Paris – In a few hours millions of children and young people go through the doors of schools, colleges and high schools in France, expected by their teachers: a well-groomed ritual, with lots of tears for kindergarten but also joy to find friends for the elderly .
Back to school that the Minister of Education Jean-Michel Blanquer wanted to place "under the sign of happiness, joy and creativity", by renewing the operation"back to musicHe encourages schools to welcome children with "songs or concerts".
For this first day of school, President Emmanuel Macron moves to Laval in Mayenne in a college with an internship and a class for students with disabilities.
In the early morning, therefore, more than 12 million young people, mostly between 3 and 18 years old, will get to know one or more of the 881,000 teachers in national education.
"I do not want to go to school": Flavio, 4 years old, repeats this sentence every morning to his parents by standing up since mid-August.To reassure him, his mother, Laure, on Friday night for his kindergarten, in Courbevoie, has a picture of the lists made students, already posted, to show him that he will have many of his friends in his class in the recreation center.
If the students are a bit worried, it is the same for some teachers, especially those who are in the bath for the first time. This is the case of François, 38, who was received last year at the school teachers' competition. "I know that this first day will be crucial"Because"students, like parents, will wait for me to turn around", he says.
Teachers discovered their classrooms and learned about their schedule on Friday (before high school) because they start their day one day before the start of the year.
– Phone off or stored –
As for the parents, especially those of young children, can they come to work later on Monday? The question arises only for those who have imposed schedules. Labor law does not provide for the return of classes, depending on the collective agreement to which they are attached, or their business agreement.
What are the concrete changes that children will see in this new year?
For nursery and elementary students, a four-day school week in 85% of the municipalities of France (80% of the students). The mayors have largely granted the freedom granted to them by the Minister of Education shortly after his arrival rue de Grenelle.
Primary schools in priority educational networks have a maximum of twelve children per class in CP (REP and REP +). The same numbers decreased for part of the CE1 of REP +. That is a total of 190,000 school children. This flagship measure by Jean-Michel Blanquer runs into a local problem, as in Marseille for example.
If the school does not have two classrooms where only one is needed, the teachers then practice co-teaching (two lessons for a class of 25 students).
Be careful, the laptop is forbidden from this year, at school and at the university. It is up to each institution to choose the practical modalities to comply with this law, which was adopted in the summer (telephones extinguished, stored in a safe box …).
In recent years, the practice has been adopted by many colleges and laid down in their procedural rules. But now, school leaders can rely on the law.
In secondary school, second-year students experience the first effects of the reform of the baccalaureate, which will start a new study from June 2021 onwards. Their planning includes 54 hours dedicated to orientation.