DBecause religious asylum is difficult for communities. The protégés must be taken care of and cared for, donations and volunteers are needed for everything. And there are procedural rules that the churches agreed in 2015 with the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF).
According to WELT research, many churches have violated these rules. That is why the Federal Minister of the Interior Horst Seehofer (CSU) and his colleagues in the countries have issued a decree that makes it even more difficult for offenders. Since August they had to be prepared to give an ecclesiastical refuge for 18 months. That is difficult to do.
Scharf criticizes the decree of the ecumenical federal working group (BAC) asylum in the church, in which the currently 552 cases are coordinated with 868 persons. Kerkasiel is "complicated and sanctioned", the decree is "illegal", complains the BAG. The decree does not, however, affect the ecclesiastical sanctuary.
The background: almost everything is about the Dublin system. More than 90 percent of the almost 1,200 cases in 2017 include people who had applied for asylum in another EU country. The BAMF should send them back to the state of the application according to the Dublin rules. However, because some EU countries have doubts about the humanitarian norms, communities harbor people where they find the transfer at least unreasonable. The state tolerates this and refrains from getting these people removed from the churches by the police.
In exchange, however, the churches promised in 2015 to submit a file to the BAMF with details of each case and a representative of the church. If the conditions are met, the federal agency is prepared to investigate the case on the basis of the file and, if necessary, to opt for a self-employed person. This means that Germany finally makes the asylum application instead of the other EU state. Self-employment for humanitarian reasons has so far accounted for about a quarter of the cases.
But not all communities kept to the agreements. Exact numbers are not available. But the Catholic Church reports omissions to the WORLD. "From conversations with the BAMF we know that in 2017, unfortunately, only about half of all ecclesiastical asylum cases have submitted a dossier," said Prelaat Karl Jüsten, head of the Berlin office of the German bishops' conference. The Jüstens specification covers the catholic, Protestant and free ecclesiastical area.
The BAMF reports that of the 2533 registered church registration records, 3,481 persons registered in the period from 1 January 2017 to 30 June 2018 "the main obstacles were not filing cases of hardship and forbidding church contacts". Precise data on the omissions, however, are available from Lower Saxony. According to the Ministry of the Interior, between May 2016 and September 2017, only 54 percent of the Lower Saxony Kirchenasyle files were deposited there. Only 58 percent of the cases called the BAMF a contact person.
The new decree now provides for the extension of the period for independent entrepreneurship in the event of such negligence. Normally, Germany must take over the responsibility for an asylum application and not return the person to the state of the first application if the person has been registered more than six months ago. But if the person can not be found and considered fleeting, Germany has 18 months to return. However, people in ecclesiastical asylum are not considered volatile, so Germany will have to examine the application itself after six months.
According to the new decree, the transitional period for church establishments will be extended to 18 months if the municipalities do not submit a dossier or mention a contact person. This also applies if they do not finish the ecclesiastical asylum within three days after the BAMF has examined the file and wants to bring the person back further.
In these three cases, the responsibility for Germany is only transferred after 18 months. Ergo: Communities that do not cooperate must accommodate people for one and a half years to prevent the transfer. And that overwhelms many of them.
According to BAMF, the "transfer period of 18 months has already been applied on a small scale". The reason is "the residence in the church, despite the negative Dossierprüfung". That is why Karl Jüsten warned the Catholic Church, the communities.
It was "a concern of the bishops that the parishes and religious communities respect the procedure agreed with the BAMF" the first requirement of ecclesiastical asylum "is a good understanding of the responsible government agencies," says Jüsten. That is why the municipalities are well advised to call a contact person in every ecclesiastical asylum case and to submit a file & # 39 ;.
Jüsten understands the goal of the Minister of Home Affairs: "In principle we have no objection to measures that improve the implementation of the agreement." Nevertheless, Jüsten criticizes the extension of the transfer period to 18 months. When ecclesiastical asylum, the authorities were "at any time the whereabouts of the known seeker," so it "can not be said that the asylum seeker volatile".
After months of shelter, the communities struggle to let the victims go. But Jüsten opens a perspective: the end of the asylum does not mean the end of any help ". Time and again there have been cases where "people seeking protection are still supported, even after their departure".