"I feel like an alien," says Tuba Sarica, the blogger. As an alien because, in her opinion, there is a lot going on in the debate about racism as a result of the withdrawal of Mesut Özil from the German national team. Tuba Sarica does not understand this debate. Because she casts the wrong light on the & # 39; beautiful land & # 39; in which she lives. Because she herself, the granddaughter of a Turkish guest worker, has never been the victim of racism in Germany.
Tuba Sarica sees much more that this debate leads. For them the problem of the attachment of Mesut Özil is and remains the Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdogan. "Ozil is enthusiastic about a fascist Islamist and the conclusion is that we are talking about how racist Germany is," she complains. She is irritated that "death sting" tries to portray "Germany as a xenophobic society". "I lead a great life here," she says.
Everything a pseudo-debate? This is hard to believe, given that parallel to the discussion in Frank Plasberg's first "hard but fair" show after the summer holidays – motto: "Ozil and the consequences: is there a little racist in all of us?" Demonstration train full of right-wing extremists marched through Chemnitz, "Foreigners" and "We are the national resistance" roaring. And it also irritates that the moderator does not react to it at first. Only after about an hour of talking does the word "Chemnitz" fall for the first time.
"Xenophobia is not based on experience"
The fear researcher Borwin Bandelow now reports on the paradox that xenophobia is usually the greatest when there are few strangers. In cities with many inhabitants with a migrant background – as he calls Frankfurt am Main – the grudge is the lowest. "Strange fear is not based on experience," says Bandelow.
Racism really exists in Germany, says Mehmet Daimagüler. The lawyer, who was a member of the federal executive board of the FDP, before he left the party in 2007, represented in the NSU trial as co-plaintiff members of victims of the right-wing terrorist cell. Nobody, except children, he says, is free of prejudice.
Daimagüler tells how he recently felled on the highway by a pick-up with Polish registration. His first thought at that time was: "Damn Pole". "You have to face such negative impulses," says the lawyer. Only then could something change. Empathy is important.
Karlheinz Endruschat calls himself a racist & # 39; – because he labels himself as a racist. Endruschat, deputy SPD chairman in Essen, had complained about a number of problems in the Altenessen district, where he lives. He was talking about children in kindergarten who can not speak a word of German, or that he is annoyed that he does not know what is going on in the four mosques in his neighborhood.
Then it broke over him what he calls the "industry of indignation". "That's good, but you do not say that, I've been told," he says. "I became a racist because others made me a racist," sounds Endruschat.
Will racism be concealed in the Turkish community?
The racism that Tuba Sarica wants to talk about, dominates the Turkish community. Exclusion and resentment towards Germans are widespread there, claims the blogger and author ("Your hypocrites!"). And she says that this form of discrimination is usually concealed.
Mehmet Daimagüler and Carim Soliman, who writes as a journalist for "ZEIT Online" and the "Tagesspiegel", contradict her. It is certainly talked about racism in migrant environments, there can be no question of suppressing the debate. And not even that about problems caused by immigration, would not be discussed.
"When it means that we have to talk about problems in the end, I wonder: when do not we talk about problems?" Says Mehmet Daimagüler. And he adds: "When are we going to talk about integration success?"
The fact that discrimination is not an illusion has just been demonstrated again by a study by the University of Mannheim. It was published at the end of July. Frank Plasberg now presents it again. Students should appreciate lecture notes: one group has received tests from a fictitious student named Max for correction, the other dictates by a Murat. They performed differently with the same number of errors: the execution of "Murat" was valued less well by the future teachers.
"Having a Turkish name makes it more difficult," says Mehmet Daimagüler. Occasionally he is the only person who has to present an identity card to a court, while his unmarried lawyers are admitted uncontrollably. He still does not want to complain. "My life is sugar," he says. "How is it against Sinti and Roma or people with an even darker skin color who can not express themselves?"
"My Germany is also your Germany"
"Minorities are still systematically at a disadvantage," says journalist Carim Soliman. "Racism is about power and powerlessness," says lawyer Mehmet Daimagüler. "But it is not that there is no permeability", says social democrat Karlheinz Endruschat. Right, they all have three.
But what can help to make it better? "Talk, get to know each other," says Shary Reeves. The Cologne-born presenter, actress and singer named her autobiography published in 2014 "Ich bin nicht farbig". "I can not take off my skin garment in the morning," she says. "Yet I want to live in a country where I can say: my Germany is also your Germany."