Is it permissible to fast on the day of & # 39; Ashura only? & # 39 ;, A question answered by Dar al-Iftaa. She said in her answer: Yes, it is permissible to fast only on Ashura, there is nothing wrong with that, because it is not allowed to fast alone. Ibn Abbas (may Allaah be pleased with them both) said: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) offered the city and saw the Jews fast on the day of Ashura. "What is this?" They said, "This is a valid day." This is the day that God saved the children of Israel from their enemy. He deserves more Moses than you. & # 39; And commanded his fast. Narrated by al-Bukhaari in his Sahih.
Ashura: It is the tenth day of the holy month of Allah, and his fast is fixed from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and the Sunnah is actual and authentic.
But it is mustahabb to hold on the ninth day of the month Muharram with the day of "Ashoora." It was told that & # 39; Abd-Allaah ibn & # 39; Abbaas (may Allah be pleased with him) said: When the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) fasted on Ashura and commanded his fast, they said: Allah (peace and blessings) of Allah be upon him) said: "If next year, if God willing, we will fast on the ninth day." He said: The following year did not come to the Messenger of Allah E and blessings. Narrated by Muslim in his Sahih.
And the Hanafi went on to say that the day of Ashoora at fasting is haraam because it is makrooh to defile it. On that basis it is permissible to fast Allaah only on the tenth day of the month, and it is mustahabb to live the day before or the day after.