Biowaste of foodstuffs – TZB-info

For organic biogas plants it is not only their own material (organic fertilizers, etc.), but it is supplemented with crops. In general kukuice is used, but it can be replaced by a nourishing sheep. For example, it is useful for the costs of land use and long-term persistence and also reduces soil erosion.


From renewable energy sources not only electricity or heat, but also biogas can be extracted. Biogas plant (BPS), as is well known, two factories were mainly sanan for the removal and recovery of organic waste, city sludge and the like. Their potential was later born in agriculture, where in addition to organic fertilizers (including manure or slurry), the members of the crop, the most important maize, are used. Although biogas has been given a boost, it is often affected by soils. It is a problem that has recently worsened, as a result of the snakes, and thus seeking and giving, the kind of plants, especially in the middle and persevering. One of them is a long-lived feeder. We have been using it since 2007 for the production of biogas. We started with the first laboratory tests, in collaboration with VZT (Vzkumn state of agricultural technology) and after a positive result we used the fruit to test it in the operational conditions of new biogas. station. The Senovan shek was buried in the mall of the shopping center, along with the corn and the boar. The fermentation was fully standardized and was gradually used in all BPS operations.

The results of gradually gained experience

FIG. 1. Sb
FIG. 1. Sbr material for model experiments: maize, oocyte, digest

In the course of model experiments we have compared the cumulative yield of biogas in different varieties that have been fed to the bark of maize and sheep. For both crops the digest was removed from the BPS in the same two phases. We have removed the cucumber and the sheep as green biomass from the surrounding fields, BPS (see Figure 1). The biogas on the sheep was similar to maize, and in one of the variants it was even fed to the maize (see Kra, Petkov: fodder crop for the production of biogas, Zemdlec, 18 February 2008).

Sheep were first used in BPS (Trutnov) shortly after the operation. After the addition of 1/3 sheep the fermentation process was standardized and the fear did not seem to have a negative effect in this direction (see Figure 2, 3).

FIG. second
FIG. 2. Shepherd & # 39; s dream to use the moon after the start of the new BPS
FIG. 3. General
FIG. 3. Overview of BPS

Some landlords were attracted by the experience, who then took the sheep to examine them. Not all cases were spp. Bohuel strado nzor, the shek grows, it is only "weed" and does not require dn-eating. In these cases it was obviously not his job. The feed is a crop of crops that are fed until dusk, so that you can fertilize it regularly and then dump it, in accordance with the reliable agro-technology. Wherever they came, the results were good. Instead, I used a backyard in the entrance halls, where the sheep were used for 7 years for BPS needs in a range (about 70 ha). During this period, the results were established and the experience gained so far has been improved.

Shelf for the BSP needs

In an extensive overview of the sheepskin for use in BPS, the string is also described with star results, and then you can build on the experience of the past year.

sheep in the entrance echoes had to be planted in April 2010. The basis of the plant in this case was spp, as seen on the photo documentation of the first year of the vegetation. After the emergence, the vegetation was invaded by a regular view, even after a type of progeny – on August 23, 2010 – it was connected, fully connected and without weeds (figure 4). The quality of such a stand is not only a good example of a high yield, but it is also a reliable way to protect the soil against water erosion. This is one of its usefulness, or it can also be worn on undulating land, not in the case of tradin kukuice, where erosion, on the other hand, is. Since the second year of the vegetation, this plant has grown in the first main plant at about 2 m and has therefore reached sufficiently high intakes. The example is the vegetation of 2015, ie estillet, skipped on 22 May (figure 5). In addition to the most important harvests, it is possible to harvest the so-called additional harvest in good weather, if there is sufficient moisture, but what has been a problem lately. (Figure 5) as well as the shear rate, usually in the blockage (Figure 6).

FIG. 4. Pln
FIG. 4. Fully involved ovation – 1st year
FIG. 5. Harvest
FIG. 5. Harvest in the 6th year of the vegetation

The good results with the BPS for the BPS were the main findings of the herbaceous plant basin in the years that Kadoron was discarded and regularly harvested. For this Digestt can be used as a secondary product of BPS. This is not only suitable because it is not necessary to buy the fertilizer, but also because it can be used for the fertilizer of the egg cell and therefore two, not in the case of the fertilization of other crops. Pihnojen ovku is suitable to do immediately after the first harvest, usually at the end of May (figure 7) when other crops have to be in full plant growth. The digest can also be applied during the winter harvest and depending on the situation, resp. in the future even after additional supplements, or in the fall before discovered.

FIG. 6. Sil
FIG. 6. Sheep power for BPS
FIG. 7. Fertilizer
FIG. 7. Fertilization of the digestion of the oocytes after the 1st sei

BPS Overneed for the last time

It was claimed that the BPS was used for BPS expressing, and thus its fertile application in biogas production was gradually established and given to farmers in different areas of R. These are the results of the last 2 and 3 years, from the area of ​​Jin van Plzen or North Moravia. The positive experience with these new areas with shaving has been confirmed (see no.).

When the first herb is cultivated, the conservatism of the farmer is also evident and he wants to ensure that he is on top of the smaller parcels. This is appropriate in case the subsequent spawning of the pelvic area is also a concern of the men (as is the case, or the area is often agronomic). This advanced experience will then be useful in large areas and prevent errors (although agro-technology is well developed). This is understandable and usually expressed, as in this case. the sheep were sieved deeper, it was not the fool's fault. It is therefore appropriate to "test" the baking dish for the first time in Plzeň only for 3 ha, or it is necessary to sow silences up to a depth of about 2 cm. Sp can take the set to the surface of the ground, not its so-called "drowning". Then grew and uneven, the vegetation became boring and sometimes long, not full. Due to the subsequent flooding, however, the plant grows well after these errors, during the first year of the vegetation, as was the case in this case. For example, it is from FIG. 8, at the harvest in the following year, when the vegetation was overwhelmed. With the addition of the other half, this experience was applied or, in this case, during the grinding period, the stock was regularly processed and was therefore a promise of high yields in the following years (Figure 9).

FIG. 8. Harvest
FIG. 8. Harvest the sheep "for testing" in the 2nd year
FIG. 9. Grow
FIG. 9. Sheep on the right set

FIG. 10th
FIG. 10. Sheep 2 tdny before the harvest, 24. 5. 2018
FIG. 11. First
FIG. 11. The First Sheep, May 29, 2017 after the fall

This procedure has been demonstrated, as shown by the growth in the second year of vegetation, before the 1st main harvest (Figure 10). The vegetation is dense, fully connected, reaches a height of 2 m. The same growth is on the half polka with a scale of sheep, which currently reaches an area of ​​45 ha. The base of the plant and the subsequent basin are therefore fully evaluated.

The results of the sowing areas of the sheep in these places are scarce, even though the leton year (2018) has repeatedly been "so" and has been proven to be plagued by a number of other crops. It is possible to predict that if there was enough of a squeegee, it would have been possible to go there.

FIG. 12. Biogas
FIG. 12. Biogas station where the sheep are used

With the local sheep in this place it was a great experience to go in the fall. One field was sent to the sheep at the end of the summer (ie 3 September) in the spring of the year. although she usually sits on the yes, but if the field for the set is done in the fall or the jet in the later, it is appropriate to use this term. This is because the planting on the yese is two roots and I will create it in the first year of the first harvest that is useful for the BPS needs (Figure 11), instead of the sheep being sown and the whole year round and set as usual in eg. With this term all progress of the sheep is accelerated, so that the plant produces the fruit of the plant, which is an important part of the harvest. This is where the weeds are in the first year of its existence. In contrast to the so-called odplevelovac, it is not possible to do this in the field, but this biomass and weed can be used in BPS (figure 12) as the first spring harvest or, if necessary, to feed the cattle.

Another example of a canyon on the ground is the site in the vicinity of Moravsk Tebov. Here was the first plant to be sown as standard in 2017 (2017), as is the case in the past. the sheep were sown correctly, that is silence, and so the crop was regularly taken away from the source of spring, and although it was so dry this year. It was important that the field was ready for you and that the deadline could already be reached in April. It was used to ride the winter stream, although the water in the PD was not good enough. But it was done to bloom the seeds and to lure the plants of the sheep, which was decisive.

In the course of all vegetation, the vegetation was equipped according to the recommended agrotechnical reserves. The first was the so-called odplevelovac, when the whole plant was poseen (including the weeds with weeds) and the moss remained in the field. The field was then digested by digestion, which helped the sheep to replicate rapidly and create a strong, well-plowed crop that was collected and harvested for BPS (see Figure 13). Although this plant is not completely weed free, it can be used for this purpose. In the same way it was harvested for BPS and after a repeated digestion the digest has grown into a fully grown vegetation in the autumn, as shown in Fig. 14. This is, among other things, proof that the flock of sheep will dump the vegetation throughout the year, from spring to autumn, which is undoubtedly the best protection against water erosion.

FIG. 13th
FIG. 13th Sheep before 2nd was used in BPS, June 30, 2017
FIG. 14. Fig
FIG. 14. Obrystno 7. 10. 2017

The first year of vegetation was therefore very high in these places, when it was used for two consecutive years as biomass for BPS and four times in a row. It is not forgotten all year only for the back garden and odplevelovn what is otherwise usual. Only after the second year of the vegetation do all sheep see for their own use (for BPS or for cattle feed) and that is why they are the so-called first harvest year. The redhead of the shepherd who brought this shepherd so well, reflected in his growth and development. That is why she has fully confirmed her experience: if she gets the necessary juice and the right vivu, she will bear fruit. Although the egg does not produce fructose stems in the first year of vegetation, but only drops to the ground, the bag has been drained, as shown in Fig. 13 and 14.

FIG. 15th Vegetation p
FIG. 15. Growing from the first main harvest in the 2nd year of the vegetation

The first year of vegetation, as seen here, was very scarce in this place, and was therefore a pseudo-poor growth in the following year. This has been confirmed, as appears from Fig. 15. The vegetation was very good over the whole area, the density was sufficient to grow and reached about 2 m. The contribution of the biomass is therefore the first crop year high, the yield was 24 t / ha. It is not possible to drive maize, used for biogastations, but in comparison with corn it is very early harvesting – end of May – that is, at a time when the maize only rises (or even sows) at that moment. Moreover, the overall harvest of the ovum can be improved by the so-called add-on after the first main harvest of the sheep according to the figure and can therefore be used, as was the case with the two experiments of its action for the BPS in the inputs ( see in). Of course, the intensity of the images after the first harvest is poor, especially at that moment, it is essential that you at least give up the challenge and thereby secure the required volume.

Pine, still a mild backyard for BPS needs, is, among other things, the economic power of the man compared to other agricultural crops, with pen and time. In contrast to the corn, the costs were almost half, as with the two, in the entrance echoes. However, economic evaluation does not include one of the best options, namely the reliability of soil erosion problems, which in the case of peanuts on the other hand. the sheep is long-lived by a crop that protrudes deep into the lower horizon of the soil, so that the soil is reliably attached to the soil surface. According to the pomh, a cattle feed that is in the field from spring to late autumn. of the sheep field for the entire vegetation period under the vegetation, as well as the erosion that occurs as in the case of the crops of annual crops. Therefore, if the economic assessment includes the use of this fruit as a suitable way of erosion, the economy would be considerably worse. This is mainly the country on the unions, where the corn does not comply with the official rules.

The sheep farm for the BPS has also grown up in this "new" place, and that is why the cattle feed is growing its spawning area and will gradually feed and replace the corn.

Summary and copies

The application of the feed on the biogas wind is more than 10 years old. The recapitulation of the results gradually results in it being effective to use this elm. This happened both in the model tests and in the BPS operations, where it was eaten in the irrigated areas at various locations throughout R. In fermentation in BPS, sheep such as Kuk (I gave biomass) doping or replacement of maize. The main advantage over a year-old maize is the long-term endurance, which protects the soil against erosion, ripples and hilly terrain. Moreover, it is important that it is harvested at the end of May and the arrest in June, when there is no shortage of water in the pond, which is a problem in the last time. Therefore the shearing qualities can be used in a range also for biogastations in R.

English synopsis
Biogas made from feed sorrel

There is insufficient material for agricultural biogas stations from their own activities (organic fertilizers, etc.), so it is supplemented with targeted crops. Maize is generally used, but it can be replaced by a feed pellet. It has many advantages, such as lower cropping costs and endurance in the long term, which limits soil erosion.

It can be so funny

Where dl

Source link

Leave a Reply