The day of Czech independence reminds the national pattern. We do not know much about the life of Prince Wenceslas iROZHLAS



The Czech Republic reminds Friday of its patron saint Wenceslas. It is usually depicted in armor, with a sword and a shield, we know little about his life. Although the children in primary schools are already learning about it, most of us only remember that he was murdered in Stara Boleslav on 28 September. But historians do not agree if it was in 929 or 935.



Stará Boleslav



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Statue of St. Wenceslas | Photo: PublicDomainPictures | Source: Pixabay | CC0 Creative Commons, ©

"The saint was a very sophisticated prince, he read and wrote Latin, and at that time he was very little." Thus St. Wenceslas is reminiscent of the comic series The history of the strong Czech nation. The prince's life does not know much about it.

It was raised by grandmother Ludmila, who was murdered by her daughter-in-law Vaclav's mother Drahomir. And little information is about the death of the saint, historians are mainly dependent on medieval legends. "They testify how Václav is awakened in the morning, attacked by Boleslav and is killed by Boleslav družiníky after the fight," explains historian Josef Žemlička of Radiožurnál.


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The only direct source of the life of St. Wenceslas is, according to historian Petru Kubin, the chronicle of Vidukind: "He mentions that Boleslav killed his brother, that this defeated prince was particularly pious, and the Christian prince and that some miracles were told. "

The cult of St. Wenceslas, after Kubin, was expanded in the tenth century. "I think it was Boleslav II., A cousin of St. Wenceslas, because he was appointed Bishop of Prague, even though we do not have any message in the sources here, the cult probably appears in the 70s of the 10th century. And it is also likely that Boleslav II is buried in the cathedral next to St. Wenceslas, that is, in the current St. Wenceslas chapel, in the tomb with the K1 mark, "adds the historian.

As the eternal ruler of the Czech land, Václav was declared in the 12th century. It is from that time that St. Wenceslas & # 39; s choir comes.

The National Saint annually annually reminds thousands of people of Stará Boleslav. A rare relic – the skull of the saint – returns to the city 24 hours. Last night the night before the pilgrimage was guarded by Václav Šeferna. & # 39; In the presbytery we had disguised sleeping bags and sleeping bags. Then we had a prayer watch downstairs in the crypt and we exchanged in half an hour, "he says.

Together with him, the skull was guarded by the skull of the lecture chapter Libor Bulin during the entire pilgrimage period. "The easiest thing to see is to be there, when it's night, it's good to sleep, so we sleep with the skull, we look at it and it's much better than any other security device, because if anything happens, as we say, "says Bulin.

Pilgrimage on the Holy Grail is celebrated this year by archbishop of Olomouc Jan Graubner.

Veronika Šírová


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