Najib Mahfouz returned to the novelist and writer, to create more controversy about politics and religion and courage and cheese, thanks to an important book published by the writer Mohammed Sha & # 39; ir «children of our neighborhood .. Biography of the forbidden novel », The first part of the project trio of barley, guards the Naguib Mahfouz literature in the history of Social and political life for a phase that Mahfouz has long lived, he lived in conflicts and transformations and presented a literary and literary project that most is complete on the Arabic level and one of the most important literary projects in world literature.
As well as a social history of Egypt during the twentieth century and the two major wars and revolutions 19 and July. In his book "The Biography of the Forbidden Novel" Muhammad Shair presents a research, research and documentation of the circumstances surrounding the novel "The Sons of Our Neighbor." This is the first part of the literary biography of Naguib Mahfouz, which is "a complete biography on the modernity of Egypt and Egypt".
The novel, which was published in a series in Al-Ahram, led to a conflict and was attacked by the parties of the religious establishment, and some of them tried to stop their publication serially, and Naguib Mahfouz was subjected to investigation because he was accused of rewriting the stories of the prophets, which Mahfouz denied "Is the central novel in the world of Naguib Mahfouz, and" his life is no longer like his life before ".
Indeed, the novel was central to the history of Naguib Mahfouz and Arabic literature, hence the importance of the literary effort that Muhammad Sha & # 39; ir exercised in his search for a literary biography of Naguib Mahfouz, a biography of literature, cultural conflicts and the dichotomies of the divided conflict from the beginning of the twentieth century to today.
Since the rise of the children in our neighborhood has not stopped the conflict, some older sheikhs in Al-Azhar and beyond tried to stop the publication of the series in Al-Ahram, including those belonging to the camp of moderation, and ended the prevention of printing and publishing of the novel in Egypt and only a series published in Al-Ahram, The world of Najib Mahfouz is surrounded by his circumstances. When Mahfouz won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1988, the children of our neighborhood were among the reasons for winning. In 1995 the radical Sheikh Sheikh Al-Adeeb was stabbed. The judge asked the man who challenged Naguib Mahfouz: Why did he stab him?
And the murderer said: because he is an unbeliever and he is outside the kingdom
Judge: How did you know that?
The accused: from his novel "The children of our neighbor"
The judge asked in succession: have you read the children of our neighborhood?
The young man said: No.
The young man's confession revealed a model in the oral reconciliation on the basis of nouns, although there were interpretations that the children in our neighborhood considered a confirmation of the legends of the texts.
It is important that Naguib Mahfouz Sameh who tried to kill him as usual, which some observers saw as a kind of refuge or the "cheese" of Naguib Mahfouz against the extremist forces, as well as his political positions of power, which was the impact of Dr. Siza Kassem during the discussion about the forbidden biography of Muhammad Shaer.
What is important is that Naguib Mahfouz was attacked from different angles, from left and right, but he continued his way as a literary writer, he presented a social and political history to Egypt, he could present his views without rhetoric or assertion. .
Mohammed Shaer tries to write a literary biography and a journey of research into hundreds of documents and magazines to follow the crisis of the novel, which was beyond the Naguib Mahfouz crisis, to become a struggle around thinking and texts and society and transformations of ideas and the struggle of binaries of freedom and tyranny, past and present, literary texts and religious text.