Van Haile Demeke
Ethiopia has had several demonstrations in recent years due to various causes, mainly lack of good governance. Just as they were effective to pressure the government to implement reforms, they should also be properly guided, so that some forces would not hijack them for the execution of their bad goals, according to scholars in the field.
Dr Tarekegn Adebo Associate Professor and Senior Counselor for Peace and Conflict Resolution at the University of Addis Ababa says that demonstration is a matter of democracy, because people's participation is one of the manifestations. Transparency and accountability of the government are essential for the public to create trust between the people and the government.
"The demonstrations that have taken place in recent years have contributed to putting pressure on the ruling coalition to renew itself and to change its structure and administrative systems." The contribution of youth was very high for the current changes, "says Befikadu Bogale, Assistant Professor of Politics Science and International Relations at Dire Dawa University.
Although the popular rallies and movements ultimately led to change of leadership, they now seem to be overwhelmed by sporadic conflicts and havoc here and there.
Assistant Professor of Political Science and International Relations with Dire Dawa University Faajjii Chala stated that the demonstration lasting three or four years was caused by the imminent lack of good governance in the country. When those demonstrations took place, there was a destruction of property and also loss of lives and this has its own side effect with regard to the country's economy.
But some recent demonstrations in different parts of the country embrace bad targets because there are some groups in the demonstrations with a unique goal such as causing ethnic or sectarian violence, Faajjii argues.
He further reiterated that the main difference between the recent and earlier demonstrations was that the previous demonstration was mainly agitated by the pursuit of good governance, but recently there are some movements that have unfavorable goals.
Professor Befikadu, by his side, added that managing and supporting change is essential to continue the ongoing reforms. "The government must institutionalize the ongoing reform to ensure its sustainability." If the reform is institutionalized, it is possible that the government easily controls everything in all respects. "
The demonstrations are means to achieve a goal. That is why the structure has to be organized from top to bottom in order to work towards the current reforms. In addition, the security structure and also the government administration must organize well in a good way to protect the coming problems.
The government must create a forum of change for the public by responding immediately to their questions. If the government organizes strongly, it is easy to keep everything under control that has happened throughout the country. That is why the organizational structure of the government must be strong, as Professor Befikadu explained.
In addition, in order to avoid problems that arise during such an event, the youth must cooperate with security forces and other government agencies and bring the criminals to the law and give them an appropriate decision.
Every criminal must be responsible for the action that took place, for example, sometimes there was an idea that the people who committed a crime during the demonstration were left in a simple way because there is no information about the individual committing a crime and if this situation is it persists It is impossible to be part of the reforms.