Newly diagnosed diabetes and weight loss without cause can signal pancreatic cancer. Every year, the disease is detected in about two thousand patients in the Czech Republic. 95 percent of patients die of cancer, so they have to be discovered on time, they ask doctors to treat them. They want to engage diabetologists and GPs, they said during a press conference. Pancreatic cancer is the fourth most common cause of death in tumors. Because more progress is being made in treating others, by 2020, according to experts, the second most common cause of lung cancer.
The cause of the disease has not yet been fully explained. According to research, smoking, genetic factors, obesity, poor nutrition and other diseases such as pancreatitis, liver cirrhosis or diabetes can contribute to this.
In 50-60 percent of the patients, the diagnosis is advanced in the oncology clinic of the first faculty of medicine at Charles University and the General University Hospital in Prague (1st Faculty of Medicine and VFN) Luboš Petruželka. The average survival time of these patients is less than a year. "It is a clinical emergency to find a methodology for early detection of the disease, and it is necessary to improve the rate of diagnosis, initiate treatment and develop new, more effective drugs," he added. .
If the tumor is detected in time, it is possible to completely heal the patient. Most surgical removal of part or the entire pancreas is most effective. It is possible for eight to 17 percent of them. "It is possible to only operate if the tumor is not locally advanced, ie in the first phase." In a more advanced stage, only a limited number of patients who responded to oncological treatment – chemotherapy or chemoradiotherapy, "explained Zdeněk Krška, head of the 1st Abdominal Chest Surgical Clinic, from accidental surgery at the 1st Faculty of Medicine and General Education Hospital.
The first symptoms include abdominal pain, itchy skin or nausea. One of the last can get yellowing, just as with jaundice, because they are affected by the liver. From the beginning of the first tumor cell to the first symptoms, according to Krška, it takes 14 to 16 years. "Carcinoma manifests itself from 24 to 36 months after the onset of diabetes," he added.
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