The Ministry of Health (MINSA) places the vaccine against yellow fever for foreigners residing in Nicaragua and travels to countries where there is a risk of this disease being transmitted, in accordance with Ministerial Resolution 400-2018 of the Minister of Health Sonia Castro, published On Wednesday, August 22, the requirements for admission to Nicaragua regarding the international certificate for vaccination against yellow fever have been reformed.
"All Nicaraguans older than nine months, foreign nationals or with work visas in our country, traveling to countries with risk of transmission of yellow feveraccording to the list of WHO (World Health Organization), the vaccine is applied ten days before your trip, "says the document.
The minister's resolution adds that: "Every traveler from a country that is at risk of transfer according to the WHO list, if less than six days have elapsed after leaving the country, must present the original international vaccine certificate, in physical or in digital ".
Reading: Nicaragua requires a vaccination certificate for tourists
On the other side: "Travelers traveling in transit through a country at risk of being transferred and travelers from countries without risk of transfer who do not stay in Panama for more than 24 hours will not present the International Vaccine Certificate." Also, the vaccination certificate will not be requested for children under the age of one year and those over 60, pregnant women and breastfeeding women.
Where and when are vaccinated?
Those who have plans to travel to South American countries should apply to the Conchita Palacios del Minsa Complex to apply the vaccine against yellow fever, as some of these countries have health warnings for this disease. With this measure, health authorities want to prevent the introduction of the virus in the country.
The vaccine is only available in the central complex of the Minsa and although it does not cost the population, it only applies on Mondays and Thursdays, from 8:30 am to 11:00 am in the morning and 1:00 am to 3:00 pm hour In addition, this injection must be placed 10 days before the triptherefore, the interested parties must submit the following documents: identity card, passport, copy of the travel ticket and copy of the invitation for the addressee activity (if present).
The yellow fever vaccine is applied to people traveling to Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guyana, Panama, Venezuela, Paraguay, Peru and the African countries, with the exception of the Democratic Republic of Congo, Tanzania, Sao Tome and Principle, and Somalia.
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According to the WHO, yellow fever is an acute, hemorrhagic viral disease transmitted by mosquitoes. The infection can occur in one or two phases: The first, acute, usually causes fever, severe back pain, severe headache, chills, loss of appetite and nausea or vomiting. Thereafter, most patients improve and the symptoms disappear within 3 or 4 days.
However, 15 percent of patients enter a second, more toxic phase. High fever efficiencies and different organic systems are affected. Half of the patients entering the toxic phase die within 10 to 14 days and the rest recover without major organic lesions.