Necessary on August 21, 1968, it was five years ago that the 37-year-old Josef Jančář was the director of the Slovácko museum. At the age of fifty she recalls how she woke up in the morning of a woman who had just finished preparing for their holiday leave.
"With an excited voice, I was called to listen to the radio, send a weird game, and still asked so, it was clear to me that this is not a game and does not go on vacation," Uherskohradišťský says and tries to focus on experiences that have been laid down in the layer of five decades of the past.
SPECIAL: 50 years since the occupation of 1968. Read testimony from the Czech Republic and the world
He swallowed something quickly and went to the museum in anticipation of further development.
"Sometime before noon, a long column of the Russian army, Kunovice, approached, and upon his arrival in Hradiste a stream of military equipment broke down at a crossroads of Malinovská Street and Všehrdova Street in the square," explains Josef Jančář. that morning in August.
At that time, according to his words, a group of students from the School of Applied Arts appeared in the Slovak Museum.
50th anniversary of the August invasion
In the army he was involved in the anti-aircraft defense of Brno and he knew of possible air danger when he was two thousand kilometers away. Yet on August 21, fifty years ago, he could only sit helplessly with his arms folded and not grab the attack on the Warsaw Pact plane. Read Interview with Aleš Kuchař HERE.
Similar events take place in other Czech cities. The event starts at 15:00 on the Jakub Square. In Liberec people commemorate the victims of the monument on the monument on Dr. Square E. Benes at 9:00. In the afternoon a memorable event is followed by a display of authentic recordings and a concert of the songs of Karel Kryl. In Pilsen the main program starts at 14:00 in Namesti Miru, where organizers of the Czech radio will mainly remember the battle for radio and will worship the monument of the protector. There is a tank in front of the building.
The victims of the occupation will remember different commemoration events. There is a meeting at the Jan Palach monument on Wenceslas Square, where a symbolic torch is lit from 10 pm or flowers are placed on the plaque of the hunting gun student Marie Charousková. This memorial action is organized by the ODS and starts at 16.30 hrs at Rudolfinum, where the participants will go to the commemoration plaque in Klárov. In the Church of the Mother of God for Týn litoměřický bishop Jan Baxant will serve the mass as a victim of the occupation. The service starts at 18:00.
The atmosphere of 1968 brings the end of hope in connection with the Prague spring closer concert on Wenceslas Square, which starts at 20:00. Hits from the sixties, including the songs of Karel Kryl, accompanied by the Czech Radio Symphony Orchestra and by Petr Malásek. Marta Kubišová, Jan Kirschner, Aneta Langerová, Vojta Dyk and others sing.
The complete online report HERE
"They took six multiplex panels to prepare an exhibition and wrote each name on each panel called DUBEK, they formed a kind of crowd of people and went to the column.The residents started a square full of people, looking at a mixture of fear and resistance, after which the column returned to the intersection and headed for the old city ", says a 87-year-old witness.
In the city leaflets began to appear with protests and condemnation of the occupation, made in the gallery of the Slovácko museum and the district library.
"I also recall the military occupation of the Communist Party of the Communist Party, because I lived in Kolarova Street with my family, the tank and the soldiers in front of the house were visible from the bedroom, the disturbing feeling forced us to stay for several days. in the bedroom to sleep in the kitchen with windows across the street ", explains Josef Jančář.
And what was his next destiny?
"First of all, I was dismissed as director in 1969 and immediately released from the Slovakian museum with the idea of finding a manual job.I found it in peace peacekeepers in Lipov, where an employee of the Czech Communist Party came to see how much I deserved, but that is another chapter ", Josef Jančář remarks.
PhDr. Josef Jančář, CSc was born on June 16, 1931 in Těšov, Uherský Brod. After the Second World War he was taught in a weaver in Moravolen Šumperk. After graduating he went to grammar school and later went to Brno to study ethnography at the Faculty of Philosophy at the Masaryk University in Brno. After graduating in 1958, he joined the Slovak museum in Uherské Hradiště.
Between 1961 and 1964 he worked in the newly established regional center, the Center for Folk Art Production. From 1964 to 1969 he was the director of the Slovak Museum. He then worked for 10 years at the Peace Defenders JZD in Lipov. In 1979 he was admitted to the Folk Art Institute in Strážnice (in the personal title of his director, PhD Slávka Volavý), where he worked until 1990 as an expert. He then became the director of this institution, which was transferred to the Ministry of Culture under the name of the National Institute of Folk Culture. Until 1997 he was in charge. His publishing activity is very rich. During his lifetime he published more than 200 studies and he wrote seven books in which he first occupied himself with traditional crafts, building museums in nature, history of the field and contemporary folklorism. His latest publication is Ethnography in Moravia and Silesia in the borders of the 20th century. Published in 2014.