As we enter the second half of 2018, some countries already have a leading role in using their renewable resources. Solar is the fastest growing in a large part of Latin America, a mix of prices, resources and good government policy.
Renewable Lieutenancy / CLEAN ENERGY XXI. In Latin America, energetic reforms have been implemented over the last five years that have led to an exponential development of renewable renewable energy sources, primarily solar energy, which has become the most affordable and accessible renewable technology worldwide.
Solar energy is so important that in countries like Colombia it is part of a new program called PaZa la Corriente, which brings light and hope to areas that have been overshadowed for years by armed conflicts and drug trafficking. Colombia is in first place in Latin America and number 8 worldwide in the field of renewable energy according to the Global Index of Performance Architecture (EAPI) of the World Economic Forum, which for the fifth year the performance of energy systems in the countries classifies and observes the trends in the global energy transition. The country is in eighth place in the world ranking and is the first non-European nation to appear in the top 10. Clean Energy XXI emphasizes that projects are registered for generating 12,000 megawatts of energy, of which more than 3,000 use wind sources and the sun. This year the 9.8 MW largest solar power plant in Colombia went into operation.
Argentina is making progress
Argentina, which had remained indifferent and indifferent to the renewable revolution, began to break the ice and promote solar energy. Since 2016, it has carried out 147 projects in 21 provinces for a total of nearly 4500 MW. Of the concessions of the Ministry of Energy and Mining of the Nation 41 there are solar panels, 34 windmills, 18 biomass, 14 small hydropower plants, 36 biogas and 4 biogas cartridges. In Jujuy, for example, there is a populated 100% solar energy that has shown the change that has arisen in Argentina. The country expects to generate 8% of its national energy matrix within a few years using renewable sources.
The Chilean wonder
On the other hand, countries like Chile that in 2012 the country only had 5 MW of solar energy today had more than 362 MW and 873 MW under construction and planning.
OJO. Chile leads solar revolution in Latin America with millionaire investments and a solid legal framework for domestic and foreign companies Green Tech Media (GMT), points out that Latin America was the region that showed the highest growth in solar energy in 2014, with a production of 625 MW, it corresponds to a growth of 370% compared to the previous year.
Within the countries that make up the continent, Chile is the leader in the integration of this type of energy. According to the Clean Energy XXI website, the report states that "Chile, with its strong market for large-scale services, led photovoltaic installations in 2014, accounting for more than three-quarters of the total in Latin America." He also added that "Chile installed twice the amount of the annual total for Latin America in the fourth quarter of 2013.
According to the study, the most relevant is that Chile 2013 started with just 11 megawatts of installed solar capacity. The speed with which the country has advanced has positioned it as the leader of the region, above Mexico and Brazil, in terms of growth.
Clean Energy Data XXI indicates that Chile has invested more than USD 7,000 million over the past seven years in the development of renewable projects that also include biomass, hydropower and wind.
The government of former president Michelle Bachelet has approved more than 80 solar and wind projects since she took office.
Renewable energy is now cheaper than electricity sold on the spot market in Chile and, at a time when global demand for copper is expected to increase, the demand for energy in the mines of the Atacama desert will also increase. In addition, the working solar power stations and the installations that will soon enter the system will exceed 1,400 MW in the very near future.
In 2013, renewable energy investments in the 26 countries of Latin America and the Caribbean amounted to 14,000 million dollars, of which 94 percent (13,000 million) corresponded to Brazil, Chile, Uruguay, Mexico and Peru, according to data from Climatescope 2014.
President Evo Morales also promotes the use of clean energy by implementing wind and solar energy projects. At the end of 2018 it is projected that an installation of 60 MW in Uyuni will be inaugurated and in March another 5 MW solar plant will be inaugurated.
Mexico has dedicated a factory of 2.3 million solar panels that write history in 2018
With three completed electricity auctions, 65 new power plants will be built in the next three years, 40 solar and 25 wind power plants, with an estimated investment of 8,600 million dollars. The achieved prizes are among the lowest in the world, with offers that reached in the last competition, the $ 17.7 per megawatt hour for the wind and $ 19.7 for the photovoltaic solar energy.
Countries like Peru also promote the use of solar energy. The challenge for the sector is to give 2.2 million Peruvians from rural areas energy by expanding non-conventional networks and solutions such as solar panels, for which it will award a project for financing, installation, operation and maintenance of up to 500 thousand solar panels.
Central America is also showing significant progress
In Panama, 31 companies participated last year in the first tender for the procurement of large-scale solar energy. Iván Barría, General Manager of the Electric Transmission Company (ETESA) said that "through this tender of 66 MW private investments in renewable energy will be stimulated, which will result in about 120 million dollars." This year, the National Energy Secretariat of Panama reported that nine solar parks could be developed in the short term, three in Chiriquí and six in Coclé.
Guatemala has one of the largest photovoltaic plants in the region with 5 MW capacity and around 20,000 solar panels. This week Eduardo Font, General Manager of the paper industry Painsa, said that they are planning an investment of 12 million dollars in an 8 MW solar plant. The country has also increased the use of solar energy at home. Small hotels explore different alternatives for generating energy with radiation, as reported by the Association of Small Hotels in Guatemala (Asopehgua).
El Salvador The German Development Bank (KFW) has granted El Salvador a loan of 30 million dollars for loans to small and medium-sized enterprises for renewable energy, mainly solar energy. The government of El Salvador and three electricity companies signed four contracts for the production and delivery of 94 megawatts of solar energy for an amount of nearly 250 million dollars. The energy is supplied by the companies Neoen-Almaval UDP (60 megawatts); Solar energy development (20); and UDP project La Trinidad, notes the Clean Energy XXI report.
Honduras It is the leading country in the field of solar energy throughout Central America and the third country with growth in Latin America. In a short time he has installed a dozen solar panels in Choluteca and other regions of the country. The growth is admirable, even though it is a small country, the growth of its investments in the sector is starting to change things.
Costa Rica In 2013, China and Costa Rica signed agreements for $ 30 million to finance the installation of 50,000 solar panels. Also at the beginning of this year the Costa Rican Institute for Electricity (ICE) announced the arrival of a pilot plan for the use of residential solar energy with the aim of reaching 600 thousand customers. In the past 7 years, 1,700 million dollars have been invested in solar, wind, hydropower and renewable energy projects. Several companies in Costa Rica have started to introduce solar energy projects to ensure more favorable production costs and reduce environmental pollution.