Original title:[解局]China 5G is banned in Australia: "Only because we are a Chinese company"
Canberra, "the capital of the democratic world", is certainly no name. On Friday, Australian Premier Turnbull said goodbye because of a large number of suspicious votes in the party. Former finance minister Scott Morrison became the sixth prime minister in a decade.
In the sixth year of the decade, Madame Tussauds stopped the wax museum in Sydney to indicate that Turnbull's unfinished wax figures did not, and whether it was worthwhile to continue to wax the Australian prime minister.
In the past ten years, the Prime Minister of Australia has not changed much, but there has not been much growth. "Six years ago, the Australian government banned Huawei's bid on national broadband network (NBN) on grounds of" national security ", on the 23rd, Australia. For the same reason Huawei is prohibited from participating in the national 5G construction.
The reason behind this is that John Lord, chairman of the board of directors of Huawei Australia, said: "This is not because we have done something wrong, but because we are a Chinese company."
Before we talk about politics, let's talk about technology first. Technology is the basis for discussion in Huawei.
There are two basic concepts in mobile communication network technology: one is the core network (CN) and the other is the radio network (RAN). The main function of the core network is to provide an interface to the external network as a carrier network, and the radio access network is responsible for providing a communication link between the device (mobile phone, computer, etc.) and the core network.
In other words, for the national region, the core network is mainly external, such as the bridgehead: the radio access network is mainly internal, such as a doorman. The two are separated.
What is 5G? It is the next generation of mobile communications network technology after 4G, which will greatly increase the degree of digitization of human society. But 5G and 4G have no difference in the entire network architecture and the relationship between the core network and the access network is exactly the same as 4G. Moreover, thanks to the introduction of stronger encryption algorithms, privacy protection and authentication mechanisms, security is actually stronger than 4G.
The 5G core network is defined by the 3GPP (3rd Generation Partnership Project) of the International Standards Organization, and in addition, as the evolution of 4G technology, 5G follows the 3GPP standard and under the framework defined by the 3GPP standard , the 5G radio access network does not do Perceive business, does not involve DPI and does not touch pipeline data.
In other words, regardless of what "porter" is, in fact he does not know what is in the box he was moving. This is the non-core part of Huawei's offer in Australia since the 4G era.
John Lord, a former Australian back admiral, also said during a press conference in June: "Huawei Australia will keep the Australian data in the country." What we need to do is ensure data security in Australia, there is no reason to pass the data to China. "
As Australia's largest 4G network technology provider, Huawei 4G has not been considered a security risk by the Australian government and has not had an incident threatening its national security for the past 15 years.
So the question is: in the light of 5G with the same network framework as 4G, where has the Australian government discovered the "crime"?
First let me talk about the answer. The & # 39; original sin & # 39; worn by Huawei is not technology, no Chinese enterprises, but ideological bias.
The official statement from the Australian government is still clear –
On the 23rd, in the "5G Security Guide for Australian Operators" jointly published by the Minister of Communications and the Acting Minister of Home Affairs, there was a sentence: "The government believes that there is a conflict with Australian law and is subject to legal procedures from foreign governments The participation of suppliers in 5G-related construction will prevent Australian operators from fully protecting 5G networks from unauthorized access and interference. "
If this sentence does not seem to be naming the name, it will circumvent the two other 5G communications equipment, the giants Nokia and Ericsson, who are also foreign companies, who trade directly on Huawei.
Statement from Huawei Australia: "Huawei and ZTE are not allowed to supply 5G technology to Australia"
"This is a disappointing result for the consumer"
Not only that, according to the government of the Australian government, before the final decision is made, the Australian government hopes that the Australian intelligence agencies can take a tough action against Huawei and release a report that Huawei can ban.
Regardless of the content of this report, the study of predetermined results is inversely proportional to the ridiculousness.
Not far from Yin Jian is Australia, just like the United States, which was surrounded by McKinsey in the 1950s.
Australia's "Sydney Morning Herald" commented: "China is now a particularly sensitive subject in Canberra, anyone who stands up to support a well-known Chinese company is equivalent to political suicide." Previously "spying on Chinese students theory", "Members accept the Chinese sponsorship theory, etc. The" China threat theory "that has been entrenched in Australia has always been blurry.
In this context both the conservative right Turnbull who has just resigned, as well as the conservative Morrison who published the 5G security guide yesterday as Acting Minister of Home Affairs, and the left Labor Party members have not come to an end. China adopts a difficult attitude. Even the Congressman of the Labor Party, Michael Dandy, has made such a mistake, as if everything happened in public: "Huawei and ZTE must report to the Chinese Communist Party at the top."
Australia will announce a general election next year: the ruling Liberal Party with low moral, chaotic cadres and the opposition party, the Labor Party, wants the & # 39; China Threat Theory & # 39; do not let go.
On the one hand, politicians create hostility and panic, and on the other they are enveloped by hostility and panic. Left and right are all voices.
It is clear that the Australian government has left behind the real national interest and is committed to the constructivist logic of the national identity & # 39; has turned.
The logic is simply: who has the same background background, with whom he plays. It sounds like a child, but it is essentially different from a family. The difference is that such a quirky will definitely damage the real interests of Australia.
After all, in a market without competition, the final costs are ultimately borne by Australian companies and consumers. It is in particular the quality service provider of Huawei that is difficult to replace in the world. The chief strategy officer of Vodafone in Australia has risen and accused the government's decision to bring uncertainty in the development of the company. "This decision will fundamentally undermine the future of the Australian 5G construction."
On the 23rd, Lu Hao, Foreign Ministry spokesperson, said at a regular press conference: "The Chinese government consistently encouraged Chinese companies to enter into foreign economic cooperation based on international rules and local laws. The essence of Chinese Australian cooperation between companies is mutually beneficial and win-win, and the party must facilitate cooperation between the two countries, which is not only in the interest of Chinese companies, but also in the interest of Australian companies and consumers. "
This is not to say anything. China's own attitude towards 5G construction has always been open and win-win. For example, Nokia and Ericsson are involved in the 5G project in China. In April of this year, Nokia won a major contract for the construction of the 5G mobile network in China and together they built 13 urban metro networks and 2 provincial backbone networks with China Mobile.
Is the Chinese government not concerned about security issues? It is not. Because there is no security problem at all.
Therefore, Australia can not accept manufacturers of communications equipment from China, in fact it is a bit like the United States can tolerate 200 atomic heads in the UK, but can not tolerate this in Iran. The real reason is not on the table.
Text / 百里 明 颐