VIDEO – A report recommends creating a fund with 40 million euros. "Unacceptable" for associations.
Half a century after the end of the Algerian war, the issue of harki's, Algerian "supplétifs" that fought for France, was always burning and the political return could be animate. In his report "Aux harkis, the grateful homeland", which was handed over to the minister of armies, Geneviève Darrieussecq, on 17 July, the prefect Dominique Ceaux called the tragedy "of these men, women, women and children, partially abandoned in their homeland, disarmed, in the grip of extortion and bloodbaths, repatriated for another part in metropolitan France, uprooted, banished, then banished to camps, hamlets of forestry, urban cities ".
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At the end of the war, according to historians 55,000 to 75,000 harki & # 39; s were abandoned by France and 60,000 to 90,000 returnees and hosted in very poor conditions. The report contains 56 proposals aimed at recognizing the responsibility of the French state, the use of memory and, in a very measured way, the reparations. in The Sunday Journal on August 19, Geneviève Darrieussecq declares that, after asking the question to the head of state and the prime minister, she wants to make announcements on September 25, during the sixteenth national holiday of tribute to the Harkis (created by a Decree of 2003 under the chairmanship of Jacques Chirac).
Recognition of the nation
First possible measure: an official and symbolic gesture. The Ceaux report mentions a "parliamentary resolution to recognize the nation". In 2012, Nicolas Sarkozy had already said: "Nothing can excuse leaving those who have made the choice for France." And François Hollande acknowledged in 2016 "the responsibilities of the French governments in leaving rakes, the bloodbaths of those who have stayed in Algeria and the inhuman conditions of the families who have been transferred to camps in France".
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Second reflection field: memory. The Ceaux report refers to the awarding of decorations, the maintenance and collection of oral and written archives or teaching through "cross-border interventions of witnesses (harks, returnees, conscripts, independence officials) in schools, on the basis of voluntary work" or by a compulsory "doctrine of the Algerian war in high school and in high school".
These actions against the Harkis are likely to encounter two obstacles: financial prime for repairs. The Ceaux report recognizes that the state will not meet "all requirements, all expectations […]. It would cost a lot of money, which France does not necessarily have. Or no longer. Geneviève Darrieussecq talks about 40 million euros in four years. The representatives of the Harkis denounced an "unacceptable" report and a "ridiculous" proposal.
Another pitfall: relations with Algeria. On 7 July, the Foreign Minister, Jean-Yves Le Drian, pointed out that the issue of the harkis "is still central to the discussions (with Algiers) and has not been abandoned. (Paris) will do its best to address this problem. to resolve and to retain the right of the harks to return to their country ". Friday, the Algerian minister of Mojahedin replied: "The fate of the Harkis has been determined by history. (They) chose their camp, people who betrayed their country and their brothers have no place on our soil."