August 21, 2018
Emmanuel Macron was quite busy during this two-week holiday in Fort Brégançon (Var), with several international affairs to manage, that of the migrants of Aquarius and the capture of Oleg Sentsov among others. His return, however, promises much more pressure. From the poverty plan to the Pact Act for small and medium-sized enterprises, to the negotiations on pensions, "Year II" are starting with a series of reforms. Start of this marathon on Wednesday with a Council of Ministers around the final arbitration for the 2019 budget.
1 – A budget to arbitrate
When? August 22.
After two months of preparation, Gérald Darmanin has to complete its budget proposal for the year 2019. To do this, the government must confirm the document Wednesday to Elysee, Emmanuel Macron and Edouard Philippe to make their final arbitrations. With less growth than expected, the exercise promises to be difficult for the executive, which has to save more. With a complicated target to maintain, to reduce the deficit to 2.3% of GDP.
Read also – Budget: this is why the return of the government seems difficult
2 – The "EU reform", the first foreign policy dossier
When? 27-30 August.
Emmanuel Macron will not stay in France for long. Next week will be dedicated to the European Union with a busy program: opening speech of the ambassadors' conference on Monday 27, state visit to Denmark on 28 and 29 August for a detour to Finland on 30 August. After nine months of the European elections, the president tries unsuccessfully to defend his project "reform of the European Union". Emmanuel Macron should also discuss the issue of migrants, after agreeing with some of his European counterparts this summer, the need to find a sustainable solution for the reception of refugees crossing the Mediterranean.
3 – The large consultation on pensions
When? Early September.
In early September, the government will resume its consultations with the social partners on the pension reform promised before 2019. Emmanuel Macron previously excluded the statutory retirement age, which is currently set at 62 in most cases. and denied all plans to abolish the survivors' pensions. But beyond these two red lines, the executive power has not yet detailed its real intentions. The conclusions of the High Commissioner for Reforming the Pension System, Jean-Paul Delevoye, are expected for December-January.
4 – A long-awaited poverty plan
When? Mid September.
After a plan in the suburbs that many associations consider disappointing, the eyes are now looking at the poverty plan, announced in October 2017, planned for July and postponed for mid-September. This "strategy", the implementation of which is scheduled for 2019, "will not be satisfied with proposing a classic redistribution policy" but "a real support for activity, work, health, housing, education", promised Emmanuel Macron at the beginning of July while he "mad money" was castrated for "poor people" [qui] stay poor. "Breakfast in schools with priority, financial premium for crèches for underprivileged children, gradual introduction of a single social benefit should be included.
5 – Unemployment insurance, third installment
When? Mid September.
For the third time since the beginning of 2017, the social partners will have to renegotiate the rules of unemployment insurance at the request of the government. The executive wants trade unions and employers who manage the scheme to introduce a bonus malus on employer contributions to punish companies that abuse short contracts. A reform that currently blocks employers' organizations. Consultation must take place on the return to the Elysee, Matignon and the Ministry of Labor.
6 – A pact law expected for six months
When? The parliamentarians return on 12 September. Agricultural law, tax evasion and the Pact Act are on their agenda.
Several times postponed, the Pact Act will finally be discussed at the beginning of the school year. With 70 articles covering all aspects of the life of SMEs and their employees, the bill, which Bruno Le Maire presented to the Council of Ministers in June, anchors the government's policy in the logic of & # 39; pro companies & # 39; who are defended by Emmanuel Macron. However, MEPs are already planning to change it. In the JDD, 22 delegates said that they "want to move on" during Sunday work.
Read also – Sunday work: majority MPs want to "go further"
7 – An excellent constitutional reform
When? Postponed in July, the study of the first law must go back to the National Assembly, which will be reopened on 12 September.
Suppression of the court of the Republic, reform of the conditions for the production of the law, reduction of the number of members of parliament, proportional dose … The content of the constitutional reform that Emmanuel Macron wanted to have is great. However, the first part, which was discussed in the National Assembly in July, was postponed due to the Benalla case. And on August 1 Richard Ferrand, the leader of the deputies on march, hinted that the revision of the constitution could be abolished, that the main commitments of the head of state could stand a "law" institutional. "A question decided" in September, according to government spokesman Benjamin Griveaux. A source quoted by AFP, Emmanuel Macron remains "determined to complete the constitutional reform."
Read also – Institutional reform: what the government project contains
8 – Officials to convince
When? In September.
The consultation on the reform of the civil service between the government and civil servants' unions should also be resumed in September for the drafting of a bill in the first half of 2019. Once again, blockades are numerous for the wishes of the government. The latter wants more "flexibility" in the management of government officials. One of the projects criticized by the trade unions was the creation of a "contract of contract" of up to six years or the extension of the use of contract workers for "permanent jobs of category B and C".
9 – The beginning of the health system review
When? This fall.
Just like the Poverty Plan and the Pact Act, the & # 39; global transformation & # 39; of the health system postponed from last spring to autumn. The aim is to provide answers to the malaise of health care providers and the chronic shortage of hospitals. In particular, the government wants to reduce the "activity allowance" of hospitals, look for "useless" medical procedures and rely on urban medicine to reduce congestion. "There will be no closure of a local hospital," Agnès Buzyn, the Minister of Health, promised on Tuesday morning at Franceinfo.
10 – PMA, very sensitive subject
When? This fall.
Will he honor Emmanuel Macron's promise of a medically assisted procreation (PMA) for all women? After the Estates General of Bioethics, an invoice, presented by the end of the year, must address this issue. Emmanuel Macron "does not like these topics because he thinks these are debates that are frantic to society", a walker who was interviewed by AFP at the end of July deciphered. A deputy on the march, Guillaume Chiche, announced at the end of July in the JDD an account on the only PMA. Eventually he gave up his text in anticipation of the government version. At the same time, the idea of full reimbursement by the social security of the PMA must be invoked in the budget debates.
Read also – Guillaume Chiche, MP About the march: "My account opens the PMA for everyone"
A presidential palace to reorganize
In addition to these ten substantial reforms, Emmanuel Macron will also have to look at the functioning of the Elysée after the Benalla affair. The head of state had already launched an internal process in October 2017, but the scandal surrounding his former project manager convinced him to speed up this project. A "Director of Services", a kind of HRD from the Elysee, will be appointed and the services in charge of the presidential security will be merged into a single assignment.