While the teachers have already returned, franceinfo takes stock of the novelties of 2018 in the lessons.
The teachers returned to school on Friday, August 31, a few days before their students, expected Monday in the institutions. Many changes are introduced in this new year 2018, from primary school to high school. If the guidelines were already known, the Minister of Education, Jean-Michel Blanquer, said these measures during the traditional press conference of re-entry, Wednesday 29 August. These are the most important evolutions.
The "classes to 12" are extended to 190,000 students from CP and CE1
Promise campaign Emmanuel Macron, the split of several classes of primaries started in September 2018 will increase, according to Jean-Michel Blanquer. Up to now, 60,000 CP students from REP + institutions (upgraded networks for priority education) were involved in the project. In the autumn of 2018, 3,200 resuscitation classes in REP and 1,500 classes CE1 in REP + will be split, according to the Ministry of Education. In total, cThere are now 190,000 students who will benefit from "lessons up to 12". They should be 300,000 by September 2019.
This reduction is being praised by teachers. But trade unions fear a lack of buildings: this measure requires two rooms, where up to that time was enough. "Only 10 to 15% of classes will encounter a logistical problem in September", assured Jean-Michel Blanquer, for whom it is about the "main measure of social justice". To deal with this, 3,800 positions will be created in the basic building, the Minister explains.
Mathematics and French programs are "adapted"
Read, write, count, respect others. It is with the aim to strengthen the acquisition of "fundamental knowledge" that Jean-Michel Blanquer announced in June "adjustments" of programs. Edeveloped by the High Council of Programs in spring, iThey relate to mathematics, French and moral and civic education.
In French, the emphasis will be on vocabulary, reading and writing. The goal: that all students have acquired "automatic decoding of the alphabetic code" at the end of the CP, returns the document of the presentation of the return. Moreover, during his press conference, Jean-Michel Blanquer emphasized the importance of the regular practice of dictation to consolidate automatisms.
In mathematics, the recommendations of the Minister are based on the mission report 21 measures for mathematics education, conducted by MP Cédric Villani and Inspector General Charles Torossian. They particularly support daily mental calculation and "cultivate the meaning of the four operations" (addition, subtraction, multiplication, division) of the CP.
Educational evaluations are set up from school to high school
Pin the presidential program of Emmanuel Macron ("nWe will introduce personalized reviews at the beginning of each year, from the large section to the third "), evaluations focus on French and mathematics.
These will take place in the beginning and mid-year from the start of 2018. In September they will concentrate on "the dexterity of children to manipulate sounds", "the ability of the students to understand words, sentences or a short text read by the teacher", the "knowledge of numbers up to 10" and "possibility to mobilize them in a simple situation". Between January and February they will concentrate on "the acquired" students, including the "fluent reading".
"In the same spirit", the evaluation introduced in CE1 is intended "What must be acquired, so be it. " "In French it focuses on the ability to quickly decode words, read aloud, understand a simple text, spell the most common words, says the ministry. In mathematics it is about the use of integers greater than 10 and the first notions of geometry. " Parents will receive "an individualized feedback from the professors", details the Ministry of National Education.
These assessments take place in the sixth and second, high school students, will pass a "positioning test" on a digital tablet, still in French and mathematics, the minister announced. The test is divided into two sessions of fifty minutes: the first on the study of language and reading and writing, the second on data management, figures, calculation, geometry and literal calculation.
About fifty hours will be spent on orientation in the second place
In general and technological second, 54 hours will now be devoted to the discovery of training and professional sectors. this one "time dedicated to orientation", targeting "better prepared for further studies", include "Orientation weeks", observation periods and Immersion Trades Discovery Days. The minister insisted on the introduction "greater personalization of the courses".
These hours will be given by teachers, including senior teachers and documentalists, school heads and psychologists from national education, said the Ministry's statement. They associate region & # 39; s, professional locations and companies.
Laptops are now officially banned to the university
If many institutions already ban mobile phones, a new law adopted in August will fill a legal gap: the use of smartphones "or another connected device" (tablets, connected watches …) is now officially banned in kindergartens, primary schools and colleges, the Public life site specifies.
Until then, the phone was banned in class and "in the places specified in the rules of procedure" from each branch. The ban now applies both in the classroom and elsewhere in the school, and even during educational activities that take place outside the school, except for educational purposes. In secondary schools, the laptop can be banned by the internal rules of the institution.
At colleges to choose the prohibition modality: by canceling it or by placing lockers to deposit them on arrival at the establishment. The new legislation also opens the possibility to confiscate a telephone, which was only allowed in cases where it was dangerous. Disabled students shall benefit from deviations.
A majority of the municipalities return to the four-day week
Since the beginning of the 2017 school year, the municipalities can choose to return to the four-day week or stay for four and a half days. According to the estimates of the ministry, 80% of the cities and 85% of the schoolchildren are being stroked with the week of four days, the calendar that was drawn up in 2008 by Nicolas Sarkozy. Previously, school children usually had four and a half days of class, with Saturday morning.
To organize the reception of students on Wednesday, a "Wednesday plan" has to be set up by the local authorities. In practice, activities "with an educational ambition" will be proposed "in collaboration with the social and associative sector".
France differs from other European countries by fewer school days, which is accompanied by busy days, according to AFP. A rhythm that makes learning difficult is a regular reference to the OECD.
New degrees are created
New degrees are created, including seven certificates of professional competence (CAP), such as creamer cheese maker, electrician and installer in thermal installation. New BTS will also see the light of day (metal architecture, water professions, negotiation and digitization of customer relations and management in hotels and restaurants).