These figures are important for millions of diesel owners and residents of the city: in 2018 the federal environmental agency has presented an initial balance of air quality. The news sticker.
17:36: The Federal Minister for the Environment, Svenja Schulze, welcomed the overall decline in the pollution of cities with nitrogen oxides, but still sees a need for action. "In the heavily polluted cities we still have to build in the hardware of diesel cars to clean the air and prevent driving bans", said the SPD politician on Thursday the German press agency. "Here we finally need the push from the automotive industry." The fact that air pollution is decreasing in many cities, however, shows that the measures already taken will start to take effect.
"Many other measures will be effective this year," Schulze said – such as adjusting vehicles for delivery and vehicles and additional funding for clean public transport. The municipalities now have a total of 1.5 billion euros of federal funds available for clean air and modern transport systems.
00:32: "The days without a speed limit are numbered, and even if the government does not care about the climate goals and the measures – there is no reason to endure the many road deaths, just to allow every speed fanatic to finally accelerate," said Green Party politician Kerstin. Andreae Thursday in the Bundestag.
Diesel emissions: Stuttgart and Munich are the most affected
00:09: Air pollution from diesel exhausts remains higher than is permitted in many German cities. In at least 35 cities, the EU limit value for harmful nitrogen dioxide (NO2) was exceeded last year, as the Federal Environment Agency (UBA) reported on Thursday according to new data. For 28 of the 65 cities that were above the limit in 2017, not all figures for 2018 yet have to be published. Environmentalists, Greens and the Left demanded much stronger countermeasures for cleaner air from the federal government.
The highest load was now Stuttgart with 71 micrograms of NO2 per cubic meter of air and Munich with 66 micrograms. Two cities, which were still green in 2017, exceeded the permitted value of 40 micrograms in 2018: 42 micrograms of NO2 was measured in Leipzig and Koblenz. However, four cities with exceedances in 2017 now set the limit: Regensburg, Ludwigshafen, Solingen and Halle (Saale). On the whole, NO2 pollution decreased slightly in the past year – on average by about two micrograms per cubic meter for traffic-related monitoring stations. While in 2017 45 percent of these stations were overvalued, in 2018 they were 39 percent according to a UBA projection.
President Maria Krautzberger said that the mandatory threshold since 2010 is still being exceeded in many cities, putting the health of the people living there at risk.
Limits and driving restrictions: Scouring urges the European Commission to revise limit values
Update January 31, 7:04 pm: The Federal Transport Minister Andreas Scheuer (CSU) has, as announced, commissioned the European Commission for a revision of the limit values for nitric oxide. In a letter to the EU Transport Commissioner, Violeta Bulc, Scheuer, according to the newspaper "Bild", refers Thursday to the criticism of a group of German pulmonologists on the previous limits.
"There are more and more voices in the German medical world, which cast doubt on the scientific derivation of the annual average value of 40 micrograms per cubic meter for nitrogen dioxide in the EU air quality directive", writes Scheuer. "The resulting discussion process raises doubts about the justification of the measures taken under the Clean Air program."
In order to "ensure our mobility", he considers it "urgently necessary for the European Commission to resolve the doubts that have been made in a timely and adequate manner and to investigate a re-assessment of the limit values", writes Scheuer, according to Bild. The goal should be "to objectify the entire debate on the basis of appropriate facts and accepted scientific methods". He wanted to include the issue at the latest by the EU Transport Council on June 6 and ask for this Bulces "support".
Video: Diesel demo in Stuttgart is growing
Criticism of scouring in a threshold discussion – in the way of Trump?
16.30 hours: The parliamentary director of the SPD party, Carsten Schneider, believes that Minister of Transport Andreas Scheuer (CSU), with his criticism of the suspended particles and nitrogen oxides, taxes the GroKo.
Scheuer had said in an interview at the weekend, he would put criticism from lung specialists at the borders in the EU Transport Council. But in the first place, in Germany "the masochistic debate must be ended, because we ourselves can damage and burden ourselves in Germany with increasingly strict limits."
Schneider reacted indignantly to these remarks and accused Scheuer of becoming more and more a burden on the relationship within the coalition and the acceptance of the federal government & # 39 ;. Already the installation of diesel vehicles had driven and hindered the Minister of Transport, so Schneider.
Even in other cases, scouring was noticed when implementing the climate targets only as a substitute. "So far, I have always heard no and no constructive proposal," said Schneider. Sanding on climate policy was "more in the way of Donald Trump than on progress". Schneider thus draws a parallel between Trump and Scheuer.
Limits: air in Munich better than expected – Reiter against diesel driving ban
Update January 30, 3:00 PM: The air in the capital is better than previously thought. At 16 of the 20 monitoring stations the statutory annual limit value for nitrogen dioxide (NO2) was established, the city announced on Wednesday. The threshold value has only been significantly exceeded twice, on particularly busy parts of the Mittlerer Ring. "Thanks to our own measurements, we finally have reliable facts," said Lord Mayor Dieter Reiter (SPD). "The air in Munich is considerably better than many times assumed and was calculated by the free state of 2017."
The results for 2018 showed that the limit had fallen below in many places – an important argument in the debate on driving bans. The federal government considers the prohibition of a burden below the threshold as disproportionate. "Whether the overall nationally declining trend of NO2 values on the individual main axes of the Munich road network justifies driving or driving, the government of Upper Bavaria responsible for this question will have to weigh well," Reiter said.
Also read a TZ report from 2017 *: Diesel War: a lot of headwind for OB drivers after his challenge
Reiter opposes driving bans in Munich
Reiter (EPD) now clearly opposed driving bans. "So zonal / area bans are not proportionate or necessary," he said. "But even distance-based driving bans do not solve the problem, but only move it to neighboring residential areas." All in all, this would not reduce the total load on pollutants.
The city started its own measurements at the beginning of 2018, after previously only data from the Free State were available on the basis of five air metering stations. At the start of this year, the network of measuring points has doubled again to 40.
Speed limit and measured values: Green accused transport ministers overload
January 29 2:13 pm: The Greens accuse transport minister Andreas Scheuer (CSU) of excessive demands. When the speed limit on highways, it is clear that this saved lives and reduced the number of seriously injured, said Green Party leader Anton Hofreiter on Tuesday in Berlin. In the dispute about air pollutants Scheuer "overboard" years of scientific work "on the basis of a declaration paper from a few doctors". And his foreign minister demanded higher railway prices, instead of worrying about the difficulties of the railroad. It became clear "that this Minister of Transport is overwhelmed in his office".
Transport State Secretary Enak Ferlemann (CDU) had received a lot of criticism on Monday with the aim of higher train fares. A Scheuers spokeswoman said that pricing is an "entrepreneurial decision" and a question of the railroad.
Minister of Transport against speed restriction: serious accusations of environmental support
January 29, 12:59 pm: In the dispute about a speed limit on motorways and limit values for nitrous oxide and particulate matter, the German environmental support federal Transport Minister Andreas Scheuer (CSU) has sharply criticized. Environment director Jürgen Resch said it Passauer New PressScheuer "does not act as Minister of Transport, but as the official representative of the car industry in the federal cabinet".
"He takes over the positions of the car companies and abandons the millions of surprised owners of dirty diesel cars," Resch said. "He does not care about cities that suffocate in traffic and demand an effective flow of traffic, nor clean air."
Resch also criticized the fact that scouring in the debate about the limits of nitrogen dioxide and suspended particles is "on the side of so-called critical pulmonologists". He spoke of a "ghost debate": "The question of this dark troop simply to suspend EU borders is questionable and is not documented by a single scientific study, but there are 70,000 scientific studies that investigate the harmfulness of particle particles. and demonstrate NO2. "
Söder renews the demand for limit controls – attack on the Greens
January 29, 12:27 pm: CDU leader Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer and her CSU counterpart Markus Söder rehearsed in a press conference on Tuesday, but also discussed the limit debate. Söder stressed that environmental, climate and energy policies must be proportionate. Germany is the only country that can get out of both nuclear power and coal, without knowing exactly how it can guarantee future security of supply. But that was crucial for an industrialized country like Bavaria.
Healthy air must remain, but one must think about what is healthy. And you must check whether the air pollution has been measured correctly. He clearly referred to criticism of the measurement conditions and limit values for nitrogen oxides in connection with diesel vehicles. "The Greens are not saints," Söder said. One must not leave them morality.
Air limits and speed limits on highways – The news of 28 January
18:29: Is a general speed limit after the comments of the last few hours still within the range of the possible? No – says in any case the chief editor of the Münchner Merkur, Georg Anastasiadis. The proposal was "well stored in the green prohibition policy of mothballs". You can read the full comment on Merkur.de *.
15:53: In the debate about the exhaust limits, the CSU boss Markus Söder has announced an assessment by the Bavarian State Public Health Office. In Bavaria, the State Office will create an expertise that really equates the experts in the current discussion, said the Bavarian Prime Minister Monday after a meeting of the CSU Council in Munich. "It needs to be clarified if the measurements we have are stressful or not."
Finally, it had to be clarified whether the emission measurement procedures carried out in Germany "evolved within the European context" or whether Germany took a special route. This also applies to the permissibility of driving bans. "We want to deal intelligently with the subject," Söder emphasized. On the other hand, the current debate is hugely damaging the industrial location of Germany, when the main industry is confronted with new ban discussions week after week.
This also applies to the dispute about general speed limits on German motorways. "That's why we do not believe that the solution to the problems are speed limits or constantly new proposals to ban something," Söder said. On the contrary, it needs new ideas to organize mobility. "We need technological leadership and not just a limit and measurement discussion."
Air limits in Germany: "meters in the exhaust"? – Ziemiak calls for assessments
15:44: The CDU leadership has advocated checking the location of the air pollution measuring equipment and the proportionality of driving restrictions in the event of limit overruns. "If I finally put the meter directly into the exhaust pipe, it is not representative of the air in a city," said CDU Secretary General Paul Ziemiak on Monday after meetings of the CDU head in Berlin. It does not matter to people, "on which screw we change something, but it is important that we quickly arrange things so that it simply does not lead to driving bans".
Environmental protection and control of air pollution are top priorities for the CDU, emphasized Ziemiak. Driving bans should be the last resort, because they meant serious interference in the ownership and freedom of the citizens. There is a framework for carrying out the measurements in EU legislation. In contrast to other countries in Germany, this is measured in such a way that "one can not help but is very close to these limits." Therefore, it must be examined how high the values really are. Ultimately, a proportionality test must take place if a limit is only slightly exceeded.
15.40 hours: Exhaust emission limit values in Europe need to be re-examined in the opinion of the leading European People's Party candidate, Manfred Weber. "It makes sense to have the limits redefined and to think about a revision," said the CSU vice on Monday after a meeting of the party executive in Munich. First of all, the expertise of science is required. Weber emphasized that he would like more coordination in Europe about the application of the limit values. Top Maxim remains the health protection of the people, but also important is a practical application of the laws and a European action in practice.
00:52: The federal government is seeking contradictory comments from physicians on the dangers of diesel exhaust gases for scientific clarification. The various statements would now be considered as an opportunity to reflect on how a sound common position can be adopted, said government spokesman Steffen Seibert on Monday in Berlin. This is currently being discussed with the Leopoldina as the National Academy of Sciences.
A group of pulmonologists had initiated the debate by questioning the health benefits of nitrogen dioxide limits. She objected, among other things, to the positioning of the German Society for Pneumology and Respiratory Medicine (DGP). The Forum of the International Pulmonary Society (FIRS) also contradicted the group of more than 100 pulmonologists.
Spokesperson for the Seibert government: No general speed restriction planned
00:34: The federal government has given a maximum speed limit on motorways a clear rejection. The government does not plan a general speed limit on German highways, said government spokesman Steffen Seibert on Monday in Berlin. There are "smarter" measures for more climate protection in traffic.
Recently, the deliberations of a climate work group of the federal government were known, including a speed limit of 130 kilometers per hour on motorways. This had led to a broad debate. Transport minister Andreas Scheuer (CSU) had turned strictly against a speed limit.
Minister Schulze after interview in the criticism: "A joke" – That is what the federal government says about the speed limit
Update January 28, 2019: Is Svenja Schulze now for a speed limit on motorways – and if so: as Federal Minister for the Environment or SPD politician? After an interview in the ZDF program "Berlin direct", Schulze must file the complaint, it does not represent a clear position on this matter. On Sunday evening she had repeatedly referred to a working group on climate protection in traffic and federal transport minister Andreas Scheuer (CSU), without answering herself, and earned with ridicule and criticism, especially in the social network Twitter.
I have just asked Minister of the Environment Svenja Schulze, SPD, what her position is on a speed limit.
Then I asked her again.
The answer is within #Berlindirekt to see 19.10 @zdf,
– ThomasWalde (@ThomasWalde) January 27, 2019
The interview earlier about ZDF was a joke. Only political chatter, no answer to clear and even repeated questions. Unbelievable. Good night SPD. You have been able to express yourself more credibly.
– MK (@ mk105061) January 27, 2019
what a lousy interview just on ZDF … when Pomitiker finally realize that we no longer want to hear blabla.
– Patrick Friess (@friess_patrick) January 27, 2019
Incidentally, shameless direct interview in Berlin. Speed limit clear no!
– K.O.JAGG (@jagg_k) January 27, 2019
Environmental secretary defends minister
Environment minister Jochen Flasbarth defended the minister: "It was entirely right for Svenja Schulze to leave the issue of the speed limit open, as climate protection in traffic is much more complex," he wrote. A refusal of a speed limit is now "just as wrong as approval".
During a party congress in 2007, the SPD decided to work with a tight majority for a speed limit of 130 kilometers per hour.
The background to the debate is a working group within a committee set up by the federal government, in which a speed limit is discussed. There are no recommendations from the Commission, which should be available by the end of March. Minister of Transport Scheuer has already given a speed restriction a refusal: it was "against all common sense".
"Masochistic debate" – Scheuer railing against environmental support and speed limit
The news of January 27: Berlin – Federal Transport Minister Andreas Scheuer (CSU) has announced the effects of the criticism of more than a hundred pulmonologists on the particulate matter limits. He would take the initiative of doctors on this subject in the next EU Transport Council, Scheuer announced in the "Bild am Sonntag".
"The attraction of pulmonologists should lead to questioning the implementation of the limit values and, if necessary, changing them," Scheuer said. First of all, however, "the masochistic debate must be ended because we can damage and burden ourselves in Germany with increasingly stringent limits." Especially the measuring points are now being checked. "
More about: Controversy about borders: accusations of Lobbyism against the initiative of the lung doctor
At the same time, Scheuer accused the German environmental aid of wanting to break the German car industry: "There are forces in this country, the first want to destroy the diesel and then the petrol engine." The German environmental aid "and others" have continued this strategy "to the detriment of citizens and jobs".
Scheuer on speed limit: "Who can drive 120, 120"
Scheuer also underlined his opposition to a speed limit on motorways. "The principle of freedom has proven itself: if you want to drive 120, you can drive 120. If you want to drive faster, what is the approach to continuous regulation?" According to Scheuer, a speed limit on motorways would reduce total CO2 emissions. reduce by less than 0.5 percent in Germany. With regard to the safety aspect, the Minister said: "German motorways are the safest roads in the world." Already 30 percent of the highway kilometers, namely 7640, had a maximum speed, 18 150 kilometers none. Scheuer told the newspaper: "The system of Richtgeschwindigkeit works and has proven itself."
Recently, the deliberations of a climate work group of the federal government were known, including a speed limit of 130 kilometers per hour on motorways. Scheuer then said that such proposals were "against all common sense".
Mobility data against traffic jams?
At the same time, the Minister proposed to stop traffic jams in cities with mobility data from drivers. "If many users were to provide their personal, anonymised mobility data, cities would be better able to plan traffic policies so that people would stay out of traffic and citizens would have to trust the state." This way you can develop better mobility and get cleaner air.
Also read: "Tagesthemen" commentator lures after pushing lung doctors
And: Big uprising after "hard but honest": "insane hysteria"
AFP / dpa
* Merkur.de and tz.de are part of the national digital editorial network Ippen.