Human papillomavirus, sexually transmitted, can cause mouth and throat cancer



Perhaps you did not know it, but tumors can develop in very different places, much less well known than the breasts, the lungs or the cervix. For example, they grow in the mouth, tongue, larynx or pharynx.

And then you probably did not know that, although in these cases we call the most famous "detractors": smoking, excessive consumption of alcohol and personal and / or family history, it is becoming more and more common that it is associated with infection with human papillomavirus (HPV), especially oropharyngeal tumors (located in the part of the throat behind the oral cavity

HPV is a sexually transmitted virus, and in this type of cancer it is related to unprotected oral sex contacts.

"In Unlike the more 'classic' tumors of the head and neck, related to smoking, alcohol and family history, dependent HPV are detected in young people, "said Juan José Zarbá head of the Oncology department of the health center, but there is good news: they have a better prognosis than the classics & # 39;

What should be noted

Of the total diagnoses of head and neck cancer 44% corresponds to the mouth; 33% of the tumors are in the larynx and the remaining 23% in the pharynx. Sores in the mouth that do not heal after five days and pain in the mouth that persists – according to the American Cancer Society – the most common symptoms. But lumps or thickening of the cheek, swallowing or chewing may also occur (see "Warning signs"). Fortunately, about 9 out of 10 cases can be detected by a specialist simply by examining the mouth. And that's crucial

"If diagnosed early, head and neck tumors have a very favorable prognosis: they reach a cure rate of between 75 and 80%, but as the disease progresses, this percentage of success is significantly reduced, hence importance of early diagnosis, "reported Raúl Giglio head of the oncology of the functional unit of head and neck tumors of the angel H. Roffo Institute of Oncology, UBA.

"Historically it was a more prevalent condition in men: for every 10 of them only one woman became ill, but according to the growth of female smoking since the 1960s, the relationship has become equal and today the prevalence is is the same for both sexes ", says Patricia Masquijo Bisio dentist at Roffo. 19659002] Early Detection

For this reason, all men and women are invited by health centers around the country to participate in the free "Sacate the Language of Cancer" 2018, whose purpose is to detect early tumors that develop in the mouth. In the adjoining centers a professional will examine the patient's mouth and inform about the risk factors. In case that lesions requiring more control are observed, the corresponding clinical follow-up will be performed.

In Tucumán the campaign will be carried out at the UNT School of Dentistry (see: "Teach your tongue about cancer") and it does not sound strange (although the words are right): one of the specialties of dentists is stomatology. It is the branch of that profession that is responsible for the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of diseases of the stomatognatic system. This includes not only the teeth but also the gums, tongue, palate, oral mucosa, salivary glands and other involved anatomical structures, such as lips, tonsils, oropharynx and the joint between the temporal bone and the lower jaw.

"One of the most important allies of the early diagnosis of oral cancer is the dentist: it is the most common contact between a health professional who can recognize the pathology and the mouth of the affected people, so it is essential that professionals know the condition to suspect it and refer the patient to the specialist, "said Marcela Rzepka Valsangiacomo head of the Roffo Dental Service.

> Figures disturbing
650,000
new cases of head and neck cancer are discovered each year in the world

350,000
annual deaths in the world caused head and neck cancer [19659002] > Warning signals
– An ulcer in the mouth that does not heal (it is the most common symptom)
– Pain in the mouth that persists (it is also very common)
– A lump in the mouth neck or thickening of the cheek
– A white or red zone above the gums, the tongue, tonsils or the inside of the mouth
– Sore throat or the feeling that something is stuck in the throat that does not go away
– Difficulties with chewing or swallowing, or for jaw or tongue
– Numbness of the tongue or other part of the mouth
– Sore throat or feeling something stuck in the throat that does not go
– Swelling of the jaw that makes the prostheses do not adjust or feel uncomfortable

> Teach the tongue to the cancer
In the dental school the prevention of oropharyngeal tumors will be done

The early detection campaign, which will be carried out in the The whole country will be in charge of the Tucumán chair of the Chair of Semiology and Stomatology of the Faculty of Dentistry of the UNT. The title of the chairman, Ana Ansonaud, has informed the interested parties – who are expected to be many – on Tuesday 28, Wednesday 29 and Thursday 30 in that faculty (Av. Benjamín Aráoz to 800, San Miguel de Tucumán) will be present. August, between 14 and 18. No need to shift and the exam is free. Interested parties have to go to the chair.


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