Ethiopia: Improving the supply of medicines throughout the nation

Ensuring an uninterrupted and honest delivery of medicines and medical supplies plays an important role in achieving better health care across the country. Medical institutions in the country must receive adequate and continuous supplies of medicines to meet the needs of the public at their respective locations.

The Pharmaceutical Fund and Supply Agency (PFSA) has carried out distribution of materials used for treatment and medicines for the treatment of cancer, kidney, diabetic diseases, pandemics and drought-affected areas, which amount to 2,708,836,193.01 Ethiopian birr.

And an additional health program with HIV AIDS protection, family planning, vaccination activity and tuberculosis protection came into force with the regular time of 13,513,615,277.04. Ethiopian birrs.

PFSA Director-General Dr. Loko Abraham said that we have already distributed pharmaceutical stocks worth approximately 16.2 billion Birr this year. In Ethiopia there are 17,000 health posts, 3,000 health centers and 414 hospitals. We distribute this material for those health services with affordable prices in a sustainable way, Dr. Loko. The agency can supply medicines and materials for all those sectors.

Minister of Heath. Amir Aman says that we can facilitate light, water and other necessary materials for the hospitals and health centers that have been built over the past two years instead of building new ones.

Dr. Amir explains that there are many problems with the delivery of medication to the health centers. The cause of the problems are two important things, like Dr. Amir said that the first internal problems are because the agency is making a structural change, there is a wrong reading and the other is the shortage of foreign exchange.

Even if this activity was carried out, there was a small problem with regard to the delivery of the products. Overall, the agency has distributed medicines and materials this year that are used for health care that 16,222,451,470.05 Ethiopian birr.

The government also has its own strategies to increase the delivery of products and domestic producers have an allocation of 50 percent. Even if there was an increase in supply, there was still a problem in relation to society. To alleviate this problem, the agency must enable knowledge exchange with different countries to be more effective.

The office was set up with the aim of supplying essential medicines to prevent the problem of the country. Actually, there was no identification type of medication at the time the distribution took place. Dr. Loko Abraham said. This has its own problems with regard to taking responsibility with regard to the necessities there by causing grievances in society.

The other thing is this activity limits the private sector contributions in delivering the products and there was also a mismatch between health centers and this has its own side effect in delivering health care products.

That is why the agency is looking for solutions to the problems that have occurred previously and there was also an identification of the products. The agency provides this identification to be responsible for the products that are delivered for the health care system, making the distribution of the medicines comfortable and reliable.

The agency can also set a condition in addition to reducing the products that will expire within six months to be distributed across all sectors to reduce the waste of the products. In this way, the product that has expired and is not used for many reasons this year accounts for about 0.94 percent and this indicates a healthy use of the products when compared to that of the average of the world health organization of 2 percent. .

In addition, there was a problem with regard to the sale of expired products due to the absence of relevant facilities and financing for this purpose. Loko. In order to be able to deal with the problems in a sustainable way, the bureau is building a smokeless incinerator in eight large city administrations that burn 4500 kilos of medicines, medical supplies and waste products within an hour. The incinerators cost 16 million dollars and each has four to five thousand square meters of land.

In order to strengthen the distribution management, the firm built 17 warehouses last year and provides services, but there was a lack of quality with regard to the construction and this has its own side effects with the products that accumulate in the warehouses. Now we are trying to solve this problem by building standard warehouses.

Previously we rented the warehouses of the private individuals to eliminate the shortage of warehouses that costs 23 million Ethiopian birr. Now we are completely avoiding the waste of budgets that make us incur extra costs by building a modernized department store with a capacity of 80 thousand cubic meters of medicines containing 10 thousand health care meters.

Last year the agency also played a central role by distributing medicines for the branches and for the health centers with 176 vehicles with refrigerators and each with GPS technology materials. This makes the agency an active, easy and smart distributor of the products for the health centers. In addition, the agency uses new technologies to control the delivery and distribution of the medicines.

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