The time of alternative energy




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Energy is the guideline of economic and social development. As in the twentieth century, primary sources of fossil fuels were imposed, in the 21st century non-conventional sources of renewable energy (FNCER) were imposed. This is the trend throughout the world and Colombia is moving in the same direction.

Colombia had taken the first step in 2001 with the enactment of law 697 to promote the rational and efficient use of energy. The Congress of the Republic adopted the Law 1844 of 2017 that ratified the Paris Convention. Colombia promoted the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and approved them and implemented them through CONES 3918 of 2018, while committing to reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 20% by 2030.

According to FEM's Global Performance Index of Energy Architecture (EAPI), which evaluates 18 indicators and 3 areas (growth and economic development, environmental sustainability, access to energy and safety), Colombia ranked 8th in 127 countries in 2017. studied and the 1st in Latin America, followed by Uruguay, which finished in 10th place. It is often said that we have a "good, beautiful and cheap" energy.

But this is not so true, so we have to be careful that we do not fall into the trap of complacency. And we do not oppose strorooking, we say it because what is a power of its energy matrix, as well as a share of 70% in the generation of hydropower is also his Achilles heel. Due to climate change, this has become the major vulnerability of the Colombian electricity system to the recurring El Niño phenomenon.

With the issuance of Law 1715 of 2014, written by Senator José David Name and with our support from the Ministry of Mines and Energy, Colombia has taken a decisive step in the right direction. The three fundamental axes of this law are: the reconversion of the energy matrix, the promotion of the FNCER, energy efficiency, in which the user of the energy service will play a dominant role, which will no longer be a passive agent of the chain in order to interact with the network operator and the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.

In its progress, both in its regulation and in its implementation, the law has encountered resistance to change. This is the case of the Mayor of Bogota Enrique Peñalosa who wanted to reject the importance of replacing the Transmilenio fleet with an electrically articulated statement that "the electric motors have not yet been invented".

And it turns out that the Volvo, which was the main supplier of the Mass Transit System in Bogota, announced that they will not produce internal combustion engines from 2020. Nor is it correct if he claims that the inclusion of this alternative to the articulated fleet would increase costs, which would increase the price of tickets for his users. It is certain that a bus with an electric motor, thanks to its greater energy efficiency, covers 85% more distance than the one that works with a diesel engine with the same equivalent energy consumption.

On the other hand, some of the already established generation companies, as is the case with EPM de Medellín, are elusive and cautious about the alternative of unconventional energies. This is how her manager Jorge Londoño asked the government to "respect technological neutrality and allow the market to judge and choose the best options".

They are wrong in that. In Colombia electricity is difficult to share with 17% of the final energy consumption; For example, the industry in Colombia depends on 80% of the fossil-based, highly polluting energies. That is why the challenge is to electrify the economy and in this way there will be enough space for everyone, both for current players and for new players entering the market.

The Minister of Mines and Energy, María Fernanda Suárez, said: "We assume that there will be room for the development of renewable and non-renewable resources, you do not have to choose between the two, you need them all. The FNCER do not come to replace or replace the conventional sources of power generation, they are the necessary supplement and the long thing that is sought is the convergence and coupling of both, they support each other and we go to hybrid solutions. should work according to the principles of complementarity, coincidence and subsidiarity, thus gaining energy security, resilience, firmness, reliability of the energy system and reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.

Bogotá, September 29, 2018

www.amylkaracosta.net

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Energy is the guideline of economic and social development. As in the twentieth century, primary sources of fossil fuels were imposed, in the 21st century non-conventional sources of renewable energy (FNCER) were imposed. This is the trend throughout the world and Colombia is moving in the same direction.

Colombia had taken the first step in 2001 with the enactment of law 697 to promote the rational and efficient use of energy. The Congress of the Republic adopted the Law 1844 of 2017 that ratified the Paris Convention. Colombia promoted the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and approved them and implemented them through CONES 3918 of 2018, while committing to reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 20% by 2030.

According to FEM's Global Performance Index of Energy Architecture (EAPI), which evaluates 18 indicators and 3 areas (growth and economic development, environmental sustainability, access to energy and safety), Colombia ranked 8th in 127 countries in 2017. studied and the 1st in Latin America, followed by Uruguay, which finished in 10th place. It is often said that we have a "good, beautiful and cheap" energy.

But this is not so true, so we have to be careful that we do not fall into the trap of complacency. And we do not oppose strorooking, we say it because what is a power of its energy matrix, as well as a share of 70% in the generation of hydropower is also his Achilles heel. Due to climate change, this has become the major vulnerability of the Colombian electricity system to the recurring El Niño phenomenon.

With the issuance of Law 1715 of 2014, written by Senator José David Name and with our support from the Ministry of Mines and Energy, Colombia has taken a decisive step in the right direction. The three fundamental axes of this law are: the reconversion of the energy matrix, the promotion of the FNCER, energy efficiency, in which the user of the energy service will play a dominant role, which will no longer be a passive agent of the chain in order to interact with the network operator and the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.

In its progress, both in its regulation and in its implementation, the law has encountered resistance to change. This is the case of the Mayor of Bogota Enrique Peñalosa who wanted to reject the importance of replacing the Transmilenio fleet with an electrically articulated statement that "the electric motors have not yet been invented".

And it turns out that the Volvo, which was the main supplier of the Mass Transit System in Bogota, announced that they will not produce internal combustion engines from 2020. Nor is it correct if he claims that the inclusion of this alternative to the articulated fleet would increase costs, which would increase the price of tickets for his users. It is certain that a bus with an electric motor, thanks to its greater energy efficiency, covers 85% more distance than the one that works with a diesel engine with the same equivalent energy consumption.

On the other hand, some of the already established generation companies, as is the case with EPM de Medellín, are elusive and cautious about the alternative of unconventional energies. This is how her manager Jorge Londoño asked the government to "respect technological neutrality and allow the market to judge and choose the best options".

They are wrong in that. In Colombia electricity is difficult to share with 17% of the final energy consumption; For example, the industry in Colombia depends on 80% of the fossil-based, highly polluting energies. That is why the challenge is to electrify the economy and in this way there will be enough space for everyone, both for current players and for new players entering the market.

The Minister of Mines and Energy, María Fernanda Suárez, said: "We assume that there will be room for the development of renewable and non-renewable resources, you do not have to choose between the two, you need them all. The FNCER do not come to replace or replace the conventional sources of power generation, they are the necessary supplement and the long thing that is sought is the convergence and coupling of both, they support each other and we go to hybrid solutions. should work according to the principles of complementarity, coincidence and subsidiarity, thus gaining energy security, resilience, firmness, reliability of the energy system and reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.

Bogotá, September 29, 2018

www.amylkaracosta.net


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