August 1968 ONLINE The baby's stormed the invasion



50 years ago invasion troops invaded Czechoslovakia and began the Soviet occupation. She did not resist without resistance. But when the victims began to remind Prime Minister Andrej Babiš (ANO) of Czech radio on August 21, 1968, his opponents had defeated him. They are told that the trust in their government was based on the voices of the communists, who came to power again. Criticism is experienced by President Milos Zeman because he did not give a speech for the sad birthday. In contrast to Andrej Kiska, whose words were also broadcast by Czech Television. Thousands of people remembered the invasion by a concert on Wenceslas Square. Eventually the crowd sang Martha Kubiš & # 39; s Prayer for Martha. Flash messages looked online all day.

Invasion of tanks. Profession. Strong standardization. Euphoria and social relaxation in the spring of Prague replaced on August 21, 1968 exactly 50 years of dismay. The Soviet Union decided to send tanks to Czechoslovakia.

• 20 people were remembered for the Lightning Occupation. "My mother woke up in Vinohrady in the morning and said:" Marto, get up, we are busy! I wondered why it said so badly when the Americans were here. Who would have thought that the Russians would come here? ", Says Marta Kubišová today.

When stalking in front of the building of the Czech radio, where they commemorated the victims of the invasion, the crowd of Prime Minister Andrej Babis.

• President Milos Zeman decided not to make public speeches and to express criticism.

• "Zeman has a good reason to be silent about the invasion." The son of the Russian dissident Gorbachev spoke about August 1968

• Czechs and Slovaks are reminded of the tragedy for half a century. Jubilee celebrations have also been observed in the EU (Tusk, Juncker) or Germany (Angela Merkel). The special for the occupation was also prepared by Info.cz

• The Flash Report also includes an interview with a Romanian historian about how dictator Ceauşescu betrayed Moscow. Why did he not send the tanks and did he encourage the Czechoslovaks?

An example of the song Martha & # 39; s Prayer is ending the online broadcast today. We wish you a good night.

Marta Kubisova's song Prayer for Martha completely controlled a thousandth crowd on Wenceslas Square. Then came the Czech and Slovak national anthem.

At the end of the concert, Marta Kubišová sang and sang the biggest applause.

After a concert on Wenceslas Square, fire was made in the National Museum.

During the & # 39; 68 concert the St. Wenceslas monument was illuminated. The stage has been replaced by many contemporary singers.

Lucie Bila sang during the concert on Wenceslas Square.

Wenceslas Square began to sing Lucie Bílá and there was a disapproving whistle, reported the editor of Flash News.

The Slovak Prime Minister spoke about the events of August 1968 Peter Pellegrini. According to him, they are a dramatic story of the hope of a small country to cope with the then rules of the geopolitical division of the world and to create a free and social society based on the dignified life of an individual. Andrej Danko, the President of the Slovak House, described the occupation as a violent act of the Soviet power and the Moscow satellites, which must be condemned.

The side streets of Wenceslas Square are hopelessly impenetrable due to the concert in some places. People get upset and shrug their shoulders, reports the News Flash News editor.

In the & # 39; 68 Concert only songs from the sixties, but in a new adaptation.

"It was a terrible surprise for us, everything was turned upside down", said a woman who was 32 years old in 1968 and spent a deadly day in Prague. Another woman remembered her arrival in Prague, which she chose to have chosen on August 21, 1968. He was the worst day of her life. Memorable events to Prague also came from people from abroad, for whom the events in August are an important personal milestone, for example from England or from Melbourne, Australia.

The staff at the & # 39; 68 Concert is varied – there are witnesses and millennials here. Many of them hold Czech flags in their hands, but there are several flags of the European Union in the crowd. Blesk.cz asked those present what this birthday means for them and how they lived on August 21, 1968. "I was 15 years old, but I remember it … We were all on TV and radio at Krnov and were wondering what was going on. The hand was in. Parents then went to East Germany and the passing tanks passed by,"One of the concert visitors described it as a very sensitive subject for him. He and other respondents described their own struggle against the occupier – turning the markers to make it harder for the soldiers to navigate.

The fully-stocked Wenceslas Square follows the Concert & # 39; 68 – the biggest hits of 1968. The concert to commemorate the breakthrough started with a screening of several minutes with memories of witnesses of the famous celebrities' events in August. About how he experienced the invasion, for example, politician Petr Pithart or screenwriter Zdeněk Svěrák.

Wenceslas Square is full of dormitories. The editor's estimate can be five thousand people. At the launch a bird of prey was eaten, which carried the flag of the Czech Republic. Inflatable balloons in Czech colors left the museum again.

It is the duty of democratic politicians to protect freedom, and that is why we need allies with the same values. In today's television speech on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the invasion of troops from the Warsaw Pact to Czechoslovakia, Slovak President Andrei Kiska said. The head of the Slovak state also reminded the victims of the invasion of 1968 and the so-called normalization, who at that time met a number of people in Czechoslovakia. The Czech president Milos Zeman has not publicly mentioned the 50th anniversary of the occupation.

Concert & # 39; 68 on Wenceslas SquareOn August 21, 2018 he has just started, there are more than two thousand people on the spot according to Red Bull News.

The Wenceslas square is full. According to the editor's estimate, there may be more than 2000 people. People of all generations have met and are waiting for a concert to start. The Czech flag and a few flags of the European Union.

Senate chairman Milan Štěch (CSSD) emphasized the role of public media in the context of the 50th anniversary of August 1968 for the objective information of citizens. Attempts to discredit Czech television, Czech radio and the Czech news agency are unacceptable, Štěch said in the contemporary liturgy for the victims of the occupation of Czechoslovakia to the Warsaw Pact troops in front of the Czech Radio building.

Štěchův speech was overwhelmed by social networks in the afternoon. Speaker of President Milos Zeman, Jiri Ovcachek, on Twitter, said that people on the radio with the President of the Senate "they were silently silent". In answer, Steve wrote on Facebook that Ovčáček is stupid and deaf. "Writing that people have heard my speech silently just confirms that," he said. Ovčáček wrote in another statement on Twitter that the people at the radio cheered the standardization communist who agreed with the occupation.

The university of Hradec Kralove organized on 21 August 2018 on Masaryk Square in Prague, Happening August 68 & # 39 ;, which reminded of the invasion of occupation forces of August 21, 1968.

Senate President Milan Štěch (CSSD) in connection with the 50th anniversary of August 1968, it emphasized the role of public media in objectively informing citizens. Attempts to discredit Czech television, Czech radio and the Czech news agency are unacceptable, Štěch said in the contemporary liturgy for the victims of the occupation of Czechoslovakia to the Warsaw Pact troops in front of the Czech Radio building.

Štěch said that people are flooded with information from all sides and are difficult to navigate. "It was in 1968 that he showed what vital positive meaning and role could be played by public media at critical moments in society," he said. From recent history, society should take lessons and observe the mission of public service media from this point of view.

The fiftieth anniversary of the occupation of Czechoslovakia on 21 August 2018 remembered the people in Polná in Jihlava by the meeting at the Holy Trinity Column and the concert by the songwriter Jaroslav Hutka.

On the Edvard Beneš square in Ostrava, on August 21, 2018, men were camped in Soviet military uniforms and historical military techniques. The goal of the event was to cause at least a part of the atmosphere that the Ostravians experienced during the invasion of troops of the Warsaw Pact in Czechoslovakia in August 1968.

The museum of the city of Prague opened on 21 August 2018 in front of his main building in Florence, an exhibition called August 1968 in Prague. The outdoor exhibition presents visitors, photographs, posters and other material from August 1968. The exhibition lasts until 2 December.

The museum and gallery center was opened in Valašské Meziříčí in the Vsetín region 21 August 2018 exhibition of photos by Jiří Fojtík. The author recorded the atmosphere of August 1968 in the streets of the city. The exhibition, held in Valasske Mezirici in August 1968, runs until 9 September 2018.

The red shorts hang from the windows of one of the houses in the Klára of Prague on August 21, 2018, on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the occupation of Czechoslovakia by the Warsaw Pact troops in 1968. The Ztohoven group, dressed up for the chimneys in 2015, climbed onto the roof of the palace of Prague Castle and changed the presidential standard for red shirts. She wanted to protest against Zeman's behavior as president. Red shorts became the symbol of resistance against Zeman.

Kamila Moučková, who announced in television in August 1968, broadcasts the invasion of troops of the Warsaw Pact to Czechoslovakia, criticized President Milos Zeman for not celebrating the 50th anniversary of this event. She expressed her dissatisfaction in a message she sent today from the hospital for the opening of the exhibition in August 1968.

"I am angry at the president that he has not found five minutes to speak about his fiftieth anniversary of his 68th birthday," wrote Moučková. Negative, Prime Minister Andrei Babis (ANO) and KSČM Chairman Vojtech Filip also criticized the fact that he in the interview for the British newspaper The Guardian indirectly described him as the guilty of the occupation of the Ukrainians.

"I am also angry with Mr Babis, that he does not have enough of his billions and that he still wants to control people. I have no good word for Mr. Philip! So according to him, the Ukrainians occupied us in 1968? & # 39; Moučková wrote.

According to a new study by the sociologist of the Czech and Slovak Academy of Sciences, that only half of the Czechs and a third of Slovaks rate the Prague Spring positively. Although the various reform movements from 1968 are not fascinating in Western Europe, they do not attract much attention in the Czech Republic and Slovakia. In order to re-examine the ideas of Prague's spring, it still seems useful and urgent, wrote the French daily Le Monde.

"We really stand for the paradox," said the historian of the institute for the study of totalitarian regimes Muriel Blaive. "The state should commemorate these very happy moments in Czechoslovak life, but does not dare to celebrate something that the Communists have done. And so he does nothing. They are the media that revive this past, "added Blaive.

The invasion of the Warsaw Pact troops in Czechoslovakia led in that time to a number of tragic victims of lives, including Jan Palach and other people who burned in protest against aggression. The head of the Lower House of the Polish Parliament (Sejm), Marek Kuchciński, said today about the 50th anniversary the opening of the occupation of Czechoslovakia paid tribute to the victims of the invasion of the Soviet army and other troops including Polish. The Sejm adopted a resolution a month ago in honor of the victims.

"The (occupation) led to the manifestations of resistance, the consequences of which were tragic. Czechs Jan Palach and Jan Zajíc, the Polish Ryszard Siwiec, the Hungarians Sándor Bauer and Márton Moyses are shooting like a torch,said Marshal Kuchciński today.

The former soldier of the Polish army of Siwiec, in September 1968, became the first person to burn himself in protest against the invasion. The Hungarian student Bauer was blamed in January 1969, the day after Palach. In February of the same year the second Czech torch became the Zajíc, less than a year after him Moyses set out for the same protest.

Jiří Drahoš published another comment from today's piety, Babišová says he does not hesitate to say:

The statue of Marshal Ivan Konove in Prague 6 was unveiled a new memorial plaque commemorating his role before the invasion of troops of Warsaw Pact in Czechoslovakia in August 1968. The event was attended by representatives of the Communist Party of the Czechoslovak Communist Party (KSČM) who silently protested at the memorial. According to the communists, the text transcribes history. The monument of Marshal Koněva was built in 1980.

The town hall helped to write different historians and then the facts were checked by specialized institutions: the military-historical institute of the army and the Institute of contemporary history of the Academy of Sciences. "They have consistently confirmed that the text is correct here. It does not support historical facts, but tells them how the events really happened, " said Mayor of Prague 6 Ondřej Kolář (TOP 09).

"According to other historians it is not true. (…) In our opinion this is a rewriting of history,"said Marta Semel, the Communist Party of Prague (KSČM), and the communists will try to remove the table.

The oppression of the Prague spring in August 1968 is clearly visible throughout Europe. The internationally respected Swiss daily newspaper Neue Zürcher Zeitung writes in today's commentary. After the motionlessness of the decade, according to the letter, instead of organic change, shock therapy followed, which brought polarization of society, injustice, corruption and distrust. This is currently used by politicians in countries such as Poland and the Czech Republic, states NZZ.

"The cruel end of the Czechoslovak reform experiment buried the hope of a soft change in the Eastern bloc. Destroyed trust has not yet returned – with consequences for the whole of Europe,"NZZ writes today in her comments

Senate President Milan Štěch (CSSD) he leaned towards the spokesperson of the room, Jiří Ovčacka.

The Czech television was originally a speech by the Slovak president Andrej Kiska on the 50th anniversary of the occupation broadcast in parallel with Slovakian public radio and television (RTVS). But that will not happen. The permission was canceled at the request of the presidency of Kiska. The pre-written contribution of CT broadcasts around 19:55.

According to Jan Bartošek, vice-chairman of the KDU-ČSL, the occupiers owe us an apology.

Speech of disapproval was accompanied by the speech of the head of the Chamber of Deputies, Radka Vondráčka (ANO), in the afternoon. What did it look like in the Radio building? Look.

Democracy and freedom of thought also require active protection in today's Europe. This was announced by the Austrian Chancellor Sebastian Kurz in today's statement on the 50th anniversary of the violent end of spring in Prague. "It is now 50 years ago that the Prague spring bloody suppressed the Warsaw Pact troops. Our Czech and Slovak neighbors have called for reforms, "said the Kurz in a statement posted on Twitter.

The last silence and the laying of the flowers this morning Liberec reminded nine victims of the August occupation in 1968. Among those who came to the square today, was also Václav Toužimský, author of the famous photo of the tank, which destroyed the arcade on the main square. He still had a camera in his hand today. "I was soaked in our business, I was on the roof", admitted Touzimsky, who then worked in a photo conductor on the other side of the square.

"I had an inconvenience, but that is life, "Said Touzhimsky, worse that the photos he took in August 68, but also a year later during the demonstrations, were later exploited during the investigation and that more people were caught in it.

Victims of August occupation in 1968, for example, remembered today in Desná, in Jablonec. In the crash and subsequent fire of the Soviet tanker 50 years ago, the 74-year-old Marie Vodakova and her granddaughter died just after the sidewalk. Their death is commemorated by the plaque in the former cultural house Sklář in the places where both died. Like every year, people at the monument placed flowers and lit candles.

For example, the deputy mayor Jiří Klsák (KOA) spoke in Vares with the people who only remembered the minority in 1968 personally. or Jan Nedvěd, the author of the book Do not Let the Heads – 1968 in Karlovy Vary, which has a festive performance tonight in the Karlovy Vary museum.

He remembered that it was not so much occupying troops, but those who destroyed the link in 1968 were Czech and Slovakian Stalinists. "Today I am afraid of the trivialisation of what happened next. I hear that the Russians have saved us from capitalism and similar nonsense for the next 20 years,"Nedved said.

The sad birthday is remembered by citizens across the country. About fifty people went to the Carlsbad parade today. They also stopped for the general consulate of the Russian Federation, where there were short speeches and music by Karel Kryl.

"You throw away decent people and you are invited to come here." Look at what happened next to today's dangerous piety for Czech radio:

Today, Deputy Prime Minister Jan Hamacek (CSSD) went to the Karlovy Vary region for an official visit. And there he mentioned the link on 21 August.

"At a time when the Prime Minister is ruling with the Communists and commemorating the victims of the Communist coup and the Soviet Communists' attack on Czechoslovakia, I think it's a bit undecided, "said TOP 09 President Jiří Pospíšil. How did other opposition politicians react?

The memories of the 50th anniversary of August 1968 came to a number of world newspapers, such as the front page of the New York Times (NYT), which states that for millions of Czechs and Slovaks the transition from hope to despair after the invasion of August "so fast if it was shocking ". The Russian and Russian media also pay a lot of attentionthe scope of their views extends from the condemnation of the oppression of the Prague Spring as an attempt to build up socialism with a human face. after the defense of the fraternal aid, which, according to the state agency RIA Novosti, maintained peace for another 20 years.

Andrei Babiše, today, even during the laying of wreaths for the building of the Czech radio.

"Communists are responsible for the totalitarian regime and people here remember that someone is ruling with these people – it is shame and people have clearly demonstrated it and it is good" former journalist Herman Herman told journalists today. He does not agree with the whispers and the singing of people to deny the memory to the victims of the invasion of the Warsaw Pact troops in 1968. "On the contrary, I think people show that they do not care," he added.

Juncker and Tusk about occupation

Meanwhile, the occupation of Czechoslovakia is reminiscent of EU summits, European Council President Donald Tusk, or European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker. "Fifty years ago, the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia destroyed the Prague Spring, but the desire for freedom and democracy has survived and forms the heart of what now connects Europe," wrote Tusk. "This anniversary reminds us of the tragic loss of life and we forgive courage and heroism from them – and many of them were students – who were challenging for tanks and weapons," Juncker said.

He also arrived on Czech radio Jiří Drahoš with his wife – The unsuccessful presidential candidate will try to fight in the senate in the fall.

"It was a devout act, and it was a deep worship of the victims of the occupation, but the people could not keep silent, the prime minister and those who leaned on the Communists today. At that time, people have not been idle even today, "said KDU-CSL Vice-President Marian Jurečka on behalf of protesters.

"Shame for those who abuse the memory of the tragic occupation and the innocent victims of hatred, framework and low politics!" spokesman Jiri Ovaccek, Babis, was on Twitter.

Andrej Babiš has had a hard time today. In a reaction to them he refused to leave the building of the Czech radio.

Anger on Babis. See how the opponents spit out the premier from the stomach before Czech radio:

Miroslav Kalousek to Babiše expressed on Twitter. He called for an apology to Babis. "When the former StBack reminds the victims of the occupation, it is an insult to the victims," ​​TOP 09 said. "But when he sincerely thanked YES fans at the end of the speech, he deliberately violated the act of piety," he added.

"We must be proud of ourselves and be able to emphasize the skilled and talented people (…) We are a nation (stressed – we have a great tradition and we have many reasons to be proud of, and thank you all for your support, thank our fans for raising our preferences. "

Babiš added and left the speaker's sheet. After the ensuing national anthem the pieta ends.

"We are primarily here to honor the memory of those who fell in the battle for radio," said the moderator. Andrei Babiš read the speech. His words disappear in a deafening whistle. "In 1968 people became enthusiastic and then disappointed for the first time," says Babis, but he is also in today's situation:

"I do not agree that everyone can say and write what they want, everyone can start a party or a movement or change their electoral preferences and who or someone they do not like can criticize in any way and something to break, or to choose someone else in the next election Now everybody should listen here, but I would like to read: freedom and democracy is mainly that I can recognize that someone has the right to a different opinion and to another preference than me.

On the contrary, Sandbot is caught by the Chamber of Deputies and Radek Vondráček. A moment, with a slight smile and not particularly discouraged, he stands behind the loudspeaker. Despite the demand for respect for piety and those who have come to remember, the crowd does not extinguish. "It seems that the peace will not happen, I will start with the permission", says Vondráček. Thanks to Zavoral and Štěch for the wonderful memory of the fallen. He criticizes that the crowd makes no distinction between piety and free demonstration. "As long as people do not learn to distinguish, we will no longer come to this country", he warned.

After the head of the Czech radio Zavoral Senate driver Milan Štěch (CSSD). He also mentioned the memory of Czechoslovak citizens who stood up against the occupiers. He waited a moment for the surprise and disappointment of the invasion and the protests that followed. "We will keep their memory in our historical memory," he appealed. Christmas people applaud people. He also emphasized the role of public media and condemned attempts to discredit CT, CR, CTK, which he found unacceptable.

Rene Zavoral, the CEO of the Czech Republic, is the first to speak. When Prime Minister Babis welcomed, there was another whistle. All colleagues and colleagues who worked warmly in 1968 and tried to ensure the broadcast of the free Czechoslovak radio were warmly friendly. But he also remembered the victims:

"For two decades the Communist power has tried to impose the idea that the Czechs and Slovaks did not resist the invasion of foreign troops on the territory of our state in August 1968, wondering that the soldiers did not welcome: no coincidence, process of gradual abolition, not only of civil liberties but of all signs of national sovereignty called misleading by normalization, as if it were normal to live in a foreign armor (…) The passive resistance of the Czechs was not everywhere so passive, only 17 of the Czech patriots laid down their lives, the whole unarmed people stood up in tanks and armored cars, a better case of home-made Molotov cocktails, but more often only national flags, on which they took their corpses. & # 39;

So, a loud disagreement with Andy Babiš captured the News Blesk of the News reporter for Czech radio. In comparison with Babiš's crowd, the crowd collapsed by passing military veterans and other "non-political" guests of the Piet.

The ceremony is attended by Chamber of Deputies Radek Vondráček (NAO) and Vice-President of Chamber of Deputies Pirate Vojtěch Pikal. Even during their arrival at the wreaths, the whistle continues. This is followed by Minister Lubomir Metnar, Minister of Defense. But there are also the people Jan Bartošek, the head of the KDU-ČSL deputatenclub or the culture ex-president Daniel Herman.

The pious action begins. & # 39; Estébák, estébák, & # 39; the crowd shouted shortly before. "Agent Bursa, do not defy the memory of the fallen" is on one of the banners. The festive laying of wreaths is accompanied by a whistle. "Bursh, do not touch it, there is no estate," people shout.

"Shame, shame." With the whistle and other protests, Prime Minister Andrej Babis met his arrival at the Czech radio. Piety organizers encourage people to make room for them. The attendees respond with chants and do not want to leave. Traffic stopped.

The fiftieth anniversary of the Soviet invasion was today reminded by the people of Liberec.

Andrej Kiska spreekt vandaag op RTVS en tegelijkertijd op Tsjechische tv vanaf 19:50. De toespraak eindigt om 19:54 uur.

Terwijl premier Babiš op het punt staat voor de Tsjechische radio te verschijnen, heeft Jiří Ovčáček al gezegd:Zijn moedige speech is al gemaakt door de president. Toen hij verklaarde dat hij in het begin van de normalisatie tegen de bezetting was. Voor deze houding werd hij zonder werk weggegooid, van de University of Economics. "

Volgens iDnes.cz weten historici echter niet waar Ovčáček over spreekt. Zeman's woorden uit 1968 overleefden het niet. De spreker was pissig. Op Twitter sprak hij over de "sluipende onzin" en waarschuwde hij dat hij dat was "in 1970, 1984 en 1989 werd Milos Zeman om politieke redenen van het werk gezet".

68 en 68 augustus op Jaromír Jágra – toeval? Neen! Dit is wat de Tsjechische ijshockeylegende droeg toen deze bij de NHL in Pittsburgh aankwam. En ze verliet haar gedurende haar hele overzeese carrière. "Het was de lente van Praag, maar de Russische troepen vielen Tsjechoslowakije binnen en bezetten het," legde Jagr uit na zijn komst naar de Canadees-Amerikaanse competitie. In hetzelfde jaar stierf ook zijn grootvader. Meer informatie over Hawaii 68 HIER

De Slowaakse premier Peter Pellegrini zei in een commentaar voor Hospodárske noviny: "Augustus 1968 is een van die historische gebeurtenissen die door de volgende generaties moeten worden herdacht: tragische gebeurtenissen raakten elk gezin en in de herinneringen van onze ouders en grootouders worden ze altijd geschreven als een herinnering om nooit zoiets te herhalen. "Hij ontmoette Alexander Dubcek, die hij beschreef als de drager van een diepgaande sociale verandering en een van de belangrijkste figuren uit de Slowaakse geschiedenis.

Volgens de woordvoerder Jiří Ovčáček onbekende dorpeling heeft vandaag een monument vernietigd tijdens de nacht in de Praagse Burcht. Zeman's woordvoerster drong er bij ons op aan ons te herinneren aan "respect voor de slachtoffers, bescheiden en fatsoenlijk, op 21 augustus 1968, niet met rode shirts of zelfs beschadiging van de gedenktekens van degenen die stierven zodat we konden leven."

"Promluví vlastně nakonec i Zeman, jeho mlčení výmluvně řekne vše: právě oficiálním tichem totiž sovětskou invazi dvacet let uctívali i komunisti,"

upozorňuje ve svém komentáři pro Blesk Zprávy komentátor Petr Holec. Podle něj má slovenský prezident Kiska v Rusku méně kamarádů než ten český. "Zeman rád poučuje, což se mu poslední dobou ale bohužel stále častěji daří v nesprávný čas na nesprávném místě. Nejen díky jeho vřelému kamarádství s ruským prezidentem Vladimirem Putinem z nás proto ve světě znovu dělají ruský satelit," připomíná Holec a dodává: "Padesáté výročí okupace by tak prezidentovi nabídlo k ´odvaze´ správný čas i správné místo: národu by věnoval pár vět 21. srpna na Pražském hradě, symbolu české státnosti. Nejlíp bez vodky." Celý komentář čtěte ZDE

"V roce 1968 21. srpna převládala na území Česka malá oblačnost a výborná viditelnost, jen ojediněle se slabými přeháňkami a nejvyšší odpolední teploty se zastavovaly do 22 °C," říká meteoroložka Dagmar Honsová. Dnešek bude o 10 stupňů teplejší, při pietních a vzpomínkových akcích se tak Češi zapotí.

Hned první den srpnové okupace se v roce 1968 v Československu objevovaly i protisovětské nápisy: "Běž domů, Ivane", "Z naší Prahy, vyženeme ruské vrahy", "Eto družba?", "Brežněv: Zachráníme český národ, i kdybych ho měl postřílet", "Lenine, probuď se, Brežněv se zbláznil."

Na protest přitom došlo i v pondělí před ruskou ambasádou v Praze. Kromě výročí invaze se připomínala na transparentech i ruská anexe Krymu a postup Rusů na východní Ukrajině.

Dnes se konají akce napříč republikou, v Praze se uskuteční vzpomínkové akce Českého rozhlasu. V 11:00 dojde na pietní akt před budovou Českého rozhlasu, s projevem vystoupí premiér Andrej Babiš a předseda Senátu Milan Štěch. Dále se zúčastní mj. předseda Poslanecké sněmovny Radek Vondráček, pražská primátorka Adriana Krnáčová a generální ředitel Českého rozhlasu René Zavoral.

Ve 20:00 akce vyvrcholí koncertem na Václavském náměstí – při Koncertu ’68 největší hity roku 1968 zazpívají Marta Kubišová, Marta Jandová, Aneta Langerová, Lucie Bílá, Tereza Černochová, Jana Kirschner, Vojta Dyk, Matěj Ruppert, Xindl X či Honza Křížek. Doprovázet je bude Symfonický orchestr Českého rozhlasu.

Hřebíček na hlavičku uhodil poslanec Pirátů Jan Lipavský. "Mladí se místo moderních dějin učí ve školách paleolit, klínové písmo a manželky Karla IV. Pak se divme, že mají extrémisté ve studentských volbách vysokou podporu. Doufám, že se podaří situaci změnit dříve, než se začne historie opakovat," varoval.

Kdo z Hradu nemlčí, je Zemanův mluvčí Jiří Ovčáček, který je jako ryba ve vodě na sociálních sítích. Na Twitter umístil vlastní černobílou fotografii k roku 1968. Na co nesmí Češi zapomenout, to neuvedl. Variant může být více.

Český prezident Miloš Zeman pobouřil část veřejnosti tím, že u příležitosti výročí nevystoupí veřejně se svým projevem. ČT však odvysílá projev slovenské hlavy státu Andreje Kisky, který je např. podle poslankyně TOP 09 Markéty Pekarové Adamové stínovým českým prezidentem a prezidentem pro znechucené. O kritice Zemana za jeho rozhodnutí čtěte více ZDE

Jiného názoru jsou současní Rusové, jak dokázal i aktuální průzkum ruského střediska Levada. Skoro polovina Rusů (45 procent) o okupaci Československa v roce 1968 nic neví. Více než třetina oslovených (36 procent) považuje invazi vojsk Varšavské smlouvy za oprávněnou. "Výsledky průzkumu svědčí o tom, že se Rusko vrací k propagandě v duchu Brežněvovy éry," řekl ředitel střediska Lev Gudkov.

Podle pětiny dotázaných Rusů intervenci zavinily "podvratné akce" Západu proti socialistickým státům. Skoro čtvrtina usoudila, že protisovětsky naladění politici v tehdejším Československu se pokusili o převrat, a důsledkem toho byl vpád vojsk. Téměř pětina Rusů si myslí, že v ČSSR vypuklo "povstání proti režimu, nastoleného Sovětským svazem".

50. výročí okupace si přitom i dnes všímají i v Evropě. Německá kancléřka Angela Merkelová na dotaz ČTK okupaci, na které se podílela i někdejší Německá demokratická republika, označila za "smutné vyvrcholení politiky útisku ze strany Sovětského svazu a jeho spojenců". Stateční lidé v Československu podle ní v dalších letech přispěli ke sjednocené Evropě. Rok 1968 podle Merkelové přinesl aspoň v zárodku požadavky, které se pak naplnily v roce 1989, kdy se prosadila vůle lidu. Šlo podle ní zejména o touhu překonat komunistický režim a žít v demokracii a svobodě.

Diktátor, který zradil Sověty

Své tanky nevyslali všichni. Moskvě se vzepřel rumunský diktátor Ceaușescu. "Na rozdíl od ostatních členů Varšavské smlouvy, kteří viděli reformy v Československu jako nebezpečí pro socialismus, Ceaușescu projevoval jiný názor, který by se dal skutečně interpretovat jako podpora pražského jara. On opravdu věřil, že reformy posílí socialismus v Československu," říká v rozhovoru pro Blesk Zprávy rumunská historička Ana-Maria Cătănuş. Čtěte ZDE

Jen 21. srpna 1968 bylo zabito padesát Čechů a Slováků, do konce roku 1968 pak 137 lidí. Šance ubránit se vojensky nebyla. "Operace Dunaj byla po vojenské stránce připravena naprosto dokonale. A i kdyby se naše armáda, tehdy ČSLA, pokusila o nějaký odpor, tak obrovská převaha invazivních vojsko by ho zlomila během několika hodin," upozornil v rozhovoru pro Blesk historik Milan Bárta z Ústavu pro studium totalitních režimů.

"Všemu lidu Československé socialistické republiky. Včera, dne 20. srpna 1968, kolem 23. hodiny překročila vojska Sovětského svazu, Polské lidové republiky, Německé demokratické republiky, Maďarské lidové republiky a Bulharské lidové republiky státní hranice Československé socialistické republiky. Stalo se tak bez vědomí prezidenta republiky, předsedy Národního shromáždění, předsedy vlády i prvního tajemníka ÚV KSČ."

Při tomhle dnes již legendárním provolání tehdejších československých komunistů, vysílaném 21. srpna 1968, dodnes tuhne krev v žilách. I když jak komu. Třeba předseda KSČM Vojtěch Filip se nedávno zaobíral pro britský The Guardian myšlenkou, že Rusové za okupaci vlastně nemohli, protože Brežněv byl Ukrajinec. "Hlavní síla invazních armád byla ukrajinská," tvrdí Filip. "Prasárna," schytal to. Více čtěte ZDE

Čechoslováci byli zděšeni, našli se však tací, kteří příjezd tanků uvítali. O pomoc Sovětský svaz totiž dopisem žádalo před okupací stalinistické křídlo KSČ. Pod zvací dopis se podepsal mj. Vasil Biľak, jeden z hlavních představitelů sovětské páté kolony. Jediný Biľak se dožil trestního stíhání. Odsouzen nebyl. A tehdejší poslankyně KSČM Marta Semelová ho v roce 2014 v ČT označila za významnou osobnost a invazi tanků za internacionální pomoc.

Dobrý den, vítáme Vás u online přenosu ze dne, kdy si Češi i Slováci připomínají 50 let od tragédie – příjezdu vojsk Varšavské smlouvy. Tehdejší šéf Kremlu Leonid Brežněv vnímal změny hrozící v Československu v rámci uvolňování během pražského jara jako ohrožení pro celý východní blok. V očích Sovětů bylo nezbytné zasáhnout. O vyslání okupačních jednotek definitivně Moskva rozhodla 18. srpna. A 21. srpna byla spuštěna operace Dunaj.

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