Eat carbohydrates Moderately, it can be healthy for your body and even increase your years of life, according to a survey recently published by researchers at the University of Minnesota, as well as Harvard.
The researchers studied the diet of 15 thousand 428 adults between 45 and 64 years old of four communities in the United States, who reported that between 600 and 4 thousand they consumed 200 kilocalories per day in the case of women and 500-3,000 600 in the case of men.
Diets with high carbohydrates refer to more than 70 percent of the calories consumed per day carbohydrates (eg bread, white rice), while in low diets it is less than 40 percent and in moderate diets between 50 and 55 percent.
The researchers estimate that after 50 years the average life expectancy was 33 years for those with a moderate intake of carbohydratescompared with those with very low consumption (29 years after 50) and people with high consumption (32 years more).
However, the authors noted that diets were measured for six years, so that the dietary patterns of these people could change in 25 years and the reported effect of carbohydrate consumption could be made less accurate.
The researchers evaluated total intake of carbohydrates of participants, as well as all causes of death by age, gender, race, total energy consumption, training, exercise, income level, smoking and diabetes.
Participants completed a questionnaire about the types of food and drinks that they consumed, as well as portion and frequency of consumption; data that the researchers used to estimate the cumulative average of calories derived from carbohydrates, fats and proteins.
The researchers also discovered that diets that replace carbohydrates with fats and proteins from animals such as chicken, pork, lamb or beef are related to higher mortality rates.
"Low-carbohydrate diets that replace carbohydrates with proteins or fats are gaining in popularity as weight loss and health strategy, but our data suggests that carbohydrates and animal diets in North America have the upper hand, and Europe could be associated with higher mortality rates," Sara Seidelmann says. , researcher on cardiovascular medicine at Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston, USA, who led the research.
"Instead, if you choose to follow a low-carbohydrate diet, substitute carbohydrates for more fats and vegetable proteins (vegetables, nuts, peanut butter,
and wholemeal bread) can actually promote healthy aging, "he added in an interview with the Medical Xpress site.
"We have to analyze very well what the healthy substances in the diet are," he said.