A large study evaluated the consumption of alcohol in 195 countries between 1990 and 2016. Drinking one glass per day during a year increases by 0.5%, the risk of one of the 23 alcohol-related problems.
Drinking, even if it is just a glass of wine or a beer a day, carries a health risk, according to a major study into the frequency and impact of alcohol consumption, responsible for three million deaths a year in the world.
One in three alcohol drinkers dies each year due to health problems related to alcohol. 2.2% are women and 6.8% men, according to a study that advocates "zero alcohol". The world has 2,400 million drinkers, 63% of whom are men.
The study, which was published by the Lancet medical journal on Friday, assesses levels of alcohol use and health effects in 195 countries between 1990 and 2016. Alcohol caused 2.8 million deaths in 2016, according to the study.
In 2016, alcohol consumption was the seventh risk factor for premature death and disability in the world and the main cause of death in people between 15 and 49 years old (traffic accidents, suicides, tuberculosis …). Alcoholic beverages are related to one in ten deaths in this age group. After 50 years, cancer is the main cause of alcohol-related deaths.
Drinking a glass a day for a year increases by 0.5%, among people between 15 and 95 years, the risk of suffering from one of the 23 problems related to alcohol: cancer, cardiovascular disease, stroke (stroke), cirrhosis, accidents, violence, etc., consider the authors.
This means that the mortality rate in the world will increase by 100,000 per year per one glass per day, says Dr. Emmanuela Gakidou from the Institute of Metrology and Health Assessment (IHME, University of Washington), co-author of the study. "The health risks of alcohol are huge," he says.
According to Gakidou, these results reinforce other recent research, which emphasized "clear and convincing correlations between alcohol use and premature death, cancer and cardiovascular problems". "The myth that one or two glasses a day is good is only a myth," he says. Only "zero alcohol" minimizes the general risk of diseases, he emphasizes.