also occur with temperature and diarrhea. "Child diarrhea can be much more dangerous than an older person with a normal immune system. The reason is that children become dehydrated much faster. That is, if we are on holiday and see that the child is feverish, if there is vomiting and multiple diarrhea stools that can not be treated within 24 hours, it is good to visit a medical professional, " explained the doctor
Adults can also dry out, of course, but these diseases are most common in people who have accompanying illnesses.In patients with heart disease, dehydration would be very dangerous because a large amount of potassium and sodium electrolytes is lost related to cardiac function People with diabetes mellitus also experience a more serious syndrome In an adult's healthy body, the disease generally passes itself for about 5 to 7 days