updated 18-09-2018 03:40
The beginning of spring made September 21 one of the most famous days of the year, at least in Argentina. That date, however, also commemorates something that is not so happy: the World Alzheimer's Day, the disease that expresses the phrase "How is the German!" Caused.
If the saying is not right, Dr. Santiago O & # 39; Neill-chief of Cognitive Neurology at the Neurosciences Institute of the Favaloro Foundation sent us an e-mail all we need to know about this subject 🤓
Who is the German speaking about?
It is the most common cause of dementia – or loss of mental abilities – and constitutes about 60% of cases. It affects millions of people around the world and every 50 seconds a new case is diagnosed 😣
The number of cases increases with age: from 1 in 7 to 60 years in 1 in 3 people, in 85. In the world, 45 million people suffer from dementia and the number is expected to reach 130 million by 2050.
According to data from the nation's health ministry in Argentina, about US $ 8,000 per patient per year is spent on care for Alzheimer's patients.
Why the fear of German?
Because it generates the oblivion of things that have happened recently and the difficulty of storing new information. This inattention is becoming more frequent with the passage of time and difficulties being added to find the right words and to express oneself and problems to orientate themselves in time and space.
You can often add behavior problems, such as aggression, lack of motivation, hallucinations and even delusions. All this creates difficulties to function in daily life 😓
Can we do nothing?
Although there is no cure for the disease today, there are treatments – as soon as the symptoms develop – that slow down progression and help improve the quality of life of the patient and the family. These treatments include the organization of routine, mental stimulation and physical activity 🏃
Up to now, the greatest hope has been established on 2 drugs (aducanumab and BAN2401) that can influence the natural course of the disease in preliminary studies. The expectation is established in new studies and their results are expected for the coming years.
Is there a way to prevent it?
The best form of prevention is to keep the brain in shape. For this it is important to do activities that are challenging and not routine: regular physical activity, blood pressure, high cholesterol, glycemia and smoking under control and maintaining a healthy diet.
Important fact: what we do in the 5th and 6th decade of our lives is what has the most impact on the 70 to 80 years.
Who is this German? 👨
The German neurologist and psychiatrist Alois Alzheimer, who described the typical changes in the brain in a patient in 1906.