On August 27, NASA & # 39; s first manned Mars mission may have to wait a few more years.But we already know about the design of the space habitat in which future astronauts live and astronauts can use it as a transit point to Mars, asteroids or other targets in the deep space.
More than a week ago, space giant Lockheed Martin announced an early model design for a deep-space habitat at the Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Florida, USA. This cylindrical model was renovated from the spacecraft magazine of the spacecraft, which is approximately 6.7 meters long and 5 meters wide. It is much larger than the Russian Union used to transport astronauts to and from the international space station, but it is much smaller than the space station. The international ISS space station consists of 16 pressurized modules that cover more than one football field.
For the four astronauts who are going to perform Mars missions in deep space, it is likely that they will feel a bit pressure in life in space that lasts for 60 days. Bill Pratt, who is in charge of the deep space habitat project at Lockheed Martin, said: "It looks very much like living in a recreational vehicle and you have to constantly change the room." The couch and the table will become your bed. things have to keep moving back and forth. "
In addition to the sleeping area, this habitat will also be equipped with toilets, fitness facilities, storage rooms, science labs and kitchens. The habitat is designed as a module of the deep space channel of NASA, and the deep space channel, a micro space station, will orbit around the orbit of the moon and serve as a transit point for performing moon missions or deep space missions.
The prototype, built by Lockheed Martin, was a renovated Donatello warehouse that was originally designed to be placed in the shuttle's warehouse and to deliver supplies and supplies to the International Space Station. Donatello has never been in space, but his two sister modules have made several space trips on the space shuttle. One of them, known as Leonardo, has now become a permanent "space cabin" on the international space station ISS.
Lockheed Martin is one of six companies that signed a $ 65 million contract with NASA to design a deep space habitat for NASA as a NASA NextSTEP project (a new generation space) Part of the Discovery Technology Partner Program, the goal of this project is to promote the commercial development of space research.
Boeing, ATK Rail, Bigelow Space, Sierra Nevada and NanoRacks all build their own space habitats. Lockheed Martin plans to complete the prototype of the module in November. At the beginning of next year, NASA will test and evaluate the various designs submitted by partners.