While the number of entrepreneurs in villages stagnates to 500 inhabitants, they begin to flourish in larger municipalities. Nine out of ten entrepreneurs in small municipalities are self-employed and eight percent are businesses with a maximum of ten employees. Trade and services are predominant, small industry and the number of companies in the food industry is growing, according to an analysis published by the Association of Small and Medium Enterprises on Thursday.
After a long recession the agricultural sector starts to stabilize, the number of employees has stabilized just under 100,000 in the past five years. Yet it is 40 percent less than 15 years ago. This is illustrated by the number of new pupils in agricultural vocational training where the lowest number of pupils has used the last decade.
"It is beginning to show that rural entrepreneurship makes sense, but the number of farms operating in rural areas is growing slightly, and traditional agriculture is reflected from the bottom, but the situation is being stabilized by more than 500 inhabitants, the activities in smaller villages are still declining, by increasing the number of residents in larger municipalities, which means entrepreneurship, because the reason for the increase in the number of entrepreneurs in the municipalities is the lower cost of doing business, "said Karel Havlíček, chairman of the association.
The total number of municipalities in the past 15 years has decreased by 65 to 5569, but the population has increased by 19 thousand. The most complicated situation is in municipalities with a maximum of 500 inhabitants, where their number decreased by 256 in 15 years and the population decreased by 37 thousand. On the contrary, the number of municipalities between 500 and 2000 inhabitants increased by 191 and the population also grew by 218 thousand. Twenty-seven percent of the population now live in municipalities under two thousand inhabitants, eight percent in municipalities with fewer than 500 inhabitants.
Nine of the ten rural entrepreneurs are self-employed without employees, eight percent of the micro-enterprises in nine employees, 1.5 percent of a small company between ten to 49 employees and 0.5 percent more than 50 employees in the country. The number of companies with 50 or more employees is growing at the expense of small entrepreneurs. More than one fifth of all companies in the country are retailers and small services, 15 percent have small industrial activities, and a tenth is a company in the occupations, construction, housing and social services sectors. Farmers are represented in the country with five percent.
The number of farms in agriculture has stagnated over the past five years and ranges from 47,000 to 48,000 entrepreneurs, 91% is self-employed, 8% is a commercial enterprise, and a percentage is an agricultural cooperative.
The average wage in the agricultural sector in the last reporting year is CZK 2315, which is an increase of 5.2% year-on-year, compared with the average for the Czech Republic, only 80% of workers in the agricultural sector. The number of companies in the related food industry has increased by 30 percent in five years, with nearly 23,000 companies active in the sector.
The first year of vocational training in agriculture has been declared the last year of at least nine year old pupils, while high schools with graduation are seen in the same field after a decrease of several years of stagnation, compared to the number of students nine years ago, when they came to graduate training by a third. less.
At the same time, it appears that graduates of traditional fields that are connected to the country do not have to worry about work. The unemployment rate is lower than the national average. For example, the zero rate of unemployment is reported by graduates from apprenticeship disciplines of fishermen and processors of timber, while in graduation fields there is a zero unemployment rate for graduates in the field of viticulture and re-fishing.
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