World Mosquito Day: 5 of the deadliest diseases spread through mosquito fitness

Worldmugging Day is observed on August 20 to commemorate the discovery of the British physician Sir Ronald Ross & # 39; 1897 that female mosquitoes transmit malaria to humans. A small snack is sufficient to make you sick of life-threatening diseases. Here are 5 of the deadliest diseases that are spread by mosquitoes:

* Malaria
Malaria is caused by parasites transmitted by bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes. Some of the best ways to prevent malaria are insecticide-treated mosquito nets, inner syringes with insecticides and medicines against malaria. Quinine is a medicine that is used to treat malaria.

* Dengue
dengue fever infection causes flu-like illness. World Health Organization (WHO) says the worldwide incidence of dengue has increased dramatically in recent decades and about half of the world's population is at increased risk. Dropout can be found in tropical and subtropical climates and usually in urban areas. Although there is no specific treatment for dengue, early detection lower mortality rates.

* Zika virus

Zika viral disease is caused by a virus transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes, which bite during the day. The symptoms are mild and include fever, skin rash, conjunctivitis, muscle and joint pain or headache, which lasts 2 to 7 days. What makes the matter more difficult is that most people do not develop symptoms. If contracted during pregnancy, this may cause babies to be born with microcephaly and other congenital abnormalities, known as the congenital Zika syndrome. It can also cause premature birth and miscarriage.

* Chikungunya

Chikungunya spreads through the bite of the Aedes aegypti mosquito, which also causes dengue. Symptoms include headache, fever, nausea, vomiting and muscle pain. An acute infection can last for several weeks.

* Yellow fever

Yellow fever is an acute viral haemorrhagic disease transmitted by infected mosquitoes. Symptoms of yellow fever are fever, headache, jaundice (hence the name "yellow" fever), muscle pain, nausea, vomiting and fatigue. A small proportion of patients who contract the virus develop severe symptoms and half of the patients die within 7 to 10 days. Epidemics of yellow fever occur when infected people introduce the virus in areas of high mulch density and where people have little or no immunity due to a lack of vaccination.

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First published: 20 August 2018 09:39 IST

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