POLITICS – Here is one that did not shake the prospect of rearrangement. Revelation of civil society ministers, popular (especially the right), Jean-Michel Blanquer enters his second school year for five years the undisputed boss of a national education and is considered difficult to maneuver.
While some of his colleagues in the government were dealing with strikes or coming back from the flames of controversies, the former director general of school education has so far gone by between the drops as she multiplied the reform sites. All without blinking, the line pragmatic and liberal, dear to the president of the republic.
This first comeback that he can absolutely control is a reflection of the activism of a minister, a small follower of style effects, but determined to shake an educational system in the grip of doubt. Abandoned to forge a reputation for authoritarianism among his opponents. Between symbolic directives and systematic reforms, the Blanquer method must be fully felt this year with the continuous duplication of CP and CE1 classes in deprived neighborhoods, presented as the "key measure of social justice" of the five-year period, access force of the prohibition of the portable or the beginning of the emblematic reform of the tank.
The Blanquer trash can on the test bench
The new baccalaureate formula is in itself a big challenge for the minister. While the reform of admission to college (Parcoursup) is still skating, failure is forbidden to redesign this exam that marks the end of high school.
If its entry into force in June 2021 becomes progressive, the reform will take effect this year for the second classes. Their planning includes 54 hours dedicated to information about orientation, after the holidays of All Saints. And at the end of the year, those who enter the First General will have to choose three specialty courses and no longer a series (S, ES or L), removed from the autumn of 2019.
So many steps that will be followed closely by the opposition, so far conciliatory with the minister, and the parents of students. The unions show their mistrust. "We still do not know about the resources (to this reform), nor about the organization, nor especially the content of the specialties" that the students taking part in the second class this year will have to choose in the third quarter for their passage in Premiere, warned Claire Krepper, national secretary of SE-Unsa, responsible for education. The regions, which are mainly responsible for secondary schools, also ask for more consultation.
Targeted evaluations, recruitment, earnings awards
Less visible but revealing of the philosophy that drives the minister, the willingness to allow staff and institutions to guarantee accounting results, is another large-scale project that is likely to cause a stir. "We have to go beyond the logic of compensating for the difficulty, to evolve towards a logic of stimulating success," says Jean-Michel Blanquer in an interview with the world.
To do this, it intends to extend the principle of evaluations (after CP and the 6th, the tests are extended to CE1 and 2nd) and at the same time ensured that they are only meant to reduce the gaps of students for better to identify them correct. "We are very concerned about this evaluation culture that goes hand in hand with a competition from schools," says Snuipp-FSU, the first union in the primary. After the students, the institutions must ultimately be evaluated. A national assessment body is installed.
The Minister of Education also wants to develop targeted recruitment of teachers to "stimulate" their careers and "give a little air to the system". And in line with Emmanuel Macron's campaign promise, national education staff working in deprived neighborhoods (REP +) will receive a first annual bonus of 1,000 euros as soon as the school year starts. But part of these bonuses will be conditioned & # 39; for the good results of the education teams & # 39;
Enough to feed the black legend of a Blanquer CEO of national education. "This famous pragmatism of which it claims itself is mainly to follow the steepest slope, that of individualism and liberalism", accuses the Obs the great specialist in pedagogy, Philippe Meirieu, who quantifies a "control by the results, with the greatest risk of forgetting the educational dimension". Critics who have not yet blanched the minister's lucky star.
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