Emmanuel Macron is on Wednesday, the first Council of Ministers of his second term of office.
The government is planning its political return, Wednesday 22 August, at the Elysee, with a Council of Ministers planned to launch many politically sensitive reforms. Poverty plan, health plan, pension reform and unemployment insurance … After two weeks of vacation, ministers and the president will discuss the major political projects announced before the summer holidays. So many delicate issues for the executive, which must deal with the aftermath of the Benalla affair and disappointing growth.
"Do not think I'm going to let go," said Emmanuel Macron this summer. In order to deal with the coming storm, the president chose a strategy that had already been used in his first mandate year: multiply the reforms and leave no room for the opposition. "We will not delay ", warns Gilles Le Gendre, deputy and spokesperson for the LREM group in the Assembly, at franceinfo. These are the most important files of autumn.
The budget, with lower growth than expected
Growth, which is slightly slower than expected in 2019, by 1.8% instead of 2%, is a thorn in the side of the government. At the same time, the president keeps his promise to the European Commission to limit the budget deficit to 2.3% of GDP, according to The world. Less income on the one hand, expensive projects to finance on the other: the comparison seems difficult to keep. "These hundreds of millions, you have to find them by implementing cutbacks"warns economist Christian Stoffaës, associate professor at the University of Paris 2 Panthéon Assas, interviewed by France 3.
Which sectors are targeted? On Wednesday afternoon, the president will receive Prime Minister Edouard Philippe to reveal his latest arbitrations. Also present are the Minister of Economy and Finance Bruno Le Maire, the Minister of Public Affairs and Auditing Gérald Darmanin, as well as the Ministers of Health and Labor, Agnès Buzyn and Muriel Pénicaud. Free budget cuts for subsidized jobs and housing subsidies are expected.
according to The Parisian, No announcement may be made public at the end of this meeting. But economists are concerned about the possible consequences of this decline in spending on the recovery of the French economy. "It it seems to me that it is necessary to let the deficit slip away in order to limit the risk of growth because the effort is there, praised by franceinfo Philippe Waechter, chief economist at Ostrum Asset Management. The real question is & # 39; do we have a goal on activity or work or a rather accounting goal? "
The executive will resume consultations with the social partners on the pension reform in September. An explosive problem that has given cold sweat to previous governments, who have had to deal with major social movements. For his part, Emmanuel Macron does not want to reach the statutory retirement age, which is set at 62 for the majority of employees. He wants to choose a diet "Universal" standardization of the 42 existing different plans.
"I think there will be mobilisations to maintain our current regime and defend our social model ", the secretary general of Force ouvrière, Pascal Pavageau, warned Europe on Tuesday 1.
The poverty plan
Emmanuel Macron promised it during his speech to Parliament in July last congress: the poverty plan will be presented "in September" and implemented "in 2019". That is "a real priority", insists on franceinfo Agnès Buzyn, Minister of Health.
We will work on young people, offer them a real chance of equality and work on professional integration.on franceinfo
Will social assistance be maintained in this context? On 13 June Emmanuel Macron provoked a controversy by declaring that they cost a prize "crazy money" and did not walk. "I agree with the diagnosis, it does not work, is in abundance Angès Buzyn. When someone is poor, one remains from generation to generation. It is a French specificity and we are working on it."
Agnès Buzyn, called for the budget meeting at the Elysée, will take care of as long as there will be "no discounts on monetary benefits"."Thethis plan will bring new measures, defended Agnes Buzyn. We are working on simplifying access to the law, which is technically called a single social payment. ".
The health plan
Another delicate issue for the Minister of Health: the health plan that the hospital must reform. This reform has already been postponed and aims to transform the health system in France in a "global" way. In February, "five major projects" Priorities were identified: quality and relevance of care, financing of hospitals, training and quality of the working life of health professionals, digital change and the territorial organization of care.
The government wants to hunt down unnecessary medical procedures, reduce the costs of hospital activities and use urban medicine to unclog health facilities. But the discomfort of caregivers is great.
"How can we correct things if we have allowed states to deteriorate, lead to a catastrophic situation today, with the shortage of doctors, the closure of emergency services, motherhood?, interviewed Tuesday at franceinfo Hélène Derrien, chairman of the national coordination of hospitals and motherhood in the neighborhood. How can we hope with a reform to solve a problem that has not been resolved for years? " The minister responded and said that there would be no "no closure of a local hospital".
The reform of unemployment insurance
On the side of the world of work, the government wants to renegotiate the rules of unemployment insurance with the social partners who manage the system. The government warned that it could continue with a decision if the trade unions did not agree, notice The Parisian.
The manager wants the trade unions to look again at the remuneration of job seekers and the long-term unemployed. The trade unions want them to introduce a bonus-malus on employer's contributions, to punish companies that abuse short-term contracts. The executive power is in favor, but the employers are against it.
Consultations between the trade unions and the executive branch to set up a framework for negotiations should start at the end of August. The implementation of the measures is planned for 2019.
This is an important promise from Emmanuel Macron. The constitutional reform, discussed this summer in the Assembly, was suspended with the revelation of the Benalla affair. It provides in particular for speeding up the parliamentary procedure, giving more autonomy to local authorities or allowing the President to respond to members of parliament for Congress, list Le Figaro.
The chairman of the meeting, François de Rugy, was in favor of a resumption of debates "September or October", in an interview Parisian. A risky agenda, according to Benjamin Morel, public law professor at the Sorbonne, interviewed by release. "It is likely that the opposition will continue to visit the Benalla case in September to block the debate", he says.
As the parliamentary agenda is very tight in September, the government will have to choose between progress in the examination of this constitutional reform or the PACT (action plan for the growth and transformation of companies), which is rejected several times. This project aims in particular to privatize various public companies, to develop employee share ownership or to reduce the tax on incentive bonuses in small and medium-sized enterprises.
Reform of public services
Another reform expected by trade unions is that of "public action". This project should change the remuneration of government employees, with greater individualization of pay, improvement of social dialogue and mobility of civil servants and increase in the number of contract staff. In particular, the government wants one "mission contract" up to six years before this. Trade unions see it as one "Attack" against the status of official.
The members of the government meet during the seminar on August 31 in the Elyseepaleis to determine the precise timetable for the reforms.