Travelers from countries with a risk of yellow fever can enter Nicaragua after six days of vaccination against the disease, as provided by the Ministry of Health (Minsa) through a reform of the entry requirements for the country. country.
In February of this year, MINSA warned that positive cases of yellow fever in seven countries of the continent would require travelers to apply the vaccine at least 10 days before entering the country to prevent the disease. This provision was in effect since the end of 2017, according to the institution.
Visitors can now submit the vaccination certificate with a validation of six days in physical or digital form.
The Minsa explains in its resolution that the measures to prevent "possible occurrence" of yellow fever cases are maintained because there are "migration flows of countries in Africa and South America in the country where this disease is endemic, with manifestations serious and high lethality ".
In addition, the Minsa stressed that the transmissible vector of this disease is the same as dengue, chikungunya and zika, diseases that still prevail in the country, according to weekly epidemiological reports.
About the other provisions
The requirements for Nicaraguans traveling to countries at risk of transmission of yellow fever did not vary, the vaccine will be applied ten days before their trip, the Minsa also reported.
The institution indicates that anyone who is in a country who was in danger of entering Nicaragua less than six days ago must present his international vaccination certificate to gain access to the country.
Similarly, travelers who pass through one of the countries at risk of yellow fever, younger than 60, do not have to present pregnant women, breastfeeding women and "people with egg allergies and reduced immunity". This certificate to enter the country .
According to the WHO, yellow fever is an "acute viral, haemorrhagic" disease that causes headaches, fever, yellowing of the skin, nausea and other symptoms.
"Large epidemics of yellow fever occur when the virus is introduced by infected people in densely populated areas, with a high density of mosquitoes and where the majority of the population has little or no immunity for a lack of vaccination," warns the WHO.
So far, the Minsa has not reported any positive cases of the disease in the country, so he tries to prevent these with these measures.