What is cholera and how is it transferred?



The word "anger"became one of the most sought-after concepts of the Chileans during this Thursday and Friday Google.

This, after the Ministry of Health (Minsal) will report that there are 13 suspected cases of cholera in the country, of which 7 have already been confirmed by the Institute of Public Health (ISP). They are residents of the Metropolitan region, only three of whom require hospitalization.

In the meantime, two other cases showed a negative culture and four are being studied.

This Friday, the State Secretary for Health, Paula Daza, that there is still no conclusive answer about why they came into being, and that "the hypothesis we have is that they could be irrigated waters that could be contaminated but the truth is that it is still not true, it would not be serious if I gave you an answer. & # 39;

What is cholera?

The World Health Organization (WHO) explains that cholera corresponds to a acute diarrhea disease caused by the ingestion of food or water contaminated with the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.

The Minsal states on his website that cholera in its most serious manifestation it produces an image that quickly leads to dehydration.

"The infection is usually benign or asymptomatic, but sometimes it can be serious, about one in 20 infected people can have the disease in severe condition, characterized by excessive watery diarrhea, vomiting and numbness in the legs, fast body fluids lead to dehydration and exhaustion. Without adequate treatment, death can occur within a few hours, "warns the body.

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<p style=This pathology is still a global threat to public health: in the world between 1.3 and 4 million cases have been diagnosedand between 21 thousand and 143 thousand deaths derived from this.

How is it sent?

The Ministry of Health clarifies that cholera is usually obtained by ingesting contaminated food or water. Someone can get anger drinking fluid or eating food contaminated with cholera bacteria.

Meanwhile, during an epidemic, the source of infection is usually the excrement of an infected person. The disease can spread rapidly in areas with inadequate treatment of drinking water and wastewater.

Cholera bacteria can also live in healthy rivers and coastal waters. Person-to-person transfer is rare; therefore, accidental contact with an infected person does not pose a risk of contracting the disease. The incubation period is 2 to 3 days, with a range of a maximum of 0 to 5 days.

How to prevent cholera?

The measures to prevent cholera contamination are almost all linked to actions of washing and hygiene of humans, the environment and food:

– Always drink drinking water. If you do not have it, you have to cook it for at least 3 minutes, let it cool down and store it in a clean container.

– Wash your hands with soap and water when handling and preparing food, before eating and after going to the bathroom or moving infants.

– Keep bathrooms and kitchens clean.

– Clean and disinfect mesons and casings where food is prepared.

– Keep refrigerated food and the refrigerator clean.

– Treat raw food such as meat, fish, seafood and vegetables that grow on the ground floor.

– Eat well-cooked food, especially meat, chicken, eggs, fish and seafood.

– Do not use homemade mayonnaise.

– Maintaining food at safe temperatures, ie chilled foods at less than 5 ° C and hot dishes at temperatures above 65 ° C.

– Eat boiled fruit, vegetables and fruits that grow on the ground floor.

– Buy and consume food in authorized buildings by the corresponding regional Ministry of Health.



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